Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 4.05M | Year: 2013
Finding novel solutions for energy storage is of high societal relevance, since it is a prerequisite for the turnaround from fossil fuels and nuclear power to energy from renewable sources, since these sources mostly are intermittent. Also for providing an ecological friendly mobility, high capacity energy storage solutions are urgently needed. Well trained experts in energy storage are a prerequisite of the necessary technological development. ECOSTORE contributes to these targets by training 12 ESRs and 3 ERs in materials science and use of novel metal hydrides for energy storage chemical, as hydrogen, and electrochemical, in batteries. The fellows will be trained in scientific skills by pursuing own research projects (leading to a PhD in the case of ESR) as well as in complementary skills, important for their future career in academia or industry, like management of scientific and technical projects, science-public communication and development of their own career and personality. ECOSTORE is an international network of partners each with high reputation in the field of hydrogen and electrochemical storage. 9 European research institutions, 3 European industrial companies, and 2 Associated Partners from Japanese Universities form a network of complementary scientific and techno-economical expertise. Novel borohydride- and nitride based materials may allow for high energy storage densities in terms of both hydrogen and electrochemical processes. For commercial introduction, a prerequisite is the cost efficient large scale production from abundant and relatively cheap raw materials, going from extremely pure chemicals and laboratory-scale to less pure raw materials and industrial scale. ECOSTORE aims at the scientific understanding of materials behaviour in hydrogen as well as in electrochemical processes, and, based on this, at scale-up of cost effective materials production, and at prototype testing to perform a techno-economical evaluation of the developments
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST.2011.1.1-4. | Award Amount: 7.39M | Year: 2012
For many transport modes, energy reduction strategies can be effectively formulated at the level of the vehicle or vessel. New technologies can therefore be introduced to a vehicle and the direct energy savings can be readily quantified. However, such approach is not suitable to be employed for urban rail, where it is not sufficient to consider only the energy performance of vehicles; the energy associated with the infrastructure, as well as the influence of the mode of operation are to be considered too. In other words, urban rail systems are complex environments and their energy consumption is characterised by a wide range of inter-dependent factors. This means that it is often extremely difficult to assess the net benefits of introducing new energy saving technologies. For example, whilst a new technology might yield improvements in certain respects, it might also compromise other aspects of system performance. What is needed, and what has been lacking so far, is a holistic approach for the reduction of energy consumption for urban rail systems embracing vehicles, infrastructure and operation, as is proposed by OSIRIS. The project will start from the definition of Key Performance Indicators and Standard Duty Cycles to measure energy consumption in urban rail systems. Then, rather than focussing only on specific technologies, it will address the issue from the system-level ensuring that progresses on energy reduction are substantial. The effectiveness of solutions and their full potential will be proven by means of simulations and pilot tests. OSIRIS will introduce the entire discovered knowledge into a Decision Support Tool, for strategic decision making of companies (i.e., operators) and governments (i.e., public authorities). OSIRIS is fully aligned with the political ambitions of the Framework Program described in activity 7.2 - SUSTAINABLE SURFACE TRANSPORT of the FP7 4th call, topic SST.2011.1.1-4: Energy consumption reduction in urban rail systems.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: GV-2-2014 | Award Amount: 8.00M | Year: 2015
Innovation in the automotive industry is of pivotal importance for Europeans prosperity. OSEM-EV will provide solutions for better autonomy and predictable range to address todays car buyers concern about electro mobility. Just increasing the battery capacity is not a viable option because the expectation is to have a familiar level of comfort and safe, eco and human oriented mobility at affordable costs. OSEM-EV will translate the foreseen project innovations into a customer value proposition. The highest priority is improved mileage and predictable range without adding further cost and weight. The negative impact of high and low ambient temperatures will be limited. Cars autonomy will be increased due to a reduction of at least 50% of energy used for passenger comfort and at least 30% for component cooling in extreme conditions compared to current FEVs. The consortium will focus on thermal and coupled electro-thermal energy substitution and harvesting and smart energy usage for cooling and heating of the passenger compartment and in-car infrastructure. OSEM-EV goes for novel electro-thermal architectures and control algorithms including thermal insulation, thermal storage, innovative heating and cooling approaches applied to the powertrain (battery, inverter and motor), battery life duration enhancement as a side effect of thermal management, electronic control of energy and power flows, energy efficiency of electrified accessories, energy substitution and harvesting functions. The consortium will take a radical approach, which does not only rely on improving the efficiency of subsystems but also focuses on their interoperability. By creating an electro-thermal network, most of the energy shall be reutilized, no matter if stored in mechanical, electrical or thermal form.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: JTI-CS | Phase: JTI-CS-2013-2-SGO-02-082 | Award Amount: 571.80K | Year: 2014
Traditionally, aircraft power system use passive power converter coupled with NiCad battery to provide power to 28Vdc buses from main AC network. This solution is very mature, but power quality from this architecture is low and impact avionics loads designs and overall system reliability. Recent progress in power electronics and lithium ion batteries allows higher power density compared to traditional passive approach. The new solutions allow considerable performances enhancement and weight/volume savings (feeder, loads) and better reliability at aircraft level. Management of lithium battery charge and discharge imposes multiples protections in order to insure a proper behavior during all possible scenarios and to ensure safety, even during abusive conditions. No break power transfer coordination is also a challenge at architecture level. The main objectives of this study is to optimization the ratio weight / volume (at system level) of active power conversion system coupled with li-ion energy storage, including mutualisation of function such as battery charger and TRU. This optimisation will also improve battery expected life, keeping the functionality of a no break Power transfer 28Vdc. In addition, this project can demonstrate benefits of a modular battery system concept, combining battery modules to subsystems and systems on demand. This leads to a high flexibility and interchange ability of battery modules.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: NMP-17-2014 | Award Amount: 7.97M | Year: 2015
Lithium sulphur batteries (LSB) are viable candidate for commercialisation among all post Li-ion battery technologies due to their high theoretical energy density and cost effectiveness. Despites many efforts, there are remaining issues that need to be solved and this will provide final direction of LSB technological development. Some of technological aspects, like development of host matrices, interactions of host matrix with polysulphides and interactions between sulphur and electrolyte have been successfully developed within Eurolis project. Open porosity of the cathode, interactions between host matrices and polysulphides and proper solvatation of polysulphides turned to be important for complete utilisation of sulphur, however with this approach didnt result long term cycling. Additionally we showed that effective separation between electrodes enables stable cycling with excellent coulombic efficiency. The remaining issues are mainly connected with a stability of lithium anode during cycling, with engineering of complete cell and with questions about LSB cells implementation into commercial products (ageing, safety, recycling, battery packs). Instability of lithium metal in most of conventional electrolytes and formation of dendrites due to uneven distribution of lithium upon the deposition cause several difficulties. Safety problems connected with dendrites and low coulombic efficiency with a constant increase of inner resistance due to electrolyte degradation represent main technological challenges. From this point of view, stabilisation of lithium metal will have an impact on safety issues. Stabilised interface layer is important from view of engineering of cathode composite and separator porosity since this is important parameter for electrolyte accommodation and volume expansion adjustment. Finally the mechanism of LSB ageing can determine the practical applicability of LSB in different applications.