Sternberg C.N.,San Camillo Forlanini Hospital |
Calabro F.,San Camillo Forlanini Hospital |
Bracarda S.,San Donato Hospital |
Carteni G.,AORN A Cardarelli |
And 17 more authors.
Oncology (Switzerland) | Year: 2015
Objectives: Patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) received sunitinib in a global expanded-access program (EAP). Here, we report the efficacy and safety results for the EAP subpopulation in Italy. Methods: Patients ≥18 years old with previously treated or treatment-naïve mRCC received oral sunitinib 50 mg/day on a 4-weeks-on/2-weeks-off schedule. Tumor measurements were scheduled per local practice (using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors). Safety was regularly assessed. Results: A total of 521 patients participated, including 40% aged ≥65 years, 11% with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≥2, 14% with non-clear cell RCC, and 11% with brain metastases. The median treatment duration and posttreatment follow-up were 7.4 and 12.3 months, respectively. The objective response rate was 12%, and the median progression-free and overall survival was 9.1 and 27.2 months, respectively. 514 patients (99%) discontinued treatment; reasons included death (17%), nonresponse (46%), or adverse events (AEs; 13%). The most common any-grade treatment-related AEs were asthenia (44%, plus 15% reporting fatigue), thrombocytopenia and stomatitis (both 37%), diarrhea (36%), mucosal inflammation (29%), hypertension (26%), and dysgeusia (25%). The most common grade 3/4 treatment-related AEs were thrombocytopenia (10%), asthenia (9%, plus 3% reporting fatigue), neutropenia, stomatitis (both 6%), and hypertension (5%). Conclusion: In a large population of Italian mRCC patients, sunitinib had a manageable safety profile and encouraging efficacy. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.