Sacro Cuore Hospital Don Calabria

Verona, Italy

Sacro Cuore Hospital Don Calabria

Verona, Italy
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Calabria F.,CNR Institute of Molecular Bioimaging and Physiology | Chiaravalloti A.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | Ciccio C.,Sacro Cuore Hospital Don Calabria | Gangemi V.,University of Catanzaro | And 5 more authors.
Nuclear Medicine and Biology | Year: 2017

Introduction The 11C/18F–choline is a PET/CT radiopharmaceutical useful in detecting tumors with high lipogenesis. 11C/18F–choline uptake can occur in physiological conditions or tumors. The knowledge of its bio-distribution is essential to recognize physiologic variants or diagnostic pitfalls. Moreover, few information are available on the bio-distribution of this tracer in female patients. Our aim was to discuss some documented 18F–choline PET/CT pitfalls in prostate cancer patients. Our secondary aim was to describe the 18F–choline bio-distribution in the female body. Methods We collected diagnostic pitfalls in three PET centers examining 1000 prostate cancer by 18F–choline PET/CT. All pitfalls were ensured by follow-up, imaging and/or histology. We also performed whole body 18F–choline PET/CT in 5 female patients. Results 169/1000 (16.9%) patients showed pitfalls not owing to prostate cancer. These findings were due to inflammation, benign tumors while, in 1% of examined patients, a concomitant neoplasm was found. In the female body, the breast showed low physiological uptake. Conclusions The accurate knowledge of 18F–choline PET/CT bio-distribution and diagnostic pitfalls is essential. Correlative imaging and histological exam are often necessary to depict pitfalls. In women, the uptake in the breast is due to the physiological gradient of 18F–choline uptake in the exocrine glands. Advances in knowledge Our results confirm the possibility of 18F–choline uptake in several diseases other than prostate cancer. However, our experience was acquired on a large population and shows that a conspicuous amount of 18F–choline diagnostic pitfalls are easily recognizable and attributable to inflammation. A new advance in knowledge is the minimal difference in terms of physiological tracer bio-distribution between male and female patients. Implications for patient care The knowledge of the physiological bio-distribution and of the potential pitfalls linked of a tracer could help physicians to choose the best diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for a better patient quality of life. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.

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