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Andretta E.,General Hospital of Dolo | Simeone C.,University of Brescia | Ostardo E.,General Hospital sta. Maria Degli Angeli | Pastorello M.,Sacro Cuore Hospital Negrar | Zuliani C.,General Hospital of Mirano
Journal of the Neurological Sciences | Year: 2014

Objective Bladder dysfunctions are common in multiple sclerosis (MS) often causing the most distressing symptoms. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the effectiveness of sacral nerve modulation (SNM) in this disease.Methods We conducted an observational retrospective survey in 17 patients treated with SNM in the north-east of Italy, all complaining of bladder symptoms (storage in 41%, voiding in 24%, mixed in 35%) unresponsive to conventional therapies, with a mean follow-up of 52 ± 26 months and mean Expanded Disability Status Scale score of 5.8 ± 1.8.Results 75% of patients reported significant and lasting improvement in bladder symptoms and in quality of life. We observed a statistically significant improvement in frequency, urgency, number of pads, residual volumes, number of catheterizations and in the voided volumes. In 5 out of 6 cases with mixed symptoms the stimulation was discontinued (device totally explanted or turned off) after a mean time of 66 months (range 10-84 months) after the implant, for disease progression or loss of efficacy.Conclusion SNM could be an option in very selected cases of storage and voiding symptoms refractory to conservative treatments caused by a stable or slowly progressive MS considering its minimal invasiveness and reversibility. The poor results observed suggest avoiding this therapy in mixed symptoms and in cases of advanced disability. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Rossi P.,Parasitic and Immunomediated Diseases | Rossi P.,European Reference Laboratory for Parasites | Tamarozzi F.,University of Pavia | Tamarozzi F.,Collaborating Center for the Clinical Management of Cystic Echinococcosis | And 38 more authors.
Parasites and Vectors | Year: 2016

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic parasitic disease endemic in southern and eastern European countries. The true prevalence of CE is difficult to estimate due to the high proportion of asymptomatic carriers who never seek medical attention and to the underreporting of diagnosed cases, factors which contribute to its neglected status. In an attempt to improve this situation, the European Register of Cystic Echinococcosis (ERCE), was launched in October 2014 in the context of the HERACLES project. ERCE is a prospective, observational, multicentre register of patients with probable or confirmed CE. The first ERCE meeting was held in November 2015 at the Italian National Institute of Health (Istituto Superiore di Sanita, ISS) in Rome, to bring together CE experts currently involved in the Register activities, to share and discuss experiences, and future developments. Although the Register is still in its infancy, data collected at the time of writing this report, had outnumbered the total of national cases reported by the European endemic countries and published by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control in 2015. This confirms the need for an improved reporting system of CE at the European level. The collection of standardized clinical data and samples is expected to support a more rational, stage-specific approach to clinical management, and to help public authorities harmonize reporting of CE. A better understanding of CE burden in Europe will encourage the planning and implementation of public health policies toward its control. © 2016 Rossi et al.

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