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Imatoh T.,Fukuoka University | Tanihara S.,Fukuoka University | Miyazaki M.,Saitama City Institute of Health Science and Research | Momose Y.,Fukuoka University | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Nutrition | Year: 2011

Purpose Coffee is among the most widely consumed beverages in the world. Numerous epidemiological studies have reported a significant inverse association between coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, but the underlying mechanisms are still not fully understood. Therefore, we conducted an epidemiological study to clarify the relationship between coffee consumption and adiponectin levels in Japanese males. We also evaluated whether green tea consumption affected adiponectin levels. Methods We carried out a cross-sectional study. The subjects were 665 male employees in Japan. Coffee consumption was assessed, using a self-administered questionnaire, as the number of times per week and cups per day respondents drank, and subjects were grouped into four levels (non, 1-5 times/week, 1-2 cups/day and ≥3 cups/day). Results The means of adiponectin levels were positively associated with coffee consumption. A dose-response relationship was found between coffee consumption and circulating adiponectin levels. The relationship remained significant after adjustment for potential confounding factors (P for trend<0.05). However, green tea consumption was not significantly associated with adiponectin levels (P for trend = 0.90). Conclusions We not only revealed that habitual coffee consumption is associated with higher adiponectin levels in Japanese males but also found a dose-dependent association between coffee consumption and adiponectin levels. Therefore, our study suggested that coffee components might play an important role in the elevation of adiponectin level. © Springer-Verlag 2010. Source

Tamura I.,Tokushima University | Kimura K.,Saitama City Institute of Health Science and Research | Kameda Y.,Chiba Institute of Technology | Nakada N.,Environmental Quality Management | Yamamoto H.,Tokushima University
Environmental Technology (United Kingdom) | Year: 2013

Despite the fact that some hydrophobic pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) have been found to accumulate in river sediments, little is known about the contribution of these compounds to the toxicity of the whole sediment. We sampled river sediments from two urban creeks with an unsewered drainage area to investigate the toxicity for a benthic organism, Chironomus yoshimatsui. The concentrations of selected hydrophobic PPCPs, triclosan (TCS), triclocarban (TCC) and galaxolide (HHCB) were analysed using gas chromatographic mass spectroscopy or liquid chromatographic mass spectroscopy and were found to lie within the range 50 to 200 ng g-1. The toxicity of the three individual contaminants for the chironomid was also determined. The toxicity of TCC was found to be the strongest, with an NOEC value of 2.5 μg g -1. Combining the toxicity and measured environmental concentration, the ecological risk was assessed and the contribution of these contaminants to the whole sediment toxicity estimated, assuming additivity. The hazard quotient of all three compounds, determined without assessment factor, ranged between 0.01 and 0.1. The combined contribution of the three compounds to total sediment toxicity was as high as 8.2%, but other unknown factors may also make an important contribution. © 2013 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Imatoh T.,Fukuoka University | Miyazaki M.,Saitama City Institute of Health Science and Research | Kadowaki K.,Akita | Tanihara S.,Fukuoka University | And 2 more authors.
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine | Year: 2012

Background: In many studies, high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin has been considered the active form of adiponectin. However, whether HMW adiponectin is a good surrogate marker for coronary artery disease still needs to be elucidated. Methods: We conducted a hospital-based cross-sectional study to examine the relationship between total, HMW or non-HMW adiponectin concentrations and coronary stenosis in 83 male patients and 138 male controls. Results: Patients with coronary stenosis had significantly lower total adiponectin concentrations compared with controls. Non-HMW adiponectin concentrations in cases were significantly lower than the controls. However, there were no significant differences between cases and controls in HMW adiponectin concentrations. From the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the area under the curve (AUC) for total and non-HMW adiponectin was significantly larger than that for HMW adiponectin concentrations. Of the three models, that for non-HMW adiponectin showed the largest AUC (total adiponectin 0.74, HMW adiponectin 0.54, and non-HMW adiponectin 0.79). Conclusions: Despite associations between total adiponectin levels and coronary stenosis, our data go against any apparent association between HMW adiponectin concentrations and coronary stenosis. © 2012 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston. Source

Tamura I.,Tokushima University | Kagota K.-I.,Tokushima University | Yasuda Y.,Tokushima University | Yoneda S.,Tokushima University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Applied Toxicology | Year: 2013

Acute and chronic (or sub-chronic) toxicity of five selected antimicrobial agents, including triclosan (TCS), triclocarban (TCC), resorcinol, phenoxyethanol and p-thymol, was investigated using the conventional three-aquatic-organism battery. These compounds are widely used in cosmetics and other personal care products and their ecological risk has recently become a significant concern. As results of toxicity tests, TCS was found to be most strongly toxic for green algae [e.g. 72h no observed effect concentration (NOEC) of 0.50μgl-1] among the selected compounds, followed by TCC, while TCC was more toxic or similar to TCS for Daphnia and fish (e.g. Daphnia 8day NOEC of 1.9μgl-1). Having compared the predicted no effect concentration (PNEC) determined from the toxicity data with measured environmental concentrations (MEC), the preliminary ecological risk assessment of these five antimicrobials was conducted. The MEC/PNEC ratios of TCS and TCC were over 1 for some monitoring data, especially in urban streams with watershed areas without sewage service coverage, and their potential risk for green algae and Daphnia might be at a level of concern, although the contribution of TCS/TCC on the total toxicity of the those sites needs to be further investigated. For the three other antimicrobials, the maximum MEC/PNEC ratio for resorcinol was 0.1-1, but those for phenoxyethanol and p-thymol were <0.1 and their risk to aquatic organisms is limited, although the additive effects with TCS, TCC and other antimicrobial agents, such as parabens, need to be further examined in future studies. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

Imatoh T.,Fukuoka University | Kamimura S.,Tenjin Clinic | Miyazaki M.,Saitama City Institute of Health Science and Research
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2015

Background/Objectives: Most of the studies that have investigated the association between coffee consumption and hepatic steatosis have been experimental and small-scale clinical studies. As a result, epidemiological studies are scarce. To clear the association, we conducted a cross-sectional study and investigated the effects of coffee consumption with those of green tea consumption. Subjects/Methods: We analyzed 1024 Japanese male workers. The diagnosis of hepatic steatosis was based on ultrasonography. We divided coffee and green tea consumption into the following three categories: non-drinker; 1-2 cups/day and ≥3 cups/day. To investigate the association between hepatic steatosis and coffee or green tea consumption, we calculated the odds ratio (OR) and adjusted the means of leptin levels on each severity of hepatic steatosis. Results: A total of 265 of our subjects (25.9%) were diagnosed with hepatic steatosis. The ORs of the group of subjects who drank >3 cups of coffee/day was significantly lower compared with that of the noncoffee drinker group (OR 0.59, 95% confidence intervals 0.38-0.90, P=0.03). Although there was a significant difference between coffee consumption and leptin level only in the asymptomatic group, we found a decreasing trend in the asymptomatic and moderate-severe hepatic steatosis group. We did not find the same relationships in green tea consumption. Conclusions: Although we did not find an association between hepatic steatosis and green tea consumption, coffee may have beneficial effects on hepatic steatosis. In addition, we produced one possible hypothesis that coffee consumption negatively associates with leptin levels in hepatic steatosis. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved. Source

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