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Courbevoie, France

Saint-Gobain S.A. is a French multinational corporation, founded in 1665 in Paris and headquartered on the outskirts of Paris, at La Défense and in Courbevoie. Originally a mirror manufacturer, it now also produces a variety of construction and high-performance materials. Wikipedia.


The freeze-casting of porous materials has received a great deal of attention during the past few years. This simple process, where a material suspension is simply frozen and then sublimated, provides materials with unique porous architectures, where the porosity is almost a direct replica of the frozen solvent crystals. This review focuses on the recent results on the process and the derived porous structures with regards to the biomaterials applications. Of particular interest is the architecture of the materials and the versatility of the process, which can be readily controlled and applied to biomaterials applications. A careful control of the starting formulation and processing conditions is required to control the integrity of the structure and resulting properties. Further in vitro and in vivo investigations are required to validate the potential of this new class of porous materials.© 2010 by the author.


This paper considers the infrared characteristic radiation (IRCR) during the first order phase transitions (crystallization, condensation and sublimation) of water. Experimental results are analyzed in terms of their correspondence to the theoretical model. This model is based on the assumption that the particle's (atom, molecule, or cluster) transition from the higher energetic level in a metastable phase (vapor or liquid) to a lower level in a stable phase (liquid or crystal) produces an emission of one or more photons. The energy of these photons depends on the latent energy of the phase transition and the character of bonds formed by the particle in the new phase. For all investigated substances, this energy falls in the infrared range. Recorded in the atmosphere, many sources of the infrared radiation seem to be a result of crystallization, condensation and sublimation of water during fog and cloud formation. The effect under investigation must play a very important role in atmospheric phenomena: it is one of the sources of Earth's cooling; formation of hailstorm clouds is accompanied by intensive characteristic infrared radiation that could be detected for process characterization and meteorological warnings. IRCR seems to be used for atmospheric energy accumulation and together with the wind, falling water, solar and geothermal energies makes available the fifth source of ecologically pure energy. This phenomenon may either be used to search the water in the atmospheres of other planets. © 2011.


Patent
Saint - Gobain | Date: 2015-04-14

A shaped abrasive particle including a body having a first major surface, a second major surface, and a side surface extending between the first major surface and the second major surface, wherein the body includes a sharpness-shape-strength factor (3SF) within a range between about 0.7 and about 1.7 and a Shape Index within a range between at least about 0.51 and not greater than about 0.99.


Patent
Saint - Gobain | Date: 2015-04-14

A shaped abrasive particle including a body comprising a first major surface, a second major surface, and a side surface extending between the first major surface and the second major surface, the body comprising a sharpness-shape-strength factor (3SF) within a range between about 0.7 and about 1.7 and a Shape Index within a range between at least about 0.01 and not greater than about 0.49.


Patent
Saint - Gobain | Date: 2015-04-14

A shaped abrasive particle including a body comprising a first major surface, a second major surface, and a side surface extending between the first major surface and the second major surface, the body having a Shape Index within a range between at least about 0.48 and not greater than about 0.52 and a content of a magnesium-containing species within a range between at least about 1 wt % and not greater than about 4 wt % based on the total weight of the body.

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