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Migliore A.,UOS of Rheumatology | Broccoli S.,CRO | Massafra U.,UOS of Rheumatology | Cassol M.,S. Pietro Fatebenefratelli Hospital | Frediani B.,University of Siena
European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences | Year: 2013

INTRODUCTION: Bisphosphonates are considered as a first-line therapy for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, showing in double-blind, randomized, controlled trials a significant reduction of incidence of new vertebral fractures compared to placebo. Recently also, Denosumab has been shown to reduce the appearance of new vertebral fractures by blocking RANK. There are not head to head comparative studies between the above mentioned drugs. Mixed treatment comparison, an extension of traditional meta-analysis, is able to compare simultaneously several drugs across a range producing a synthetic evidence of efficacy and a range of probability as to the best treatment. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to simultaneously compare alendronate, risedronate, ibandronate, zolendronate and denosumab in the prevention of OP vertebral fractures in a Bayesian meta-analysis for assessing indirect comparisons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search for randomized controlled trials involving alendronate, risedronate, ibandronate, zolendronate and denosumab was conducted using several databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a double blind treatment period of at least 3 years were included. Men and Glucorticoid Induced osteoporosis, RCTs having as primary or secondary endpoints continuous values as body mineral density (BMD) and studies comparing different dosing regimens of the same agent, which are not used in clinical practice, were excluded. Only fully published reports were considered. RESULTS: A total of 9 RCTs were identified providing data on 31,393 participants. Zolendronate had the highest probability (52%) of being the most effective treatment towards placebo, followed by denosumab (46% probability), ibandronate and then alendronate and risedronate against placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Although the mixed treatment comparisons among alendronate, risedronate, ibandronate, zolendronate and denosumab did not show a statistically significant difference, this analysis suggests that zolendronate, compared to placebo, is expected to provide the highest rate of reduction in vertebral fractures affecting osteoporosis affected patients.

Bizzi E.,UOS of Rheumatology | Massafra U.,UOS of Rheumatology | Lagana B.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Bruzzese V.,Internal Medicine and Rheumatology | And 3 more authors.
Clinical Rheumatology | Year: 2014

Several scores are currently used to estimate the radiologic progression of patients affected by rheumatoid arthritis. Modified Sharp score, Genant-modified Sharp score and van der Heijde-modified Sharp score are actually the most commonly used scores in randomized controlled trials on biologic drugs actually available in scientific literature. An intensive literature search (EMBASE, PubMed, MEDLINE) was performed in order to identify randomized controlled studies reporting on the efficacy of biologic drugs on radiologic progression in rheumatoid arthritis by means of approved scoring methods such as Sharp score variants. All studies were evaluated for their approach to radiologic outcome, and a global evaluation of trends towards radiologic evaluation was performed. Eighteen studies were identified and analyzed, and data from such randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were reported and described regarding their approach to radiologic outcomes. The use of three different scoring methodologies generated similar but non-comparable data; although a big part of the studies reported good efficacy profiles of several biologic drugs on radiologic progression, data from such studies are not comparable as the three different scoring methods are not convertible from one to another. At present, there is no standardization for the evaluation of radiologic outcomes, thus preventing comparison of results obtained by different drugs. The use of a single, standardized and widely approved scoring method would grant the possibility of comparing such data. © 2014 Clinical Rheumatology.

Caserta D.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Mallozzi M.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Meldolesi C.,S. Pietro Fatebenefratelli Hospital | Bianchi P.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Moscarini M.,University of Rome La Sapienza
Journal of Medical Case Reports | Year: 2014

Introduction. A unicornuate uterus accounts for 2.4 to 13% of all Müllerian anomalies. A unicornuate uterus with a non-communicating rudimentary horn may be associated with gynecological and obstetric complications such as infertility, endometriosis, hematometra, urinary tract anomalies, abortions, and preterm deliveries. It has a poor reproductive outcome and pregnancy management is still unclear. Case presentation. We report a case of a 26-year-old Caucasian woman presenting with a unicornuate uterus with a non-communicating rudimentary horn. The diagnosis of the anomaly was based on two-dimensional and three-dimensional sonography. The excision of her symptomatic rudimentary horn and her ipsilateral fallopian tube was performed laparoscopically. The growth of the fetus was normal. At 20 weeks' pregnancy, her cervix started shortening and a tocolytic therapy was started. A cesarean delivery was successfully performed at 39 weeks and 4 days' gestation. Conclusions: Although the reproductive outcome of women with unicornuate uterus is poor, a successful pregnancy is possible. Routine excision of the rudimentary horn should be undertaken during non-pregnant state laparoscopically, and it would be necessary to screen such pregnancies for the development of intrauterine growth retardation with serial ultrasound assessments of the estimated fetal weight and the cervix length. © 2014 Caserta et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Caserta D.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Bordi G.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Stegagno M.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Stegagno M.,Neonatal Unit Of S Pietro Fatebenefratelli Hospital | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Biology | Year: 2014

Objective To compare maternal and perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies conceived via assisted reproductive techniques (ART) compared with spontaneous twin pregnancies. Study design This retrospective study examined 345 dichorionic, di-amniotic twin pregnancies (207 conceived spontaneously and 138 conceived via ART), delivered between January 2007 and June 2011 at the San Pietro Fatebenefratelli Hospital, Rome, a tertiary medical centre. Maternal and perinatal outcomes were compared. A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate risk estimates as odds ratios (OR) adjusted for maternal age, parity and systemic diseases. Patient data were obtained from a computerized database and analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Version 17. Results Gestational age and birth weight were lower in the ART group, and preterm delivery, gestational diabetes and placental abruption were higher in the ART group compared with the spontaneous conception group. The incidence rates of respiratory complications, patent ductus arteriosus and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit were higher among ART newborns. Length of hospital stay for mothers and newborns was longer in the ART group. No differences in mode of delivery, Apgar score at 5 min, congenital anomalies, perinatal mortality, and other considered pregnancy and neonatal complications were found between the two groups. Multivariate analysis adjusted for maternal age, parity and systemic diseases revealed that only the rates of placental abruption [OR 7.45, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.05-26.98] and patent ductus arteriosus (OR 3.39, 95% CI 1.01-11.46) were significantly higher for the ART group. Conclusions Twin pregnancies conceived via ART are at greater risk of poorer outcomes than spontaneous twin pregnancies. This may be related to the type of conception and specific negative features of subfertile patients undergoing infertility treatment. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Migliore A.,S. Pietro Fatebenefratelli Hospital
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences | Year: 2013

We developed a standardized technique for ultrasound guided intra-articular injection of the hip joint with the purpose of extending routine intra-articular injection of hyaluronans and steroids to the hip, as commonly used in the knee. In this article we report the safety of this technique in an extended series of patients. Patients were injected supine with an anterosuperior approach under ultrasound guidance. The Us probe is applied with a target device for biopsy. The standardised technique was used to inject 1906 patients with 4002 injections of hyaluronan products over a four-year period. The treatment was well tolerated with few, and exclusively local, side effects. The administration of hyaluronans under ultrasound-guided intra-articular injection is a safe technique for treatment of rheumatic diseases of the hip.

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