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Sagamihara, Japan

Soejima T.,Hyogo Cancer Center | Yoden E.,Kawasaki Medical School | Nishimura Y.,Kinki University | Ono S.,Kyushu University of Health and Welfare | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Radiation Research

Patients with implanted cardiac pacemakers (ICPs) or implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are increasing in number, and the incidence of treating these patients with radiation therapy also is increasing. Thus, a prospective survey was conducted of patients with these devices receiving radiation therapy. A prospective survey of patients with ICPs or ICDs treated with radiation therapy was conducted on methods of radiation therapy, status of ICP/ICD, and management of patients before, during, and after radiation therapy. After completion of radiation therapy, study participants were registered via mail, fax, or e-mail. Sixty-two patients from 29 institutions were registered from September 2006 to December 2008. Sixty patients had an ICP and 2 had an ICD. The total dose was estimated before radiation therapy by dose-volume histogram in 26 patients (42%) and by measurement of actual doses in 9 (15%). In one patient, the maximum total dose was 2069 cGy; however, in the other patients, the ICP/ICD dose did not exceed 478 cGy. Function of ICPs and ICDs was checked before radiation therapy in 38 patients (61%), after radiation therapy in 32 (52%), and both before and after radiation therapy in 29 (47%). ICP malfunction occurred in a patient with prostate cancer treated by intensity-modulated radiation therapy to the prostate. Even when an ICP or ICD is not within the field of radiation, malfunction of the device may still occur. To minimize the risk to patients, precautions must be taken during the planning and administration of radiation therapy. Source

Mihara T.,Yokohama City University | Itoh H.,International University of Health and Welfare | Hashimoto K.,Sagamihara Kyodo Hospital | Goto T.,Yokohama City University
Anesthesia and Analgesia

Background: Obturator nerve block is performed on patients who undergo transurethral resection of inferolateral bladder tumors to prevent thigh adductor muscle contraction. However, other than the tumor site, we have no criteria to judge whether this block is necessary in all patients. Moreover, it is difficult to predict the efficacy of obturator nerve block before resection. To solve these problems, we have devised a trans-resectoscope stimulation technique that involves delivering several single-twitch electrical stimuli to the inside wall of the bladder via a resectoscope to elicit contraction of the thigh adductor muscle. Methods: Trans-resectoscope stimulation was performed in 51 cases on 45 patients for which urologists had requested obturator nerve block. If no thigh adductor muscle contraction was observed with trans-resectoscope stimulation (i.e., negative result), tumor resection was performed without further investigation. If the result was positive, we performed obturator nerve block or administered a muscle relaxant until the result turned negative. Positive or negative responses to the initial trans-resectoscope stimulation and thigh adductor muscle contraction during subsequent resection were recorded. Results: The initial trans-resectoscope stimulation result was negative in 29 of the 51 cases (57%). In these cases, tumor resection was allowed to proceed, and no thigh adductor muscle contraction occurred (rate of incidence [95% confidence interval]: 0% [0%-5.7%]). In cases with a positive initial trans-resectoscope stimulation result (22/51 or 43%), we performed an obturator nerve block or administered a muscle relaxant after which we once again stimulated to verify the lack of adductor response before proceeding with the resection, and no thigh adductor muscle contraction was observed during resection. Conclusions: Trans-resectoscope stimulation is beneficial not only to predict the need to block the contraction of the thigh adductor during tumor resection but also to avoid unnecessary obturator nerve block. © 2013 International Anesthesia Research Society. Source

Igarashi T.,Nihon University | Sakatani K.,Nihon University | Shibuya T.,Sagamihara Kyodo Hospital | Hirayama T.,Nihon University | And 2 more authors.
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology

We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of a newly developed, near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) device for monitoring hemodynamic changes during carotid artery stenting (CAS), as a means to detect filter obstruction due to distal embolism. We evaluated 16 patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis during the CAS procedure, using a NIRS system that can monitor not only changes in oxygenation of hemoglobin (Hb), but also the fluctuation of oxyhemoglobin (oxy-Hb) synchronized with heartbeat. The NIRS system detected a marked decrease of oxy-Hb and an increase of deoxyhemoglobin (deoxy-Hb) during ICA occlusion in patients without anterior cross circulation (ACC). Patients with ACC showed much smaller changes. The analysis of oxy-Hb fluctuation made it possible to detect occurrence of no-flow in the absence of Hb concentration changes. The amplitude of oxy-Hb fluctuation in the no/slow-flow group was significantly smaller than that in the normal-flow group. Our results indicate that the present high time-resolution NIRS device, which can measure oxy-Hb fluctuation, is superior to conventional NIRS for detecting filter obstruction. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2014. Source

Aoi Y.,Yokohama City University | Inagawa G.,Yokohama City University | Inagawa G.,Kanagawa Childrens Medical Center | Hashimoto K.,Sagamihara Kyodo Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care

BACKGROUND: Direct laryngoscopy along with manual inline stabilization (MIS) is currently the standard care for patients with suspected neck injuries. However, cervical collar immobilization is more commonly performed in the prehospital environment, and its early removal is necessary before intubation. We hypothesized that if usability of Airway Scope (AWS) in a difficult airway could also bring merits to intubation under cervical collar immobilization, unnecessary risk caused by the removal of a neck collar may be prevented. METHODS: In this crossover study, 30 consenting patients presenting for surgery were assigned to undergo intubation using AWS. Neck was stabilized manually and by a neck collar in a random order before laryngoscopy was performed by the same anesthesiologist. Measurements include interincisor distance (IID), success rate, intubation time, and fluoroscopic examination of the upper and middle cervical spine. RESULTS: IID was notably narrower after application of a neck collar (mean ± SE: MIS, 19 mm ± 1 mm; collar, 10 mm ± 1 mm; p < 0.01). One and 9 failures were encountered in MIS and collar groups, respectively (p = 0.012). Intubation time proved no statistical significance. Extension of craniocervical junction was observed in both groups, but occipitoatlantal joint was significantly more extended in collar group (median [range]: AWS, 10-degree angle [-1 to 20-degree angle]; collar, 14-degree angle [5 to 26-degree angle]; p < 0.01). DISCUSSION: AWS laryngoscopy under cervical collar immobilization fails to meet our expectation. Intubation failed in 30% of the cases in collar group whereas only 3.3% of the cases in MIS group. Significant difference of mouth opening limitation is probably the major reason, as 7 of 9 failed cases in collar group had IID <10 mm. This was insufficient to insert the 18-mm blade of AWS. In addition, occipitoatlantal joint suffered a greater extension when wearing a neck collar. Differences in the method to stabilize the neck may be the reason. CONCLUSION: When compared with cervical collar immobilization, AWS laryngoscopy along with MIS seems to be a safer and more definite method to secure airway of neck-injured trauma patients because it limits less mouth opening and upper cervical spine movement. Copyright © 2011 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Nakayama T.,Sagamihara Kyodo Hospital | Nakayama T.,Keio University | Ohtsuka T.,Keio University | Kazama A.,Sagamihara Kyodo Hospital | Watanabe K.,Sagamihara Kyodo Hospital
Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

We report a rare case of classic pulmonary blastema (CPB) without recurrence for 3 years after the operation. A 70-year-old man presented with cough and sputum for a month. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed a 5cm-sized mass in the right middle lobe. Bronchoscopic examination was performed, and the mass was suspected as adenocarcinoma of the lung. Right middle lobectomy and lymph node dissection were performed. The pathologic histology diagnosis was classic pulmonary blastoma, a subtype of biphasic pulmonary blastoma. © 2011 The Editorial Committee of Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. All rights reserved. Source

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