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Makedonska Kamenica, Macedonia

Angelovska S.,RZ Tehnicka Kontrola | Stafilov T.,Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje | Sajn R.,Geological Survey of Slovenia | Balabanova B.,Goce Delcev University of Stip
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology | Year: 2016

Moss species (Homalothecium lutescens, Hypnum cupressiforme, Brachythecium glareosum, and Campthotecium lutescens) were used as suitable sampling media for biomonitoring the origin of heavy-metal pollution in the lead–zinc (Pb–Zn) mine “Toranica” near the Kriva Palanka town, Eastern Macedonia. The contents of 20 elements—silver (Ag), aluminum (Al), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), calcium (Ca), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), potassium (K), lithium (Li), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), sodium (Na), nickel (Ni), Pb, strontium (Sr), vanadium (V), and (Zn) were determined by atomic emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma. Data processing was applied with combinations of multivariate statistical methods: factor analysis, principal component analysis, and cluster analysis. Moss’ responsiveness to the atmospheric distribution of the selected elements was investigated in correlation to the specific geology of the region (soil dusting). Lithogenic distribution was characterized with the distribution of three dominant geochemical associations: F1: Al–Li–V–Cr–Ni–Co, F2: Ba–Ca–Sr, and F3: Cd–Zn–Pb–Cu. Spatial distribution was constructed for visualization of the factor deposition. Furthermore, air distribution (passive biomonitoring) versus soil geochemistry of the analyzed elements was examined. Significant correlations were singled out for Pb, Zn, and Cd and for Mg(moss)/Na(soil). Characteristic lithological anomaly characterized the presence of the oldest geological volcanic rocks. Zone 1 (Pb–Zn mine surrounding) presents a unique area with hydrothermal action of Pb–Zn mineralization leading to polymetallic enrichments in soil. This phenomenon strongly affects the environment, which is a natural geochemical imprint in this unique area (described with the strong dominance of the geochemical association Cd–Zn–Pb–Cu). © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York Source

Popov S.I.,RZ Tehnicka Kontrola | Stafilov T.,The Saints | Sajn R.,Geological Survey of Slovenia | Tanaselia C.,Research Institute for Analytical Instrumentation ICIA | Baceva K.,RZ Tehnicka Kontrola
The Scientific World Journal | Year: 2014

A systematic study was carried out to investigate the distribution of fifty-six elements in the water samples from river Vardar (Republic of Macedonia and Greece) and its major tributaries. The samples were collected from 27 sampling sites. Analyses were performed by mass spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma (ICP-MS) and atomic emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma (ICP-AES). Cluster and R mode factor analysis (FA) was used to identify and characterise element associations and four associations of elements were determined by the method of multivariate statistics. Three factors represent the associations of elements that occur in the river water naturally while Factor 3 represents an anthropogenic association of the elements (Cd, Ga, In, Pb, Re, Tl, Cu, and Zn) introduced in the river waters from the waste waters from the mining and metallurgical activities in the country. © 2014 Stanko Ilić Popov et al. Source

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