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Toptas M.,Haseki Research and Education Hospital | Akkoc I.,Haseki Research and Education Hospital | Savas Y.,Haseki Research and Education Hospital | Uzman S.,Haseki Research and Education Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis | Year: 2016

Acute mesenteric ischaemia (AMI) is an emergency condition that requires urgent diagnosis. Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been studied as inflammatory biomarkers in atherosclerosis, but data regarding AMI are lacking. The study population included patients with AMI (n=46) versus age and sex-matched healthy controls (n=46). Computed multidetector tomographic angiography was performed to diagnose AMI. NLR and PLR were calculated using complete blood count. C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were also analyzed. Neutrophil levels and lymphocytes were significantly higher in patients with AMI than in the control individuals (P<0.001 and P=0.43, respectively). NLR levels were significantly higher in patients with AMI compared with that in the control individuals (P<0.001). Platelet levels did not reach statistical significance between the groups (P=0.709). However, patients with AMI had significantly higher PLR levels than the control group (P=0.039). CRP levels on admission were higher in patients with AMI in comparison with control individuals. There was also a positive correlation between NLR and CRP (r=0.548, P<0.001), and between PLR and CRP (r=0.528, P<0.001). NLR level greater than 4.5, measured on admission, yielded an area under the curve value of 0.790 (95% confidence interval 0.681-0.799, sensitivity 77%, specificity 72%), and PLR level of greater than 157 yielded an area under the curve value of 0.604 (95% confidence interval 0.486-0.722, sensitivity 59%, specificity 65%). Patients with AMI had increased NLR, PLR, and CRP levels compared with controls. Increased NLR and PLR was an independent predictor of AMI. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source


Gungor O.,Ege University | Demirci M.S.,Ege University | Kircelli F.,Ege University | Tatar E.,Ege University | And 6 more authors.
Clinical Nephrology | Year: 2013

Introduction: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) and arterial stiffness (AS) have each been linked with increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. However, there is no data in the literature up-to-date on AS in adult patients with NS. Thus, in this study, we aimed to evaluate the potential associations between AS, volume and nutritional status in patients with NS in comparison to a healthy control group. Methods: 34 adult patients with newly diagnosed but untreated NS and 34 healthy controls were studied. AS was assessed by carotid-femoral PWV (cf-PWV) and body composition, nutritional status by multi-frequency bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA). Results: Mean age was 44.6 ± 18.7 years (18-72). Mean cf-PWV was 8.3 ± 2.5 m/s in patients with NS and 6.7 ± 1.1 m/s in controls (p = 0.002). In univariate analysis, cf-PWV and positively correlated with age, systolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse pressure, body mass index, body fat ratio, waisthip ratio, creatinine, uric acid and negatively with creatinine clearance. In linear regression analysis, only age and MAP predicted arterial stiffness. Total body fluid, extracellular water (ECW), ECW/Height, ECW/ body surface area and third space volumes were higher in patients with NS. Conclusion: Patients with NS have increased AS and are more hypervolemic compared to the healthy subjects © 2013 Dustri-Verlag Dr. K. Feistle ISSN 0301-0430. Source


Direskeneli H.,Marmara University | Akkoc N.,Dokuz Eylul University | Bes C.,Abant Izzet Baysal University | Cakir N.,Fatih Sultan Mehmet Research and Education Hospital | And 27 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology | Year: 2014

Objective: Unmet needs of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients regarding physician/patient communication, treatment preferences and quality of life issues were investigated in a Turkish survey study. Methods: The study was conducted with the contribution of 33 rheumatologists, and included 519 RA patients. The study population included patients who had been on biologic therapy for >6 months and were still receiving biologic therapy (BT group), and those who were biologic naive, but found eligible for biologic treatment (NBT group). Of the RA patients, 35.5% initially had a visit to an internal disease specialist, 25.5% to a physical therapy and rehabilitation specialist, and 12.2% to a rheumatology specialist for their RA complaints. The diagnosis of RA was made by a rheumatologist in 48.2% of patients. Results: The majority of RA patients (86.3%) visit their doctor within 15-week intervals. Most of the physician-patient communication focused on disease symptoms (99.0%) and impact of the disease on quality of life (61.8%). The proportion of RA patients who perceived their health status as good/very good/excellent was higher in the BT group than in the NBT group (74.3% vs. 51.5%, p<0.001). However, of those RA patients in the NBT group, only 24.8% have been recommended to start a biologic treatment by their doctors. With respect to dose frequency options, once-monthly injections were preferred (80%) to a bi-weekly injection schedule (8%). Conclusion: In conclusion, RA patients receiving biologic therapy reported higher rates of improved symptoms and better quality of life and seemed to be more satisfied with their treatment in our study. © Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology 2014. Source

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