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Harada T.,Hokkaido Social Insurance Hospital | Oizumi S.,Hokkaido University | Ito K.,Obihiro Kousei Hospital | Takamura K.,Obihiro Kousei Hospital | And 13 more authors.
Oncologist | Year: 2013

Amrubicin, a third-generation synthetic anthracycline agent, has favorable clinical activity and acceptable toxicity for the treatment of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer. We conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of amrubicin for advanced NSCLC patients as a third- or fourth-line therapy. Eligible patients had recurrent or refractory advanced NSCLC after second- or third-line therapy. Patients received amrubicin, 35 mg/m2 i.v. on days 1-3 every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was the disease control rate (DCR). Secondary endpointswerethe overall survival (OS) time, progression-free survival (PFS) time, response rate, and toxicity profile. Of the 41 patients enrolled, 26 received amrubicin as a third-line and 15 received it as a fourth-line therapy. The median number of treatment cycles was two (range, 1-9). Objective responses were complete response (n = 0), partial response (n = 4), stable disease (n = 21), progressive disease (n=15), and not evaluable (n1), resulting in a DCR of 61.0% (95% confidence interval, 46.0%-75.9%). The overall response rate was 9.8% (95% confidence interval, 0.6%-18.8%). The median PFS interval was 3.0 months, median OS time was 12.6 months, and 1-year survival rate was 53.7%. Grade 3 or 4 hematological toxicities were neutropenia (68%), anemia (12%), thrombocytopenia (12%), and febrile neutropenia (17%). Nonhematological toxicities were mild and reversible. No treatment-related deaths were observed. Amrubicin showed significant clinical activity with manageable toxicities as a third- or fourth-line therapy for patients with advanced NSCLC. This study provides relevant data for routine practice and future prospective trials evaluating third- or fourth-line treatment strategies for patients with advanced NSCLC. © AlphaMed Press 2013. Source


Minemura H.,Fukushima Medical University | Yokouchi H.,Fukushima Medical University | Azuma K.,Fukushima Medical University | Hirai K.,Fukushima Medical University | And 10 more authors.
BMC Research Notes | Year: 2015

Background: Erlotinib is an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, which is an effective treatment for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), especially those harboring activating EGFR mutations. A previous phase III trial suggested that patients with EGFR wild-type (EGFR-wt) NSCLC or elderly patients with disease progression after cytotoxic chemotherapy might benefit from erlotinib monotherapy. However, few studies have prospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of second- or third-line erlotinib monotherapy for elderly patients with EGFR-wt advanced or recurrent NSCLC. Methods: Pretreated patients aged ≥70 years with EGFR-wt stage IIIB/IV NSCLC or those with postoperative recurrence were enrolled and received oral erlotinib at a dose of 150 mg/day until disease progression. Primary outcome was the objective response rate (ORR). Secondary end points included the disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity profile. Results: This study was terminated early because of the results from a Japanese phase III trial (DELTA trial). Sixteen patients were enrolled between April 2010 and May 2013. The median age was 78 years (range 70-84 years). Six patients were female. Five patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0. Eleven (69%) patients had adenocarcinoma. Fifteen (94%) patients were treated with erlotinib as a second-line therapy. The ORR was 0% [95% confidence interval (CI) 0-17.1]. DCR was 56.3% (95% CI 33.2-76.9). The median PFS and OS were 1.7 months (95% CI 1.3-2.2) and 7.2 months (95% CI 5.6-8.7), respectively. The most commonly occurring adverse events included acneiform eruption (31.3%) and skin rash (25.0%). One patient developed grade 3 interstitial lung disease, which improved following steroid therapy. Conclusions: In pretreated elderly patients with advanced or recurrent EGFR-wt NSCLC, daily oral erlotinib was well tolerated; however, administration of the drug should not be considered as a second line therapy. © 2015 Minemura et al. Source


Minemura H.,Fukushima Medical University | Yokouchi H.,Fukushima Medical University | Azuma K.,Fukushima Medical University | Hirai K.-I.,Fukushima Medical University | And 10 more authors.
BMC Research Notes | Year: 2015

Background: Erlotinib is an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, which is an effective treatment for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), especially those harboring activating EGFR mutations. A previous phase III trial suggested that patients with EGFR wild-type (EGFR-wt) NSCLC or elderly patients with disease progression after cytotoxic chemotherapy might benefit from erlotinib monotherapy. However, few studies have prospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of second- or third-line erlotinib monotherapy for elderly patients with EGFR-wt advanced or recurrent NSCLC. Methods: Pretreated patients aged ≥70 years with EGFR-wt stage IIIB/IV NSCLC or those with postoperative recurrence were enrolled and received oral erlotinib at a dose of 150 mg/day until disease progression. Primary outcome was the objective response rate (ORR). Secondary end points included the disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity profile. Results: This study was terminated early because of the results from a Japanese phase III trial (DELTA trial). Sixteen patients were enrolled between April 2010 and May 2013. The median age was 78 years (range 70-84 years). Six patients were female. Five patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0. Eleven (69%) patients had adenocarcinoma. Fifteen (94%) patients were treated with erlotinib as a second-line therapy. The ORR was 0% [95% confidence interval (CI) 0-17.1]. DCR was 56.3% (95% CI 33.2-76.9). The median PFS and OS were 1.7 months (95% CI 1.3-2.2) and 7.2 months (95% CI 5.6-8.7), respectively. The most commonly occurring adverse events included acneiform eruption (31.3%) and skin rash (25.0%). One patient developed grade 3 interstitial lung disease, which improved following steroid therapy. Conclusions: In pretreated elderly patients with advanced or recurrent EGFR-wt NSCLC, daily oral erlotinib was well tolerated; however, administration of the drug should not be considered as a second line therapy. Trial registration: University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN) Clinical Trials Registry UMIN000004561 (Date of registration: November 15th, 2010) © 2015 Minemura et al. Source


Suzuki S.,Fukushima Medical University | Yoshihisa A.,Fukushima Medical University | Yamaki T.,Fukushima Medical University | Sugimoto K.,Fukushima Medical University | And 50 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2013

Backgroud: Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is a common and highly morbid cardiovascular disorder. Diuresis is a major therapy for the reduction of congestive symptoms. However, most diuretics cause hyponatremia, which is a worsening factor of ADHF patients prognosis. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of tolvaptan, which is a selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist and produces water excretion without changes in sodium excretion, compared with carperitide. Methods and Results: One hundred and nine hospitalized ADHF patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to tolvaptan or carperitide treatment groups. Subjective symptoms and plasma BNP level were similarly improved by treatment in both groups. Urine volume was significantly higher in the tolvaptan group (P.05), but volume of water intake was also higher in the tolvaptan group (P.05). Blood pressure was significantly lower in the carperitide group than in the tolvaptan group after treatment (P.05). Less adverse events such as worsening heart failure and hypotension requiring drug discontinuation were observed in the tolvaptan group (P.027). The average drug cost of tolvaptan was lower than that of carperitide (P.001). Conclusions: Tolvaptan might be a novel promising agent for ADHF in terms of efficacy and safety compared to carperitide. © 2013, The American College of Clinical Pharmacology. Source


Kanazawa K.,Fukushima Medical University | Yokouchi H.,Fukushima Medical University | Wang X.,Fukushima Medical University | Ishida T.,Fukushima Medical University | And 14 more authors.
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology | Year: 2014

Purpose: This phase II study evaluated the response rate (RR) and safety of combination therapy with carboplatin (CBDCA) and pemetrexed (PEM) in Japanese patients with non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (non-sq NSCLC). Further, the relationship between therapy efficacy/toxicity and genetic polymorphisms associated with PEM metabolism was analyzed.Methods: Forty-one patients received CBDCA at a dose targeting an area under the concentration-time curve of 5 mg/mL × min and PEM of 500 mg/m2 on day 1 every 3 weeks. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the thymidylate synthase (TYMS) coding gene, the variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) in the TYMS, and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) coding gene were analyzed.Results: The overall RR was 36.6 %. Median progression-free survival and median survival time were 4.7 months [95 % confidence interval (CI) 3.9-5.6 months] and 16.2 months (95 % CI 6.1-26.2 months), respectively. Epidermal growth factor receptor gene mutations were detected in 6 patients (14.6 %). The VNTR in the TYMS significantly correlated with anemia (p = 0.047) and thrombocytopenia (p = 0.038).Conclusions: This combination therapy was effective and tolerable in patients with advanced non-sq NSCLC. The VNTR in the TYMS appears to be a predictive factor for anemia and thrombocytopenia in patients treated with this regimen. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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