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Colombo, Sri Lanka

The Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka is in Belihuloya, Balangoda, Sri Lanka. It was founded on 20 November 1991 and consists of five faculties.Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, from its inception in 1996, has for more than one and a half decades dedicated its mission towards nurturing scholars who could contribute to society, by broadening knowledge paradigms and imparting it to new generations of students. Universities have a vast challenge amidst rapidly changing society, and Sabaragamuwa University too, having felt this profound impact, has understood one certainty: that change is the norm and knowledge will be a key resource and will be highly sought after within Sri Lanka and around the globe.Taking up this challenge, Sabaragamuwa University helps generate intellectual abilities of students and educates and trains them to work in fields where they will be valued both for their specialized knowledge, and for their ability to research, communicate and solve problems. Geared with its outstanding staff, students, facilities and relevant academic programmes, Sabaragamuwa University holds a firm place among the universities in Sri Lanka and is building its way towards ascertaining a stronghold among the world's leading universities. Wikipedia.

Pushpa Malkanthi S.H.,Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka
International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology

This research was conducted to study the male and female farmers' contribution to cultivation and use of underutilised crops in Monergala district of Sri Lanka. Application of a quantitative research method is the distinguishing feature of this study. A field survey was conducted using a sample of 120 farmers with the help of pre-tested questionnaire to collect the data. Descriptive statistics and two sample t-tests were used to analyse the data. According to the results, male farmers are specially engaged in such agricultural practices as land preparation, protection of farmlands from wild animals and marketing of underutilised crops, while the female farmers are specially engaged in other important agricultural practices such as planting, weeding and food preparation at home. Nevertheless, both male and female farmers contribute alike to some agricultural practices. Although male farmers are significantly contributing to the underutilised crop cultivation, as a whole, female farmers' contribution is higher. Copyright © 2016 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Source

Emmel B.,University of Bergen | Lisker F.,University of Bremen | Hewawasam T.,Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka
Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth

The brittle structural inventory of southern and southwestern Sri Lanka has been studied by kinematic, mineralogical and thermochronological techniques. Thermochronological analyses of faults comprise apatite and zircon fission track (FT) data and apatite (U-Th-Sm)/He ages from fault planes and undisturbed host rocks, and range between ∼65 and ∼230 Ma. The ages of both settings are undistinguishable for topographic altitudes below ∼100 m, while fault planes from higher elevations are significantly younger than the corresponding host rocks. Thermal history modeling and qualitative interpretation of the thermochronological data identify at least five episodes of thermal overprint associated with faulting activity occurring at 159 ± 18, 144 ± 14, 120 ± 10, 94 ± 8, and 70 ± 10 Ma. The kinematic, mineralogical and thermochronological data collectively show that Sri Lanka was subjected to major N-S oriented extension subsequent to the Gondwana breakup. The resulting brittle structures exert primary control on the island's geomorphology, especially on the Southern Escarpment of the Sri Lankan Highlands. © 2012. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Source

Rathnayake R.M.W.,Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka
Journal of Coastal Conservation

This study was conducted at Uswetakeiyawa on the southwestern part of Sri Lanka. Twenty-two families, 42 genera and 52 species were recorded from the sandy shore vegetation. Approximately 3.8 % (2 species) were found to be endemic and 67.3 % (35 species) were found to be of medicinal importance. Ipomea pes-capre and Spinifex littoreus were the most abundant species at the study site. The average value for all the zone combinations was β = 0.693, and the highest similarity value was ISj = 0.276, corresponding to two non-contiguous zones. The results show that a variation in plant diversity is to be found across the gradient. The typical zoning nature of the sandy shore vegetation has been disturbed due to on-going development in Uswetakeiyawa. New policy decisions should be taken to restrict development activities in Uswetakeiyawa in order to protect the sandy shore vegetation. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht Source

Esham M.,Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka | Garforth C.,University of Reading
Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

The vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change and variability is increasingly rising. As agriculture is the only source of income for most of them, agricultural adaptation with respect to climate change is vital for their sustenance and to ensure food security. In order to develop appropriate strategies and institutional responses, it is necessary to have a clear understanding of the farmers' perception of climate change, actual adaptations at farm-level and what factors drive and constrain their decision to adapt. Thus, this study investigates the farm-level adaptation to climate change based on the case of a farming community in Sri Lanka. The findings revealed that farmers' perceived the ongoing climate change based on their experiences. Majority of them adopted measures to address climate change and variability. These adaptation measures can be categorised into five groups, such as crop management, land management, irrigation management, income diversification, and rituals. The results showed that management of non-climatic factors was an important strategy to enhance farmers' adaptation, particularly in a resource-constrained smallholder farming context. The results of regression analysis indicated that human cognition was an important determinant of climate change adaptation. Social networks were also found to significantly influence adaptation. The study also revealed that social barriers, such as cognitive and normative factors, are equally important as other economic barriers to adaptation. While formulating and implementing the adaptation strategies, this study underscored the importance of understanding socio-economic, cognitive and normative aspects of the local communities. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source

Wijewickrema C.M.,Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka
Annals of Library and Information Studies

The concept of ontologies has widely been used in various applications including email filtering and electronic news classification. It can be also used for the classification of digital documents in a library. Advancing the accuracy of classification is the main purpose of using ontologies for classification. Documents may be difficult to understand due to the vague terms used in the text. However, since ontologies represent the semantic relationships of the terms, they can be used to correctly identify the subject of a document. This study made an attempt to improve the classification accuracy of an automatic text classification system by using an ontology.Classification results given by the automatic system with and without integrating the ontology were used to evaluate the impact of the ontology for automatic classification. Results showed that 32.76% more documents and 25% more subjects were correctly classified by the ontology based system than the system prior to use of ontology. © 2014 National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). All rights reserved. Source

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