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Wajima T.,Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science | Chiba N.,Keio University | Morozumi M.,Keio University | Shouji M.,National Cancer Center Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Microbial Drug Resistance | Year: 2014

A GAS Surveillance Study Group was organized to analyze group A streptococci (GAS) isolated from patients with acute pharyngotonsillitis, with participating pediatricians submitting swab samples between April and October 2012. Molecular analysis of emm typing and multilocus sequence typing (MLST), as well as antimicrobial susceptibility testing, were carried out for 363 GAS isolates. Strains belonging to emm1 were most prevalent (25.6%), followed in turn by emm12 (23.7%), emm28 (16.3%), and emm89 (15.3%). In emm1, 87.2% of strains, typed as ST28 or ST661, showed macrolide (ML) resistance mediated by the mef(A) gene. In emm12 (ST36 and ST465), 64.3% of strains were resistant to MLs because of mef(A) or erm(B), as was also true for 81.7% of emm28 (ST52). In emm89 (ST101 and ST646), however, such resistance was not seen. Due to the high levels of ML resistance observed, GAS isolates from individuals with penicillin allergies need to be isolated and their antimicrobial susceptibility tested, rather than automatically giving the patient a ML. © Copyright 2014, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2014. Source


Takahashi K.,Saitama Prefectural Institute of Public Health
Shokuhin eiseigaku zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan | Year: 2013

A simple determination method of dinoseb and dinoterb in agricultural products, livestock products and seafood by LC-MS/MS was developed. Agricultural samples were extracted with acetone (in the case of rice, soybean and tea leaf, phosphoric acid was added). An aliquot of crude extract was partitioned with hexane and sat. sodium chloride solution. In the case of livestock products and seafood, samples were extracted with a mixture of acetone, hexane, water and sodium chloride, and the organic layer was collected. Clean-up was performed using a PSA mini column. The LC separation was performed on a C18 column with methanol-water (19 : 1) containing 0.005 v/v% acetic acid as a mobile phase, and MS with negative ion electrospray ionization was used for detection. The calibration curve was linear between 0.0005 to 0.04 μg/mL for each compound. Average recoveries (n=5) of dinoseb and dinoterb from 20 kinds of agricultural products, livestock products and seafood fortified at the MRLs were 77-111%, and the relative standard deviations were 2-15%. The limits of quantitation were 0.001 μg/g for both compounds. Source


Morita Y.,Tokyo Kasei University | Komoda E.,Tokyo Kasei University | Ono K.,Saitama Prefectural Institute of Public Health | Kumagai S.,University of Tokyo
Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan | Year: 2011

We examined the survival of two biofilm-forming strains and two biofilm-deficient strains of non typhoid Salmonella (NTS) on stainless steel bolt threads under dry conditions. Five μL of tryptone soya broth or egg yolk emulsion containing NTS strains at a concentration of 9 log cfu/ mL was dropped onto the thread surfaces of hexagonal bolts. After inoculation, the bolts were screwed into the nuts, and then removed (Separate type) or not removed (Unit type). The two types of samples were kept in a dry environment (20.0-25.0°C, 2-15% humidity) and bacteria on the surfaces were periodically counted. Biofilm-forming strains were recovered from all samples after 336 days of incubation, but biofilm-deficient strains were isolated from only two of 8 samples after 336 days. This finding demonstrates that NTS can survive for approximately one year on bolt threads, providing direct evidence of the potential risk of constructions having crevices or uneven surfaces as possible contamination sources. The risk of cross-contamination may be higher for biofilm-forming strains than for biofilm-deficient strains. Source


Takatori S.,Osaka Prefectural Institute of Public Health | Akutsu K.,Osaka Prefectural Institute of Public Health | Kondo F.,Aichi Medical University | Ishii R.,Saitama Prefectural Institute of Public Health | And 2 more authors.
Chemosphere | Year: 2012

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one of the most important treatments of infertility to provide a chance of conceiving. In IVF treatment, sperm are washed and motile sperm are isolated with sperm washing media (SWM) for the purpose of fertilization; fertilized ova are then incubated for a maximum of 5 or 6d in media for IVF (IVFM). The exposure of fertilized ova to chemicals via such media has not been studied. We determined the concentrations of two contaminants; di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) and its hydrolyzed product mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP) in IVFM, SWM, and protein sources (PS: human serum albumin or serum substitute) for IVFM and SWM. The DEHP and MEHP in these media were extracted by a liquid-liquid extraction method and their concentrations determined by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Fifteen IVFM, nine SWM, and six PS obtained in Japan were examined. The concentrations of DEHP and MEHP in IVFM and SWM were <10-114 and <2.0-263ngmL -1, respectively. The concentrations of both DEHP and MEHP were higher in the media containing PS than in those without PS. Either MEHP alone or both DEHP and MEHP were detected in PS. The concentrations of DEHP and MEHP in PS were <10-982 and 47.0-1840ngmL -1, respectively. The DEHP and MEHP detected in these media were derived from PS. This is the first study on the chemical contamination of IVFM, SWM, and PS. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Takahashi K.,Saitama Prefectural Institute of Public Health | Ishii R.,Saitama Prefectural Institute of Public Health | Nemoto S.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences | Matsuda R.,Japan National Institute of Health Sciences
Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan | Year: 2013

A simple determination method of dinoseb and dinoterb in agricultural products, livestock products and seafood by LC-MS/MS was developed. Agricultural samples were extracted with acetone (in the case of rice, soybean and tea leaf, phosphoric acid was added). An aliquot of crude extract was partitioned with hexane and sat. sodium chloride solution. In the case of livestock products and seafood, samples were extracted with a mixture of acetone, hexane, water and sodium chloride, and the organic layer was collected. Clean-up was performed using a PSA mini column. The LC separation was performed on a Cl8 column with methanol-water (19: l) containing 0.005 v/v% acetic acid as a mobile phase, and MS with negative ion electrospray ionization was used for detection. The calibration curve was linear between 0.0005 to 0.04 \ig/mh for each compound. Average recoveries (n=5) of dinoseb and dinoterb from 20 kinds of agricultural products, livestock products and seafood fortified at the MRLs were 77-111%, and the relative standard deviations were 2-15%. The limits of quantitation were 0.001 pg/g for both compounds. Source

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