Goto T.,Ryutsu Keizai University |
Tsuchida K.,Toyo University
Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology | Year: 2016
Many kinds of open source software (OSS) are used to develop software or systems. In order to develop software using existing forms of OSS, developers have to understand them. However some OSS lacks adequate documentation for its source code. Program diagrams, many of which have been recently proposed, can enhance the understanding of software or systems but developers cannot properly understand these diagrams without clear notations. In this paper, will discuss the importance of and principles for annotating package diagrams by analyzing case research and several case studies in this field. © 2016 IEEE.
Goto K.,Waseda University |
Maemura H.,Tsukuba Center Inc. |
Takamatsu K.,Ryutsu Keizai University |
Ishii N.,University of Tokyo
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research | Year: 2011
Intramuscular carnosine buffers protons (H+) in skeletal muscle. We examined the effects of supplementation with chicken breast meat extract (CBEX) containing carnosine and anserine on hormonal responses to resistance exercise. Twenty-two men were assigned to a CBEX drink group (CBEX containingtotal 2 g of carnosine and anserine) (n = 14) or a placebo drink group (n = 8). The subjects ingested the prescribed drink (100 mL) twice daily for 30 days without physical training. Before and after the supplementation period, the subjects completed 5 sets of bilateral knee extension exercises (with a 90-s rest between sets). The magnitude of the increase in exerciseinduced free testosterone did not change significantly after supplementation ineither group. The blood lactate response to exercise was attenuated after supplementation in both groups (p < 0.05). In the CBEX group, the plasmaepinephrine and norepinephrine concentrations after exercise were significantly lower after supplementation (p < 0.05). The serum growth hormone response to exercise was also reduced in the CBEX group after supplementation (delta value: 5.4±1.9 ng/mL [pre] vs. 1.6±0.5 ng/mL [post],p = 0.05). No significant differences in exercise-induced strength reduction (fatigue index) were observed in the 2 groups after supplementation. These results suggest that short-term supplementation with CBEX attenuates the exercise-induced epinephrine, norepinephrine, and growth hormone responses. ©2011 National Strength and Conditioning Association.
Zempo-Miyaki A.,Ryutsu Keizai University
Journal of Human Hypertension | Year: 2015
Regular exercise improves aging-induced deterioration of arterial stiffness, and is associated with elevated production of pentraxin 3 (PTX3) and anti-inflammatory as well as anti-atherosclerotic effects. However, the time-dependent effect of exercise training on arterial stiffness and PTX3 production remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the time course of the association between the effects of training on the circulating PTX3 level and arterial stiffness in middle-aged and older adults. Thirty-two healthy Japanese subjects (66.2±1.3 year) were randomly divided into two groups: training (exercise intervention) and sedentary controls. Subjects in the training group completed 8 weeks of aerobic exercise training (60–70% peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) for 45 min, 3 days per week); during the training period, we evaluated plasma PTX3 concentration and carotid–femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) every 2 wk. cfPWV gradually declined over the 8-week training period, and was significantly reduced after 6 and 8 week of exercise intervention (P<0.05). Plasma PTX3 level was significantly increased after 4 weeks of the intervention (P<0.05). In addition, the exercise training–induced reduction in cfPWV was negatively correlated with the percent change in plasma PTX3 level after 6 week (r=−0.54, P<0.05) and 8 weeks (r=−0.51, P<0.05) of the intervention, but not correlated at 4 weeks. Plasma PTX3 level was elevated at the early stage of the exercise training intervention, and was subsequently associated with training-induced alteration of arterial stiffness in middle-aged and older adults.Journal of Human Hypertension advance online publication, 15 October 2015; doi:10.1038/jhh.2015.105. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited
Ishii N.,Ryutsu Keizai University
Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging | Year: 2015
Exaggerated elevation of systolic blood pressure (SBP) during exercise is a risk factor for future cardiovascular disease. Although there are differences between the outdoor exercise and exercise tests in the laboratory setting, there is little information regarding SBP changes during practical outdoor exercise. We investigated SBP changes during self-paced outdoor walking and the relationship to air temperature. Subjects (n = 109, 47-83 years) walked outdoors at their own pace wearing a blood pressure monitor on their wrist. SBP increased during walking compared to rest, but was higher at the 1 km mark than both the 2 and 3 km marks (rest, 124 ± 14 mmHg; 1 km, 140 ± 16 mmHg; 2 km, 136 ± 18 mmHg; 3 km, 135 ± 18 mmHg). SBP at rest, air temperature, body mass index (BMI) and walking intensity during the first 1 km were identified as predictors of SBP at the 1 km mark in the stepwise regression analysis, independent of other confounders (R2 = 0·606). SBP at the 1 km mark was higher in the lower temperature group (11·6-14·3°C, 145 ± 14 mmHg) than in the intermediate (15·1-16·7°C, 140 ± 18 mmHg) and higher (17·0-19·6°C, 136 ± 16 mmHg) temperature groups, independent of SBP at rest, BMI and walking intensity. These results suggest that increases in SBP are higher on lower temperature days and are greater at 1 km than at 2 and 3 km. It is therefore recommended that measures are taken against the cold on lower temperature days to attenuate the SBP response during onset of walking. © 2015 Scandinavian Society of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine.
Ikawa N.,Ryutsu Keizai University
International Journal of Wavelets, Multiresolution and Information Processing | Year: 2013
The auditory brainstem response (ABR) is widely used as an index to assist hearing and brain function diagnoses. In particular, in clinical applications, the rapid detection of ABR peak characteristics is required. One approach to improving the speed of detection is to decrease the number of signal averaging procedures while denoising during the detection of ABR waveforms; another approach is to extract the characteristics of ABR waveform components. In our previous study, to represent ABR waveform components, we obtained not only the frequency characteristics of an ABR but also the frequency characteristics of each component of the ABR based on the time (latency). Using a one-dimensional discrete wavelet transform (DWT) in this latency-frequency analysis, we described an approximate method of reproducing ABR signals with a low SNR from observed values obtained with a smaller number of averaging procedures. At the same time, using this multiple-level frequency decomposition of ABR signals according to the known frequency content of the ABR, we extracted the peak latency of the fast component of the ABR using fewer averagings of the ABR data. From these decomposition and reconstruction results for ABR signals, we proposed the optimal decomposition level of the ABR and explained how we used the waveform of the ABR reconstructed by the inverse DWT (IDWT). In this paper, we propose a method of automated averaging of the ABR using the waveform reconstructed by discrete wavelet multiresolution analysis (MRA). Our proposed method will be useful for the fast detection of ABR latency characteristics in hearing screening test. © 2013 World Scientific Publishing Company.