Saint Luke Private Hospital

Panórama, Greece

Saint Luke Private Hospital

Panórama, Greece
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Foroulis C.N.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Zarogoulidis P.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Darwiche K.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Katsikogiannis N.,University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Disease | Year: 2013

Pancoast tumors account for less than 5% of all bronchogenic carcinomas. These tumors are located in the apex of the lung and involve through tissue contiguity the apical chest wall and/or the structures of the thoracic inlet. The tumors become clinically evident with the characteristic symptoms of the Pancoast-Tobias syndrome which includes Claude-Bernard-Horner syndrome, severe pain in the shoulder radiating toward the axilla and/or scapula and along the ulnar distribution of the upper arm, atrophy of hand and arm muscles and obstruction of the subclavian vein resulting in edema of the upper arm. The diagnosis will be made by the combination of the characteristic clinical symptoms with the radiographic findings of a mass or opacity in the apex of the lung infiltrating the 1st and/or 2nd ribs. A tissue diagnosis of the tumor via CT-guided FNA/B should always be available before the initiation of treatment. Bronchoscopy, thoracoscopy and biopsy of palpable supraclavicular nodes are alternative ways to obtain a tissue diagnosis. Adenocarcinomas account for 2/3 of all Pancoast tumors, while the rest of the tumors are squamous cell and large cell carcinomas. Magnetic resonance imaging of the thoracic inlet is always recommended to define the exact extent of tumor invasion within the thoracic inlet before surgical intervention. Pancoast tumors are by definition T3 or T4 tumors. Induction chemo-radiotherapy is the standard of care for any potentially resectable Pancoast tumor followed by an attempt to achieve a complete tumor resection. Resection can be made through a variety of anterior and posterior approaches to the thoracic inlet. The choice of the approach depends on the location of the tumor (posterior - middle - anterior compartment of the thoracic inlet) and the depth/extent of invasion. Prognosis depends mainly on T stage of tumor, response to preoperative chemo-radiotherapy and completeness of resection. Resection of the invaded strictures of the thoracic inlet should me made en bloc with pulmonary parenchyma resection, preferably an upper lobectomy. Invasion of the vertebral column is not a contraindication for surgery which, however, should be performed in oncologic centers with experience in spinal surgery. Surgery for Pancoast tumors is associated with 5% mortality rate and the complication rate varies from 7-38%. The overall 2-year survival rate after induction chemo-radiotherapy and resection varies from 55% to 70%, while the 5-year survival for R0 resections is quite good (54-77%). The main pattern of recurrence is that of distant metastases, especially in the brain. © Pioneer Bioscience Publishing Company.


Boutsikou E.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Kontakiotis T.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Zarogoulidis P.,Aristotle University of Thessaloniki | Darwiche K.,University of Duisburg - Essen | And 8 more authors.
OncoTargets and Therapy | Year: 2013

Background: Bevacizumab and erlotinib have been demonstrated to prolong overall survival in patients with non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We designed a four-arm Phase III trial to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of the combination of docetaxel, carboplatin, bevacizumab, and erlotinib in the first-line treatment of patients with NSCLC. Methods: A total of 229 patients with stage IIIb/IV non-squamous NSCLC were treated with two cycles of carboplatin (area under the concentration-time curve 5.5) and docetaxel 100 mg/m2 as chemotherapy. After completion of two treatment cycles, patients were evaluated for response and divided into four groups: 61/229 continued with four more cycles of chemotherapy (control group), 52/229 received chemotherapy plus erlotinib 150 mg daily, 56/229 received chemotherapy plus bevacizumab 7.5 mg/kg, and 60/229 were treated with the combination of chemotherapy, erlotinib, and bevacizumab until disease progression. The primary endpoint was overall survival. Results: Over 4 years of follow-up, there was no statistically significant difference in survival and time to progression between the four treatment groups. After two cycles of chemotherapy, responders and nonresponders were divided according to their response in order to examine the role of initial response as an independent factor in survival and response when a biological agent is combined with chemotherapy. Nonresponders, who received additional therapy with bevacizumab or combination therapy, had a survival benefit [657 days (95% confidence interval 349-970) and 681 days (95% confidence interval 315-912), respectively], which was statistically significant compared with continuation of cytotoxic chemotherapy (P < 0.001). The combination therapy had a safety profile comparable with that of bevacizumab and erlotinib taken individually. Conclusion: Administration of bevacizumab and erlotinib in combination with first-line chemotherapy, followed by bevacizumab and erlotinib monotherapy as maintenance, showed promising results in patients with NSCLC, with reduced toxicity as compared with chemotherapy alone, but did not translate into longer overall survival. © 2013 Boutsikou et al, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd.


PubMed | Cyprus University of Technology, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Saint Luke Private Hospital and Democritus University of Thrace
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of translational medicine | Year: 2016

Esophageal perforation (EP) is a medical condition which demands urgent confrontation with significant complications. The cause of the perforation may be common, spontaneous or iatrogenic, with conservative or surgical therapeutic strategy, which is needed in the majority of incidents, depending on the characteristics of the lesion. We report a case of a 68-year-old man, with the existence of an ulcerative lesion 31 cm approximately from the dental barrier, and a coexistent stenosis, diagnosed through esophagogastroduodenoscopy, which evolved to an extensive purulent necrotic mediastinitis, diagnosed through a thorax CT scan after the patient began to complain of asphyxiation during eating. A right posterolateral thoracotomy was performed along with intensive wide spectrum antibiotic therapy. Primary closure of the perforation as well as pulmonary tenting was used with satisfactory results. There was no evidence of leakage after a 12-month follow-up period. The early diagnosis of an EP combined with immediate surgical procedure and frequent follow-up of the patient, eliminate the risks for the patients life and ensure a satisfactory outcome.


PubMed | Saint Luke Private Hospital, Cyprus University of Technology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Hippokration General Hospital and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of translational medicine | Year: 2016

Percutaneous tracheostomy is a minimally invasive operation performed in patients, in order to provide an air passage through the windpipe. A rare cause of severe bleeding during such operation is the injury of the thyroidea-ima artery. This case report presents a patient with hemorrhage after thyroidea-ima injury during percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy. Surgeons should always be aware of such anatomic variation, in order to prevent urgent sternotomy.


PubMed | Saint Luke Private Hospital, Sotiria Chest Diseases Hospital, `Saint Luke Private Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and 4 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of translational medicine | Year: 2016

Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare clinical entity which is characterized by a complete reverse anatomy of the thoracic cage and abdomen. There are a few reports of patients with SIT and lung cancer. The number of the cases that have been treated surgically is also very small. We report a case of an 80 years old patient who underwent left lower lobectomy after staging with uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and mediastinoscopy.


PubMed | Saint Luke Private Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and Democritus University of Thrace
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of translational medicine | Year: 2016

Benign tracheal stenosis is situation that occurs usually after stress is applied to a certain area in the trachea during the intubation of a patient or inflammation caused during an infection. In the current case report we will present a 65-year-old man with a benign tracheal stenosis due to a 15-day intubation with a high pressure and low volume intubation tube. Current methodology was applied in his case with an excellent result with a 1-year follow up. Cryotherapy, electrocautery-knife, balloon dilation and semi-rigid bronchoscopic technique were applied. Currently there are several techniques that can be used by pulmonary physicians or ear, nose and throat experts. It remains for the treating physician to choose its method based on his training, equipment and tissue damage.


PubMed | Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg, Sotiria Chest Diseases Hospital, Saint Luke Private Hospital and Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of translational medicine | Year: 2016

The diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is essential but polysomnography (PSG) is expensive and time consuming. Oximetry has been used as a less expensive indicator of OSAHS. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical utility of the combination of oximetry with four different questionnaires: Stop, Stop Bang (S-B), Berlin questionnaire (BQ), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) in order to identify patients at risk for OSAHS compared with in-laboratory PSG.Patients visiting a sleep clinic were prospectively studied. They completed Stop, S-B, BQ and ESS. Home oximetry and in laboratory PSG were performed within 3-20 days.A total of 204 patients were included in the study (77.5% males, mean age 51.813.8 years, BMI 32.86.2 kg/mOximetry may be used as a tool for identifying severe OSAHS. For mild and moderate disease the combination of questionnaires did not improve the diagnostic accuracy and especially for symptomatic patients with negative results, the need of PSG is essential.


PubMed | Saint Luke Private Hospital, University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Democritus University of Thrace and Genisis Private Clinic
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of translational medicine | Year: 2016

Currently interventional bronchoscopy is used for debulking, desobstruction and airway patency stabilization. The interventional techniques are being used for both benign and malignant cases. There are two types of stents that are currently being used, silicon and self-expandable metallic. The method of application and stent remains for the treating physician to choose. In the current case we will present a case of metastatic disease from ovarian cancer in the airway lumen and a long term follow-up.


PubMed | Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg, Saint Luke Private Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Interbalkan European Medical Center and Democritus University of Thrace
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of translational medicine | Year: 2016

Ovarian cancer is known to be the first cause of death of gynecological malignancy in Europe and United States. Skin metastases consist of an unusual event during the course of ovarian carcinoma and occur in 2-3.5% of the patients. We report two interested cases of patient with skin metastases, due to ovarian carcinoma, diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration (FNA). The clinical information, cytologic findings and immunocytochemical profile are described and further discussed, according to the relevant bibliographic data. The combination of FNA and thin layer cytology contribute to the accurate clarification of metastatic tumors with a known or unknown origin. It known that skin metastasis tend occurs in most ovarian carcinomas at a late stage course of the disease and it is usually associated with poor prognosis, in some cases the survival can be prolonged with appropriate therapy. So, an accurate cyto-immunodiagnosis is crucial for the best management of these patients.


PubMed | Friedrich - Alexander - University, Erlangen - Nuremberg, Saint Luke Private Hospital, Theagenio Cancer Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and Democritus University of Thrace
Type: | Journal: Therapeutics and clinical risk management | Year: 2016

Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has been shown to effectively reduce postoperative pain, enhance mobilization of the patients, shorten in-hospital length of stay, and minimize postoperative morbidity rates. The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate neuroendocrine and respiratory parameters as stress markers in cancer patients who underwent lung wedge resections, using both mini muscle-sparing thoracotomy and VATS approach.The patients were randomly allocated into two groups: Group A (n=30) involved patients who were operated on using the VATS approach, while in group B (n=30), the mini muscle-sparing thoracotomy approach was used. Neuroendocrine and biological variables assessed included blood glucose levels, C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, cortisol, epinephrine, and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) levels. Arterial oxygen (PaO2) and carbon dioxide (PaCO2) partial pressure were also evaluated. All parameters were measured at the following time points: 24 hours preoperatively (T1), 4 hours (T2), 24 hours (T3), 48 hours (T4), and 72 hours (T5), after the procedure.PaO2 levels were significantly higher 4 and 24 hours postoperatively in group A vs group B, respectively (T2: 94.3 vs 77.9 mmHg, P=0.015, T3: 96.4 vs 88.7 mmHg, P=0.034). Blood glucose (T2: 148 vs 163 mg/dL, P=0.045, T3: 133 vs 159 mg/dL, P=0.009) and CRP values (T2: 1.6 vs 2.5 mg/dL, P=0.024, T3: 1.5 vs 2.1 mg/dL, P=0.044) were found increased in both groups 4 and 24 hours after the procedure. However, their levels were significantly lower in the VATS group of patients. ACTH and cortisol values were elevated immediately after the operation and became normal after 48 hours in both groups, without significant difference. Postoperative epinephrine levels measured in group A vs group B, respectively, (T2: 78.9 vs 115.6 ng/L, P=0.007, T3: 83.4 vs 122.5 ng/L, P=0.012, T4: 67.4 vs 102.6 ng/L, P=0.021). The levels were significantly higher in group B.This study confirmed that minimally invasive thoracic surgery, by means of VATS, significantly reduces the acute-phase response and surgical stress, while enables better postoperative oxygenation.

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