Sado General Hospital

Sado, Japan

Sado General Hospital

Sado, Japan
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Urashima M.,Jikei University School of Medicine | Segawa T.,Fuji City General Hospital | Okazaki M.,Sado General Hospital | Kurihara M.,Kanagawa Rehabilitation Center | And 2 more authors.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2010

Background: To our knowledge, no rigorously designed clinical trials have evaluated the relation between vitamin D and physiciandiagnosed seasonal influenza. Objective: We investigated the effect of vitamin D supplements on the incidence of seasonal influenza A in schoolchildren. Design: From December 2008 through March 2009, we conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comparing vitamin D 3 supplements (1200 IU/d) with placebo in schoolchildren. The primary outcome was the incidence of influenza A, diagnosed with influenza antigen testing with a nasopharyngeal swab specimen. Results: Influenza A occurred in 18 of 167 (10.8%) children in the vitamin D3 group compared with 31 of 167 (18.6%) children in the placebo group [relative risk (RR), 0.58; 95% CI: 0.34, 0.99; P = 0.04]. The reduction in influenza A was more prominent in children who had not been taking other vitamin D supplements (RR: 0.36; 95% CI: 0.17, 0.79; P = 0.006) and who started nursery school after age 3 y (RR: 0.36; 95% CI: 0.17, 0.78; P = 0.005). In children with a previous diagnosis of asthma, asthma attacks as a secondary outcome occurred in 2 children receiving vitamin D 3 compared with 12 children receiving placebo (RR: 0.17; 95% CI: 0.04, 0.73; P = 0.006). Conclusion: This study suggests that vitamin D3 supplementation during the winter may reduce the incidence of influenza A, especially in specific subgroups of schoolchildren. This trial was registered at as UMIN000001373. © 2010 American Society for Nutrition.

Otsuka T.,Sado General Hospital | Chang B.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Wada A.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Okazaki M.,Sado General Hospital
Journal of Medical Microbiology | Year: 2013

Antibiotic resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major concern worldwide. However, it is unclear whether resistance is associated with only a few highly prevalent clones or numerous and diverse clones. We monitored 349 healthy children and obtained nasopharyngeal cultures at five time points coinciding with health check-ups (4, 7, 10, 18 and 36 months) between 2008 and 2012. A total of 497 S. pneumoniae isolates from 257 healthy children were characterized using capsular serotyping, multilocus sequence typing and antibiotic resistance genotyping (ermB, mefA/E and pbp mutations). Among these isolates, 25 serotypes and 66 sequence types (STs) were found, including 24 new STs with 11 new alleles. Although resistance was present in a variety of ST clones, most of the clones (57/66, 86.4 %) had one specific resistant or susceptible genotype. Of 233 phenotypically penicillin-non-susceptible isolates, 196 (84.1 %) belonged to only six clones, comprising ST906B, ST23619F, ST24223F, ST37876A, ST143723F and ST33823A and their variants. We concluded that drug-resistant S. pneumoniae is associated with a limited number of highly prevalent clones that are capable of adapting to the community setting. Furthermore, we analysed the capsular gene evolution in serogroup 6. The strain ST29246D was probably the result of recombination of a 3563 bp fragment of the capsule locus acquired by an ST29246C strain from an ST906B or ST29246B strain. Compared with previous studies, our results showed a different recombination site (wciN and wzx) and a different cps profile (8-7-11), indicating that serogroup 6 strains have multiple sites for cps recombination as a mechanism of vaccine escape. © 2013 SGM.

Otsuka T.,Sado General Hospital | Chang B.,Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases | Shirai T.,Ryotsu Hospital | Iwaya A.,Ryotsu Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal | Year: 2013

Background: The first step in a bacterial disease is the establishment of nasopharyngeal carriage. Methods: We conducted a birth cohort study to identify factors associated with colonization in healthy children and evaluate the serotype distributions and resistances of Streptococcus pneumoniae/Haemophilus influenzae. Nasopharyngeal cultures were obtained from 349 subjects at 5 time points coinciding with health checkups (4, 7, 10, 18 and 36 months). Results: A total of 551 S. pneumoniae (penicillin resistance rate: 46.3%) and 301 H. influenzae (ampicillin resistance rate: 44.5%) isolates were obtained from 1654 samples. In this study, 47.5% and 60.9% of S. pneumoniae isolates were included in the serotypes of 7-and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines, respectively. Analyzing by Cox proportional hazards models, cohabiting older sibling(s) attending day-care (hazard ratios: 2.064-3.518, P < 0.001) and an early start of day-care attendance by the subjects themselves (2.259-2.439, P < 0.001) were associated with a higher risk of early colonization regardless of their susceptibility. Recent exposure to antimicrobials was also significantly associated with increased risk of colonization (odds ratios: 2.032-2.999, P < 0.001) but not with resistance rates. This data indicated that introduction of appropriate antimicrobial usage in areas of overuse of antimicrobials could contribute to lower colonization of S. pneumoniae/H. influenzae, resulting in a decrease in the absolute number of resistant isolates. Conclusions: Strategies to control transmission at day-care centers or from older sibling(s) as well as appropriate use of antimicrobials are essential for reducing colonization and the absolute number of resistant isolates. Copyright © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Tsunoda K.,National Institute of Sensory Organs | Usui T.,Niigata University | Hatase T.,Niigata University | Yamai S.,Sado General Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Retina | Year: 2012

PURPOSE: To report the clinical characteristics of occult macular dystrophy (OMD) in members of one family with a mutation of the RP1L1 gene. METHODS: Fourteen members with a p.Arg45Trp mutation in the RP1L1 gene were examined. The visual acuity, visual fields, fundus photographs, fluorescein angiograms, full-field electroretinograms, multifocal electroretinograms, and optical coherence tomographic images were examined. The clinical symptoms and signs and course of the disease were documented. RESULTS: All the members with the RP1L1 mutation except one woman had ocular symptoms and signs of OMD. The fundus was normal in all the patients during the entire follow-up period except in one patient with diabetic retinopathy. Optical coherence tomography detected the early morphologic abnormalities both in the photoreceptor inner/outer segment line and cone outer segment tip line. However, the multifocal electroretinograms were more reliable in detecting minimal macular dysfunction at an early stage of OMD. CONCLUSION: The abnormalities in the multifocal electroretinograms and optical coherence tomography observed in the OMD patients of different durations strongly support the contribution of RP1L1 mutation to the presence of this disease. © The Ophthalmic Communications Society, Inc.

Sakuma M.,Niigata University of Health and Welfare | Sakuma M.,Niigata University | Endo N.,Niigata University | Oinuma T.,Sado General Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism | Year: 2014

We conducted a survey of fracture incidences associated with senile osteoporosis in 2010 in Sado City, Niigata Prefecture, Japan, including compression vertebral fractures, hip fractures, distal radius fractures, and fractures of the proximal end of the humerus. We previously conducted a similar survey from 2004-2006 in Sado City. The purpose of the current study was to determine the incidence of osteoporotic fractures in Sado City in 2010 and to examine changes over time. We calculated the incidence of each fracture per 100,000 person-years based on the population of Sado City. Hip and vertebral fractures showed marked increases from 2004-2006, but a similar increase was not found from 2006-2010. The average age at injury increased in 2010 compared to 2004, except for fractures of the radius. Among the subjects with hip fractures, 14 % had a history of contralateral hip fracture. The percentage of patients taking medication for osteoporosis before injury was higher in 2010 compared with 2004, but these percentages were still only 7 and 13 % for those with subsequent hip and vertebral fractures, respectively. © 2013 The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer.

Sakai K.,Niigata University | Sakai K.,Kanazawa University | Hayashi S.,Niigata University | Sanpei K.,Sado General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Neuropathology | Year: 2012

We report a 75-year-old man with a 3.5-year history of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA)-related inflammation. His initial symptom was headache and sensory aphasia appeared 1 month later. BraMRI revealed features compatible with meningoencephalitis involving the right frontal, parietal and temporooccipital lobes. A brabiopsy sample from the right parietal lobe showed thickening of the leptomeninges, and granulomatous vasculitis with multinucleated giant cells and vascular Aβ deposits. No vascular lesions were evident by cerebral angiography. Serological examination revealed an elevated level of proteinase 3 anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (PR3-ANCA). The patient was treated with corticosteroids, but this was only partially and temporarily effective. Autopsy revealed marked leptomeningeal thickening with inflammatory cell infiltrates and hemosiderdeposits, many superficial predominantly small infarcts at various stages the cerebral cortex and only a few cerebral active vasculitic lesions. Immunohistochemically, CAA showing widespread Aβ-positive blood vessels with double-barrel formations was demonstrated. conclusion, we consider that, although the association of PR3-ANCA with the pathogenesis of Aβ-associated vasculitis remained unclear, the present case represents a rare example of CAA-related inflammation at the chronic stage. © 2011 Japanese Society of Neuropathology.

Oinuma T.,Sado General Hospital | Sakuma M.,Sado General Hospital | Sakuma M.,Niigata University | Endo N.,Niigata University
Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism | Year: 2010

We conducted a three-year survey of fracture incidences associated with senile osteoporosis-compression fractures of the spine, femoral neck fractures, distal radius fractures, and fractures of the proximal end of the humerus-to examine secular change. The survey was conducted between 2004 and 2006 on patients in Sado City. We calculated the incidence of each fracture based on the population of Sado City (per 100,000 person-years). Only clinical or incident fractures were diagnosed as new fractures for compression fractures of the spine. Incidence of compression fracture of the spine was the highest, followed by femoral neck fracture, distal radius fracture, and fracture of the proximal end of the humerus. The incidence of femoral neck fracture increased annually from 2004 to 2006, significantly among the elderly in their 80s (P < 0.05). Compression fracture of the spine also increased but not significantly. The incidences of distal radius fracture and fracture of the proximal end of the humerus did not increase. This increase in incidence of femoral neck fractures associated with senile osteoporosis will become an important issue for an aging society such as Japan. © 2009 The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer.

Otsuka T.,Sado General Hospital
Kansenshōgaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases | Year: 2012

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) remains the leading cause of invasive bacterial infection in Japanese children. More than 110 countries that have included Hib conjugate vaccines in their routine vaccination programs have seen dramatical decrease in the incidence of Hib infections. In Japan, the vaccine has been introduced for voluntary immunization since December 2008 and has been provided free of charge only since January 2011. This review reports the prevalence of Hib and its clones among healthy children and pediatric patients diagnosed with invasive or non-invasive Hib infections in Sado Island, Japan. Of 25 Hib isolates collected in this surveillance, 4 genotypic patterns (ST54-gBLPACR-III, ST54-gBLNAR-I/II, ST190-gBLNAS, and ST95-gBLPACR-I/II) were detected. These STs were double or triple-locus variants of each other. Under the same antimicrobial selective pressure, high prevalence of gBLPACR strain (76.0%) was confirmed in Hib isolates, while gBLPACR prevalence in nontypeable H. influenzae was very low (5.2%). These data suggested that each ST strain may be brought into Sado Island by different routes. We note that surveillance of healthy subjects to identify Hib carriers is important to understand their role in transmission of Hib.

Otsuka T.,Sado General Hospital | Yoshida K.,Sado General Hospital | Komiyama K.,Sado General Hospital | Ishikawa Y.,Sado General Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

SUMMARY: Since 2002, we have conducted a series of intervention programs in Sado Island, Japan, to increase awareness of the appropriate use of antimicrobials among public and health-care staff. The objective of our study was to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus among children in a semi-closed geographic region with controlled antimicrobial use. The average hospital visitbased rate for antimicrobial drug prescription drastically decreased from 535 per 1,000 clinic visits before the intervention programs to 45-75 per 1,000 clinic visits after the intervention programs (P < 0.0001). We obtained 1,260 clinical isolates of S. aureus from 957 pediatric outpatients aged 0-15 years between 2002 and 2010 at Sado General Hospital. The prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in the final year of the study (2010, 7.9%) was significantly lower than that in the early period of the study (2003, 23.6%; P < 0.001). All tested S. aureus isolates were susceptible to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, teicoplanin, linezolid, and vancomycin. The prevalence of gentamicinresistant S. aureus in isolates from skin lesions was significantly higher than in isolates from other lesions (41.3% versus 28.5%; P < 0.05). In conclusion, prevalence of MRSA in children in our study population could be decreased by eliminating unnecessary antimicrobial drug prescriptions.

PubMed | Sado General Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy | Year: 2017

A46 -year-old male presented with bloody stool and a descending colon tumor, as identified using colon fiberscopy. The patient did not complain of any remarkable abdominal symptoms. Computed tomography revealed descending colon tumor intussusception. We performed partial resection of the descending colon and D2 lymphadenectomy without intraoperative reduction. The descending colon was barely attached to the retroperitoneum and was mobile. The underlying tumor was type 1 and measured 8.35.8 cm. The pathology report indicated a mucinous adenocarcinoma with extension through the submucosa into the subserosa, and metastasis in 6 nearby lymph nodes(n2). Intussusception is relatively rare in adults, particularly in portions of the colon fixed to the retroperitoneum, such as the descending colon. In contrast to previous reports of descending colon intussusception caused by age-related tissue dysfunction, we report our experience with a young patient and present the results obtained.

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