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Shinohara Y.,The Mutual | Katayama Y.,Nippon Medical School | Uchiyama S.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Yamaguchi T.,Japan National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute | And 13 more authors.
The Lancet Neurology | Year: 2010

Background: The antiplatelet drug cilostazol is efficacious for prevention of stroke recurrence compared with placebo. We designed the second Cilostazol Stroke Prevention Study (CSPS 2) to establish non-inferiority of cilostazol versus aspirin for prevention of stroke, and to compare the efficacy and safety of cilostazol and aspirin in patients with non-cardioembolic ischaemic stroke. Methods: Patients aged 20-79 years who had had a cerebral infarction within the previous 26 weeks were enrolled at 278 sites in Japan and allocated to receive 100 mg cilostazol twice daily or 81 mg aspirin once daily for 1-5 years. Patients were allocated according to a computer-generated randomisation sequence by means of a dynamic balancing method using patient information obtained at registration. All patients, study personnel, investigators, and the sponsor were masked to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was the first occurrence of stroke (cerebral infarction, cerebral haemorrhage, or subarachnoid haemorrhage). The predefined margin of non-inferiority was an upper 95% CI limit for the hazard ratio of 1·33. Analyses were by full-analysis set. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00234065. Findings: Between December, 2003, and October, 2006, 2757 patients were enrolled and randomly allocated to receive cilostazol (n=1379) or aspirin (n=1378), of whom 1337 on cilostazol and 1335 on aspirin were included in analyses; mean follow-up was 29 months (SD 16). The primary endpoint occurred at yearly rates of 2·76% (n=82) in the cilostazol group and 3·71% (n=119) in the aspirin group (hazard ratio 0·743, 95% CI 0·564-0·981; p=0·0357). Haemorrhagic events (cerebral haemorrhage, subarachnoid haemorrhage, or haemorrhage requiring hospital admission) occurred in fewer patients on cilostazol (0·77%, n=23) than on aspirin (1·78%, n=57; 0·458, 0·296-0·711; p=0·0004), but headache, diarrhoea, palpitation, dizziness, and tachycardia were more frequent in the cilostazol group than in the aspirin group. Interpretation: Cilostazol seems to be non-inferior, and might be superior, to aspirin for prevention of stroke after an ischaemic stroke, and was associated with fewer haemorrhagic events. Therefore, cilostazol could be used for prevention of stroke in patients with non-cardioembolic stroke. Funding: Otsuka Pharmaceutical. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


Hasegawa K.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Nakagawa F.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Negishi C.,Tokyo Women's Medical University | Negishi C.,Saiseikai Kawaguchi General Hospital | Ozaki M.,Tokyo Women's Medical University
Journal of Anesthesia | Year: 2012

Purpose It has been reported that recently developed circulating-water garments transfer more heat than a forced-air warming system. The authors evaluated the hypothesis that circulating-water leg wraps combined with a water mattress better maintain intraoperative core temperature ≥36°C than either forced-air warming or carbonfiber resistive heating during major abdominal surgery. Methods Thirty-six patients undergoing open abdominal surgery were randomly assigned to warming with: (1) circulating-water leg wraps combined with a full-length circulating-water mattress set at 42°C, (2) a lower-body forced-air cover set on high (∼43°C), and (3) a carbonfiber resistive-heating cover set at 42°C. Patients were anesthetized with general anesthesia combined with continuous epidural analgesia. The primary outcome was intraoperative tympanic-membrane temperature ≥36°C. Results In the 2 h after anesthesia induction, core temperature decreased 1.0 ± 0.5°C in the forced-air group, 0.9 ± 0.2°C in the carbon-fiber group, and 0.4 ± 0.4°Cin the circulating-water leg wraps and mattress group (P <0.05 vs. forced-air and carbon-fiber heating). At the end of surgery, core temperature was 0.2 ± 0.7°C above preoperative values in the circulating-water group but remained 0.6 ± 0.9°C less in the forced-air and 0.6 ± 0.4°C less in the carbon-fiber groups (P <0.05 vs. carbon fiber). Conclusions The combination of circulating-water leg wraps and a mattress better maintain intraoperative core temperature than did forced-air and carbon-fiber warming systems. © 2011 Japanese Society of Anesthesiologists.


Aizawa Y.,Keio University | Takatsuki S.,Keio University | Sano M.,Keio University | Kimura T.,Keio University | And 12 more authors.
Circulation | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND-: The characteristic ECG of Brugada syndrome (BS) can be masked by complete right bundle-branch block (CRBBB) and exposed by resolution of the block or pharmacological or pacing maneuvers. METHODS AND RESULTS-: The study consisted of 11 patients who had BS and CRBBB. BS was diagnosed before the development of CRBBB, on the resolution of CRBBB, or from new characteristic ST-segment changes that could be attributable to BS. Structural heart diseases were excluded, and coronary spasm was excluded on the basis of a provocation test at catheterization. In 7 patients, BS was diagnosed before the development of CRBBB. BS was diagnosed when CRBBB resolved spontaneously (n=1) or by right ventricular pacing (n=3). The precipitating cause for the spontaneous resolution of CRBBB, however, was not apparent. On repeated ECGs, new additional upward-convex ST-segment elevation was found in V2 or V3 in 3 patients. In 2 patients, new ST-segment elevation was induced by class IC drugs. The QRS duration was more prolonged in patients with BS and CRBBB compared with age-and sex-matched controls: 170±13 versus 145±15 milliseconds in V1 and 144±19 versus 128±7 milliseconds in V5 (both P<0.0001). The amplitude of R in V1 was larger in the BS patients than in the control subjects (P=0.0323), but that of R′ was similar (P=0.0560). CONCLUSIONS-: BS can coexist behind CRBBB, and CRBBB can completely mask BS. BS might be demonstrated by relief of CRBBB or by spontaneous or drug-induced ST-segment elevation. The prevalence, mechanism, and clinical significance of a combination of CRBBB and BS are yet to be determined. © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.


Ushiku T.,Massachusetts General Hospital | Ushiku T.,University of Tokyo | Arnason T.,Massachusetts General Hospital | Ban S.,Saiseikai Kawaguchi General Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Modern Pathology | Year: 2013

Very well-differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma of intestinal type is a rare variant of gastric cancer characterized by low-grade nuclear atypia, and for which the diagnostic criteria and clinical behavior are not fully established. This study presents a detailed histologic, immunohistochemical, and clinical analysis of 21 cases. Nuclear atypia was mild in all cases. Characteristic architectural features of this gastric adenocarcinoma variant were pit and glandular anastomosis, spiky glands, distended glands, discohesive cells, abortive glands, and glandular outgrowth. At least three of these features were present in all the cases. Retrospective review of preoperative biopsies in 18 patients revealed that half of the biopsies were originally reported as negative or indeterminate for malignancy. On the basis of immunohistochemical stains for intestinal (MUC2, CD10, and CDX-2) and gastric (MUC5AC and MUC6) markers, 11 (52%) cases had an intestinal immunophenotype and 10 (48%) cases had a mixed immunophenotype. Foci of discohesive neoplastic cells, indicating dedifferentiation toward a poorly cohesive carcinoma, were observed exclusively in neoplasms of mixed immunophenotype (n=5). All patients with follow-up but one were alive without disease at a mean of 19 months (range 1-60 months). One individual with a pT4 tumor with associated poorly cohesive carcinoma died of disease. In summary, very well-differentiated gastric adenocarcinomas are diagnostically challenging. Architectural features are critical to making the diagnosis. Cases with pure intestinal immunophenotype have not been associated with transformation into poorly cohesive carcinoma, and appear to behave as biologically low grade. Those with mixed immunophenotype appear more likely to dedifferentiate and behave more aggressively. © 2013 USCAP, Inc.


Nonaka K.,International University of Japan | Miyazawa M.,International University of Japan | Ban S.,Saiseikai Kawaguchi General Hospital | Aikawa M.,International University of Japan | And 3 more authors.
BMC Gastroenterology | Year: 2013

Background: Stricture formation is one of the major complications after endoscopic removal of large superficial squamous cell neoplasms of the esophagus, and local steroid injections have been adopted to prevent it. However, fundamental pathological alterations related to them have not been well analyzed so far. The aim of this study was to analyze the time course of the healing process of esophageal large mucosal defects resulting in stricture formation and its modification by local steroid injection, using an animal model.Methods: Esophageal circumferential mucosal defects were created by endoscopic mucosal dissection (ESD) for four pigs. One pig was sacrificed five minutes after the ESD, and other two pigs were followed-up on endoscopy and sacrificed at the time of one week and three weeks after the ESD, respectively. The remaining one pig was followed-up on endoscopy with five times of local steroid injection and sacrificed at the time of eight weeks after the ESD. The esophageal tissues of all pigs were subjected to pathological analyses.Results: For the pigs without steroid injection, the esophageal stricture was completed around three weeks after the ESD on both endoscopy and esophagography. Histopathological examination of the esophageal tissues revealed that spindle-shaped α-smooth muscle actin (SMA)-positive myofibroblasts arranged in a parallel fashion and extending horizontally were identified at the ulcer bed one week after the ESD, and increased contributing to formation of the stenotic luminal ridge covered with the regenerated epithelium three weeks after the ESD. The proper muscle layer of the stricture site was thinned with some myocytes which seemingly showed transition to the myofibroblast layer. By contrast, for the pig with steroid injection, esophageal stricture formation was not evident with limited appearance of the spindle-shaped myofibroblasts, instead, appearance of stellate or polygocal SMA-positive stromal cells arranged haphazardly in the persistent granulation tissue of the ulcer site.Conclusions: Proliferation of spindle-shaped myofibroblasts arranged in a parallel fashion is likely to play an important role in stricture formation after circumferential mucosal defects by esophageal ESD, which may be related to the thinning of the proper muscle layer in the healing course of the defects. Local steroid injection seems to be effective to prevent the stricture through the modification of this process. © 2013 Nonaka et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Takagi T.,Takagi Cardiology Clinic | Takagi A.,Saiseikai Kawaguchi General Hospital | Yoshikawa J.,Nishinomiya Watanabe Cardiovascular Center
Journal of Echocardiography | Year: 2014

Background: It has been reported that the diastolic wall strain (DWS) inversely correlates with the myocardial stiffness constant. The ratio of early diastolic transmitral flow velocity to annulus velocity (E/E′) correlates with the left ventricular (LV) filling pressure. Increased LV wall stiffness is thought be associated with increased LV filling pressure after exercise. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the DWS and post-exercise E/E′ in elderly patients without obvious myocardial ischemia.Methods: Fifty-eight elderly patients (age = 74 ± 6 years) who underwent treadmill stress echocardiography were studied. All patients had normal LV wall motion at rest, and patients with exercise-induced wall motion abnormality were excluded. The DWS was calculated as follows: DWS = (PWTs − PWTd)/PWTs, where PWTs is the LV posterior wall thickness at end-systole and PWTd is that at end-diastole. As previously reported, DWS ≤ 0.33 was defined as low DWS and E/E′ ≥15.0 was defined as a marker of increased LV filling pressure.Results: Eighteen patients had low DWS. Patients with low DWS had greater post-exercise E/E′ (17.9 ± 3.2 vs. 12.8 ± 3.3, p < 0.0001). The DWS was inversely and strongly correlated with post-exercise E/E′ (r2 = 0.534, p < 0.0001). Low DWS predicted the development of raised post-exercise E/E′ ≥15.0 with a positive predictive value of 94 % and a negative predictive value of 85 %.Conclusion: In elderly patients without obvious myocardial ischemia, the DWS correlates strongly and inversely with post-exercise E/E′. Patients with low DWS were likely to develop raised E/E′ after exercise. © 2014, Japanese Society of Echocardiography.


Ban S.,Saiseikai Kawaguchi General Hospital | Mitomi H.,Dokkyo Medical University | Horiguchi H.,Hitachi Ltd. | Sato H.,Saiseikai Kawaguchi General Hospital | Shimizu M.,Saitama University
Pathology International | Year: 2014

We reviewed the clinicopathological findings of eight cases of sessile serrated adenoma/polyps (SSA/Ps) with carcinoma, the largest diameter of which was 10mm or less. All lesions were polyps located in the right side of the colon. Four lesions showed submucosal invasion and one lesion invaded the proper muscle layer. The depth of invasion, however, did not seem to be related to the carcinoma area size. Most carcinomas were well to moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinomas focally showing some serrated appearances, and the predominant component of one carcinoma was a poorly differentiated medullary growth with inflammatory stroma. Rapid progression to invasive carcinoma from SSA/P was suggested for the carcinoma with proper muscle invasion whereas one submucosally invasive carcinoma was considered to progress over 7 years. Immunohistochemically, it was suggested that with or without hMLH1 protein loss, alterations of p53 and/or Wnt signaling pathway can be involved in the cancerization through SSA/Ps. The carcinomas irregularly imitated the mucin expression of the SSA/Ps (positive for MUC5AC and MUC2, and MUC6 expression in crypt bases), which was lost with progression of the carcinomas. Analyses of small SSA/P lesions with cancerization would facilitate the understanding of the mode of progression of SSA/Ps and their early detection. © 2014 Japanese Society of Pathology and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.


Mihara M.,Saiseikai Kawaguchi General Hospital | Hara H.,Saiseikai Kawaguchi General Hospital | Furniss D.,University of Oxford | Narushima M.,University of Tokyo | And 6 more authors.
British Journal of Surgery | Year: 2014

Background: One of the complications of lymphoedema is recurrent cellulitis. The aim was to determine whether lymphaticovenous anastomosis (LVA) was effective at reducing cellulitis in patients with lymphoedema.Methods: This was a retrospective review of patients with arm/leg lymphoedema who underwent LVA. The frequency of cellulitis was compared before and after surgery. The diagnostic criteria for cellulitis were a fever of 38.5°C or higher, and warmth/redness in the affected limb(s).Results: A total of 95 patients were included. The mean number of episodes of cellulitis in the year preceding surgery was 1.46, compared with 0.18 in the year after surgery (P <0.001).Conclusion: LVA reduced the rate of cellulitis in these patients with lymphoedema. © 2014 BJS Society Ltd.


Mihara M.,University of Tokyo | Hayashi Y.,University of Tokyo | Hara H.,University of Tokyo | Todokoro T.,University of Tokyo | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology | Year: 2012

Therapeutic efficacy of lymphatic-venous anastomosis (LVA) has been shown, but expansion of the indication is desirable because LVA is a procedure with low invasiveness and is applicable over a wide area. This is the first reported case of intractable pelvic lymphocyst for which LVA was effective. LVA may be useful for pelvic lymphocyst at an early stage after cancer resection and lymph node dissection. © 2012 AAGL.


PubMed | Tokyo Medical and Dental University and Saiseikai Kawaguchi General Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of orthopaedic surgery and research | Year: 2017

An anterior decompression and fusion (ADF) with the floating method is an effective procedure for treating ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), allowing a direct decompressive effect on the spinal cord. However, the procedure is skill-intensive, particularly in cases of OPLL with a high canal-occupying ratio. In such cases, there are potential risks for insufficient decompression due to the incomplete floating of the OPLL. Here, we introduce an anterior decompression procedure for massive OPLL, using an intraoperative computed tomography (CT) with a mobile scanner gantry for the intraoperative evaluation of the decompression. We further evaluated the outcomes of ADF using mobile CT in comparison with a historical control of ADF without intraoperative CT evaluation.Fifty OPLL patients who underwent ADF with the floating method were evaluated in this study: 25 patients with intraoperative CT (CT group) and 25 patients without CT (non-CT group). In the CT group, intraoperative CT scanning was performed before freeing the ossification from the surrounding bone tissues. The reconstructed images were reviewed to evaluate the extent of bone decompression and thinning of the OPLL. After review of the images, further thinning of the OPLL or removal of surrounding bone was performed as deemed necessary, to complete the floating of the OPLL.Patients background was similar between the CT and non-CT group. Operating time tended to be shorter for the CT group. On the postoperative CT, incomplete OPLL floating due to impingement between the OPLL and the medial aspect of the pedicle or uncovertebral joint was observed for four patients (16.0%) in the non-CT group, whereas insufficient decompression was not observed in the CT group.Intraoperative CT imaging was effective to avoid insufficient decompression following ADF with the floating method for massive OPLL. We also consider that the intraoperative three-dimensional imaging is helpful for providing informative feedback to surgeons to improve performance in skill-intensive surgeries such as ADF with the floating method.

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