Saimaa University of Applied science is a university of applied science in the region of South Karelia, Finland.Before 2009, it was known as South Karelia University of Applied science. Its campuses are located in Lappeenranta and Imatra. Wikipedia.
Siren H.,University of Helsinki |
Riikonen P.,Saimaa University of Applied Sciences |
Yang G.,Saimaa University of Applied Sciences |
Petton A.,Institut Universitaire de France |
And 2 more authors.
Analytical Biochemistry | Year: 2015
Abstract This study was focused on organic acids and metals in biofluids of wood. Without seasoning, fresh woods from spruce and bark, phloem, and heartwood from pine were used as materials, which were degraded with either microbes of oyster mushroom, baker's yeast, or lactic acid bacteria. Due to neutral pH of the fluids, ambient temperature, atmospheric pressure, and short reaction time, native wood microbe populations were supposed to be present. The water content of the fresh woods was 4 to 20%. The study showed that process methodology and experimental conditions affected the generation of lactic, citric, succinic, and adipic acids, which are considered as source chemicals in the biopolymer industry. In addition to the organic acids and metals, the process produced monosaccharides, polysaccharides, and phenolic acids such as benzoic, salicylic, cinnamic, vanillic, tannic, and conifer (ferulic) acids. Concentrations of total acids and acetic and succinic acids in pine fluids from bark, phloem, and heartwood were 58.4 g/kg and 3.5 to 6.9 g/kg, respectively. In spruce, the most dominant acids were l-lactic and l-malic acids. As for metals, Ag and Cr were detected at 0.01-g/kg quantities in pine bark. Alkali metals K, Mg, Sr, and Ca were detected at 10, 8, 1.3, and 4 g/kg, respectively. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.
Hannola L.,Lappeenranta University of Technology |
Ovaska P.,Saimaa University of Applied Sciences
Journal of Computer Information Systems | Year: 2011
The objective of the information system (IS) development project is to develop and modify systems that satisfy customers' and users' needs on schedule and within a budget. The early activities in information systems development, i.e. the front end of innovation in information systems, are recognized as critical and important steps; poor execution of these activities is an almost certain guarantee for a failure of the final IS product. However, there are many problems related to the early phases of IS development, and therefore this research paper presents a conceptual model for categorizing the problems in the front end of innovation in IS. Based on this conceptual model, we suggest that the activities in the early phases of information system development currently used in organizations do no work in large scale. In the directions for future research we discuss the need for new approaches in the front end of innovation in information systems.
Rintala A.,Lappeenranta University of Technology |
Karppinen H.,Saimaa University of Applied Sciences |
Koivuniemi J.,Lappeenranta University of Technology
International Journal of Services and Operations Management | Year: 2016
The roots of operations management (OM) in manufacturing context, but there has been a growing interest in applying OM approaches in different types of service contexts, including the non-profit sector. In this study, we explore what OM research can do to support the improving of elderly home care. A systematic literature review was done to find out the typical managerial implications of service operations management (SOM) research. Interviews and a group decision support system session during an improvement project were used to point out the operational-level problems and development targets in organising elderly home care. By comparing the research focus of SOM with the operational-level problems observed in the case context, the paper helps in bridging the gap between SOM theory and practice. This research helps both researchers and practitioners understand how SOM research can benefit different types of target organisations. Copyright © 2016 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.
Helminen K.,University of Eastern Finland |
Helminen K.,Saimaa University of Applied Sciences |
Tossavainen K.,Kuopio University Hospital |
Turunen H.,Kuopio University Hospital
Nurse Education Today | Year: 2014
Background: Assessment received by students affects the way that they conduct their studies and shapes their interests in clinical placements. It is therefore important that mentors and teachers have high quality assessment strategies to ensure the competence of nursing students. Objectives: The objective of this study is to describe the views and experiences of nursing students, nursing teachers, and mentors on the final assessment of nursing students in clinical practice. The study also investigates respondents' views on using a standardized national or European scheme for clinical assessment in the future. Design: Descriptive survey design with a questionnaire. Settings: Implemented in five Finnish universities of applied sciences and in five partner hospitals. Participants: Nursing students (n. = 276), nursing teachers (n. = 108) and mentors (n. = 225). Methods: A questionnaire was used to collect data. Survey data were analyzed by using SPSS version 19. Descriptive statistics and cross tabulations were used to characterize the data. Results: Nursing students felt that they had spent enough time with their mentors during their clinical practice period to ensure that the mentors could assess their behavior. Mentors also evaluated that they had spent enough time with the students. Students and mentors both indicated occasional difficulties with the language used in the competence assessment document. Most of the nursing students and mentors shared the view that it is always necessary for a teacher to be involved in the final assessment discussion. Conclusions: The study highlights the importance of assessment skills of mentors and the important role of the teachers. Findings from this study indicate that nursing students' clinical practice assessment already includes many good practices, but we still have some difficulties in ensuring effective measures of competence. © 2014 .
Juvonen P.,Saimaa University of Applied Sciences
European Journal of Engineering Education | Year: 2013
Icaros is an information technology (IT) cooperative that was originally owned by 11 IT degree programme students of Saimaa University of Applied Sciences. This article describes experiences and challenges of team building of these students who are called 'teampreneurs' during their first year as team entrepreneurs. The findings provided here are based on theme-based interviews and direct observations. The team learning experiences gained during their first year were related to lack of risks and challenges in team building. Previous studies related to team development suggest that cooperation and conflict, and also openness and confrontation, are essential elements for team development. Based on the findings, teampreneurs of Icaros were avoiding confrontation and conflict. These facts inhibited their development to a potential team and they were stuck in the pseudo-team stage with several parallel challenges. Later, after four teampreneurs decided to leave the Icaros cooperative, it created a crisis within the team and the Icaros was able to further develop as a team. The results suggest that team building needs lots of time and patience and cannot be hurried. Furthermore, the role of team coach is crucial in supporting the teampreneurs to confront their challenges related to relationships between each other within the team. © 2013 Copyright SEFI.