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Baltimore Highlands, MD, United States

Sarandria J.J.,Saint Agnes Hospital Center | Escano M.,Saint Agnes Hospital Center | Kamangar F.,Morgan State University | Farooqui S.O.,Saint Agnes Hospital Center | And 2 more authors.
Minerva Chirurgica | Year: 2014

Littoral cell tumors (LCT) are rare primary splenic neoplasms, unique for their morphologic and immunolabeling features resembling the endothelial littoral cells lining the sinusoids of the red pulp. They include the more common and typically benign littoral cell angioma, as 'well as the less common, potentially malignant, littoral cell hemangioendothelioma (LCHE) and the aggressive littoral cell angiosarcoma (LCAS). The most common presentation of these neoplasms is splenomegaly, and diagnosis is made histologically following biopsy or resection. To better understand these tumors, a comprehensive, international literature search was performed. Patient and tumor data, including presenting symptoms, comorbid cancers, immunosuppressive states, splenic mass and tumor size were analyzed. Massive splenomegaly (≥1500 g) following splenic resection, which correlates with a splenic length of 20 cm preoperatively, was found to be significantly associated with the presence of malignancy in the LCT (P<0.05). Source

Kowdley G.C.,Saint Agnes Hospital Center | Merchant N.,Saint Agnes Hospital Center | Richardson J.P.,Saint Agnes Hospital Center | Somerville J.,Saint Agnes Hospital Center | And 2 more authors.
TheScientificWorldJournal | Year: 2012

The proportions both of elderly patients in the world and of elderly patients with cancer are both increasing. In the evaluation of these patients, physiologic age, and not chronologic age, should be carefully considered in the decision-making process prior to both cancer screening and cancer treatment in an effort to avoid ageism. Many tools exist to help the practitioner determine the physiologic age of the patient, which allows for more appropriate and more individualized risk stratification, both in the pre- and postoperative periods as patients are evaluated for surgical treatments and monitored for surgical complications, respectively. During and after operations in the oncogeriatric populations, physiologic changes occuring that accompany aging include impaired stress response, increased senescence, and decreased immunity, all three of which impact the risk/benefit ratio associated with cancer surgery in the elderly. Copyright © 2012 Gopal C. Kowdley et al. Source

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