Kawazoe S.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
Otuka T.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
Oeda S.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
Ario K.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
Akiyama T.,Saga Prefectural Hospital
Hepatology Research | Year: 2010
Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) therapy in elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: Four hundred and sixty-one patients with naïve HCC, including 107 elderly (aged ≥75 years) patients, who were treated with RFA between 2000 and 2007, were enrolled. Baseline characteristics, survival/recurrence rates and complications after RFA were compared between elderly and non-elderly patients. Results: In the elderly group, the proportion of men, alcohol consumption, serum alanine aminotransferase and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase levels were significantly lower compared with those in the non-elderly group. There were no differences in Child-Pugh grade and tumor characteristics between the two groups. The cumulative survival rates in the elderly group were 82% at 3 years and 61% at 5 years, which was equivalent to the non-elderly group. Similarly, no differences were observed in recurrence rates. In multivariate analysis, Child-Pugh grade and tumor-related factors were significant factors associated with survival, but age was not. Although elderly patients had more extrahepatic comorbidities, their presence was not a factor associated with survival prognosis or complication after RFA. Conclusion: RFA treatment might be safe and effective in elderly patients, as well as non-elderly patients, with HCC. © 2010 The Japan Society of Hepatology.
Matsuo M.,Saga University |
Maeda T.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
Sasaki K.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
Ishii K.,Saga Handicapped Childrens Hospital |
Hamasaki Y.,Saga University
Brain and Development | Year: 2010
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has a close relationship with epilepsy. This study retrospectively examined patients with epilepsy associated with ASD. Among the 519 patients with epilepsy, 79 patients (15.2%) had ASD. Sixty-two patients had idiopathic ASD and 17 had secondary ASD. The epilepsy patients with idiopathic ASD were retrospectively analyzed. There were 47 males and 15 females, ranging from 2 to 43. years of age (median 11. years). The most frequent age at the onset of seizures was 4. years, and 85% occurred before 10. ASD was detected after the onset of epilepsy in 29 cases (46.8%), and eight of them had been overlooked for more than five years. Most of these were high-functioning ASD cases. The most frequent type of seizure was a complex partial seizure (CPS; 68%). Paroxysmal activities on EEG were localized in the frontal area in about half of the cases. Multiple anti-epileptic drugs were used in 33.8% cases (two in 17.7%, three in 16.1%), and 67.3% of the patients were seizure-free for more than two years. An amelioration of the autistic symptoms occurred after epilepsy treatment in five cases (8%).CPS with frontal paroxysms occurring from one to nine years of age seems to be characteristic of epilepsy associated with ASD. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Matsumoto K.,Saga University |
Ohshige K.,Saga University |
Ohshige K.,Yokohama City University |
Fujita N.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy | Year: 2010
Vibrio vulnificus infection can result in necrotizing fasciitis and sepsis and is associated with high mortality. Most patients infected with this microbe have liver dysfunction as an underlying disease. However, because of the sporadic nature of outbreaks and unidentified cases, extensive evaluation of clinical features and identification of factors affecting prognosis have not been performed. We retrospectively analyzed 37 cases in Japan from 1984 to 2008 to review clinical features and to identify risk factors associated with prognosis. Statistical differences between clinical features (patient's characteristics, initial clinical laboratory data, symptoms upon admission, and other risk indicators) and prognosis were analyzed by use of the χ 2 test or the Mann-Whitney U test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was also performed to assess factors which potentially affect hospital mortality. The mortality rate was 64.9%. An underlying liver disease was observed in 91.6% of the patients. The presence of liver cirrhosis tended to be related to hospital mortality; however, statistical significance was not achieved. Advanced age, lower platelet counts, and the presence of extensive skin lesions at onset affected outcomes with statistical significance. The prognosis of this disease is poor, because septic shock and necrotizing fasciitis often develop within a few days. Early diagnosis and treatment are needed to improve the prognosis of V. vulnificus infection. © 2010 Japanese Society of Chemotherapy and The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases.
Akiyama T.,Saga Medical School |
Akiyama T.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
Mizuta T.,Saga Medical School |
Kawazoe S.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
And 5 more authors.
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2011
AIM: To identify factors associated with the age at onset of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Five hundred and fifty-six consecutive patients positive for HCV antibody and treatmentnaïve HCC diagnosed between 1995 and 2004 were analyzed. Patients were classified into three groups according to age at HCC onset: < 60 years (n = 79), 60-79 years (n = 439), or ≥ 80 years (n = 38). Differences among groups in terms of sex, body mass index (BMI), lifestyle characteristics, and liver function were assessed. Factors associated with HCC onset in patients < 60 or ≥ 80 years were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Significant differences emerged for sex, BMI, degree of smoking and alcohol consumption, mean bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) levels, prothrombin activity, and platelet counts. The mean BMI values of male patients > 60 years old were lower and mean BMI values of female patients < 60 years old were higher than those of the general Japanese population. BMI > 25 kg/m 2 [hazard ratio (HR), 1.8, P = 0.045], excessive alcohol consumption (HR, 2.5, P = 0.024), male sex (HR, 3.6, P = 0.002), and GGT levels > 50 IU/L (HR, 2.4, P = 0.014) were independently associated with HCC onset in patients < 60 years. Low ALT level was the only factor associated with HCC onset in patients aged ≥ 80 years. CONCLUSION: Increased BMI is associated with increased risk for early HCC development in HCV-infected patients. Achieving recommended BMI and reducing alcohol intake could help prevent hepatic carcinogenesis. © 2011 Baishideng.
Mannen K.,Saga Medical School |
Mannen K.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
Tsunada S.,Saga Medical School |
Hara M.,Saga Medical School |
And 11 more authors.
Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2010
Purpose: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) technique has facilitated en bloc removal of widely spread lesions from the stomach. This retrospective study aimed to determine factors associated with serious complications of ESD. Methods: Between December 2001 and March 2007, we have performed ESD for 478 lesions in 436 patients. We experienced 39 patients with post-operative bleeding and 17 patients with perforation. Risk factors of patients who received ESD in gastric mucosal tumors for complications were evaluated, focusing on resected size, location, scar lesions, operation time, and experience of endoscopists. We evaluated the patients' background characteristics including sex, age, body mass index (kg/m 2), drug history of anticoagulant, and underlying diseases including cerebrovascular disorder, ischemic heart disease, liver dysfunction, renal dysfunction, hyperuricemia, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Results: Multivariate analysis indicated a risk factor for perforation was long operation time. Multivariate analysis indicated a significant risk factor for post-operative bleeding was size of the resected tumor. Conclusions: This study indicated risk factors for serious complications of ESD. Large resected tumor size was a risk factor for post-operative bleeding, while long operation time was a risk factor for perforation. Information regarding operation risk factors should be useful for planning strategies for ESD. © 2009 Springer.
Tominaga M.,Saga Prefectural Hospital
Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society | Year: 2010
An 80-year-old man visited our hospital for the treatment of an anterior chest wall eruption from February 2007 and presented with dull pain in August 2007. He was referred to our department because chest CT showed the formation of an abscess from the subcutaneous area to the thoracic wall. Histological findings obtained from CT-guided biopsy revealed epithelioid granuloma without caseous necrosis, but both acid-fast bacteria and bacteriologic culture obtained from aspirated fluid samples were negative. Antituberculous therapy was selected because a tuberculous abscess was strongly suspected. However, the patient discontinued treatment soon after therapy began. He visited our hospital again for chest pain due to rupture of the abscess in October 2007. The pathological findings obtained from a second biopsy gave the same results, and antituberculosis therapy was restarted. However, his CT findings had worsened by August 2008, and a third biopsy was performed. Histopathologically, we diagnosed mucormycosis based on the findings of fungal hyphae, with broad, irregular branching at right angles. Thereafter, liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB) was given intravenously and the abscess markedly improved. Excision was then performed, followed by adjuvant L-AMB administration, and there has been no recurrence to date.
PubMed | Saga University, Cancer Institute Hospital of Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Cancer Chemotherapy Center, The Cancer Institute and 3 more.
Type: | Journal: Pathology oncology research : POR | Year: 2017
KRAS mutations have been recognized as predictive markers of primary resistance to anti-EGFR-antibodies in colorectal cancer patients. In addition, newly detected KRAS mutations have been reported to be related with acquired resistance to chemotherapy containing anti-EGFR antibody. Considering this evidence, monitoring of KRAS mutations is indispensable for making treatment decisions, and the method should be non-invasive allowing repeated examinations. Recently, we established a novel automated sensitive detection system for KRAS mutations, named mutation-biased PCR quenching probe system (MBP-QP). The goal of our study was to investigate the potential for monitoring KRAS mutations during treatment with anti-EGFR antibodies. The detection limit of MBP-QP using a control plasmid containing KRAS mutations was 1-9 copies, and 0.05-0.3% mutant plasmid was detectable in a mixture of wild type and mutants. One-hundred twenty colorectal cancer patients were genotyped for KRAS mutations with MBP-QP as well as polymerase chain reaction reverse sequence-specific oligonucleotide (PCR-rSSO), which has already been applied to cancer tissue samples in the clinical setting. Concordance rates between plasma DNA and cancer tissues were 68% with MBP-QP and 66% with PCR-rSSO, indicating that these systems are equivalent in terms of detecting KRAS mutations with plasma DNA. KRAS mutations in plasma DNA were frequently observed in systemic metastatic cancer patients, and in three patients KRAS mutations appeared after chemotherapy containing anti-EGFR antibody. A prospective study is needed for clarifying whether KRAS mutations detected in plasma DNA are predictive markers of treatment efficacy with anti-EGFR antibody.
Mori D.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
Akashi M.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
Baba K.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
Morito K.,Saga Prefectural Hospital |
And 5 more authors.
Pathology Research and Practice | Year: 2013
A case of gastric undifferentiated carcinoma with diffuse c-kit overexpression and focal neuroendocrine differentiation is described. A 76-year-old man presented appetite loss for 1 month. Gastric endoscopy showed an exophytic huge nodular mass with central ulceration at the gastric prepylorus. Distal gastrectomy was performed with lymph node dissection. Histology indicated anaplastic medium- to large-sized round tumor cells in discohesive sheets. Adenocarcinomatous areas forming tubular glands or with intracytoplasmic mucin on PAS and Alcian-blue staining were not found in any sections. Immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor cells were diffusely positive for cytokeratin, vimentin, c-kit and focally positive for chromogranin A and synaptophysin.We hypothesized that c-kit overexpression of this tumor was attributed to neuroendocrine differentiation. © 2013 Elsevier GmbH.
PubMed | Saga Prefectural Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Pathology, research and practice | Year: 2013
A case of gastric undifferentiated carcinoma with diffuse c-kit overexpression and focal neuroendocrine differentiation is described. A 76-year-old man presented appetite loss for 1 month. Gastric endoscopy showed an exophytic huge nodular mass with central ulceration at the gastric prepylorus. Distal gastrectomy was performed with lymph node dissection. Histology indicated anaplastic medium- to large-sized round tumor cells in discohesive sheets. Adenocarcinomatous areas forming tubular glands or with intracytoplasmic mucin on PAS and Alcian-blue staining were not found in any sections. Immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor cells were diffusely positive for cytokeratin, vimentin, c-kit and focally positive for chromogranin A and synaptophysin. We hypothesized that c-kit overexpression of this tumor was attributed to neuroendocrine differentiation.
PubMed | Kyushu University and Saga Prefectural Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of medical ultrasonics (2001) | Year: 2016
We used color Doppler ultrasonography (US) to evaluate bowel wall thickening in ulcerative colitis and to determine the value of this modality in this application. Twelve patients (6 men and 6 women) with ulcerative colitis underwent both gray-scale and color Doppler US. Bowel wall thickness and wall echotexture were recorded by gray-scale US, and the presence of intramural color Doppler flow and arterial signal were evaluated by color Doppler US. Color Doppler flow was graded as weak or abundant, and resistive index was calculated; clinical severity of disease activity was also graded, and serum CRP level was measured. Variation in serum CRP levels and intramural color Doppler flow according to clinical severity, and the correlations between serum CRP levels and the number of blood flow signals were statistically significant. In 10 of the 12 patients, analysis of the Doppler waveform showed an arterial blood flow signal, and mean resistive index value was determined to be 0.550. We thus conclude that information provided by gray-scale and color Doppler US is useful in evaluating bowel wall thickening in ulcerative colitis.