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Bhopal, India

Nayak M.P.,RVSKVV | Kulshrestha A.,MGCGVV | Sen S.K.,MGCGVV
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research | Year: 2014

The studies were conducted in six villages of Ganj Basoda block of Vidisha district (Madhya Pradesh). It is indicated that cent percent chickpea producers expressed the problems of increased insect pest incidence enforced them to use excess insecticide dosages for their management, Farmers also felt that their inability to read the instruction given by manufactures on the label of containers, difficulty of diagnosis of insect pest, adulteration and inefficacy of the insecticides, lack of knowledge about IPM technology, insecticides application equipments, mixing of two or more insecticides/chemicals and technical guidance made them to deviate from the optimum use of insecticide. Organising more number of extension programes like trainings kisan melas, field days, seminars, workshop, interface, demonstrations and regular visits on farmers filed by scientist and extension personnel, checking of adulteration efficacy of the insecticides,and development of insect pest tolerance varieties is requires. Awareness of farmers in respect of natural enemies of insect pest, broadcasting and telecasting radio and television programmes on optimum / need based use of insecticides and hazardous of indiscriminate use of insecticide and need of timely technical guidance were some of the suggestions expressed by chickpea producers. Source

Rajput B.S.,Krishi Vigyan Kendra | Gautam U.S.,ICAR Zonal Project Diractorate Zone IVth | Dhakad R.,DOGR | Chaudhary A.,RVSKVV
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2015

Growth observations were recorded in significantly the maximum plant height (cm.) of plot was noticed in the plot obtained Phosphorus 75 kg. per hectare and FYM 5 t/ha and inoculation of seed with PSB. The branches per plant were found to be maximum with application of Phosphorus 75kg. per hectare and FYM 5tone per hectare and inoculation of feed with PSB. Seed yield and yield contributing characters like pods per plant and seed yield per hectare were found significantly maximum with application 75 kg. per hectare Phosphorus, FYM 5 tones per hectare and inoculation of seed with PSB. As regard to the inoculation effect P3F]B1 treatment combination i.e. application of 75kg. per hectare Phosphorus along with 5tone per hectare FYM and inoculation of seed with PSB, gave maximum seed yield of Cowpea and found statically at Par with the P2F1B1 treatment combination (application of 50 kg. P2O5 5tone FYM and seed inoculation with PSB). © Copyright EM International. Source

Rajput B.S.,Krishi Vigyan Kendra | Gautam U.S.,ICAR Zonal Project Diractorate Zone IVth | Dhakad R.,DOGR | Chaudhary A.,RVSKVV
Ecology, Environment and Conservation | Year: 2015

As regards to the interaction effect out of the total Sixteen treatment combinations treatment T16 i.e. P3 F1 B1application of 75kg Phosphorus along with FYM @ 5tone and inoculation of seed with PSB, found significantly the better in respect of growth the Plant and seed yield in cowpea. However, treatment T14 (P2F1 B1 in application of 50kg P2 O5, 5 tones FYM and seed inoculation with PSB showed statistically at par results in all respects. The application of Phosphorus, FYM and PSB gave significantly results in respect of seed yield of cowpea per hectare. Further, significantly the maximum (18.51 per ha) seed yield of cowpea has been produced by the plant supplied with 75kg P2 O5, 5 tone FYM and seed inoculation with PSB (P3 F1B1) whereas it was reported minimum (12.12q/ha), seed yield of cowpea per hectare by the control treatment combination (P0 F0 B0). Treatment T16 significantly the maximum (18.51q/ha) seed yield of cowpea. Gross Monetary returns (Rs.46275), Net monetary return (Rs. 25063) and B: C ratio (2.18) was registered by the treatment T16 (application of 75kg P2O5,5 tone FYM and seed inoculation with PSB). However, it was noticed statistically at par with the treatment T (application of 50kg P2O5, 5 tones FYM and seed inoculation with PSB), Where in Gross monetary returns (Rs.44600), Net Monetary return (Rs.23625) and B: C ratio (2:12) was recorded. © Copyright EM International. Source

Sinha N.K.,Indian Institute of Science | Chopra U.K.,Indian Agricultural Research Institute | Singh A.K.,RVSKVV | Mohanty M.,Indian Institute of Science | And 2 more authors.
National Academy Science Letters | Year: 2014

Soil physical quality is one of the three important aspects of soil quality, besides biological and chemical quality. Decline in soil physical quality can have serious consequences on biological and chemical properties thereby making it relevant to study soil physical quality for maintaining soil health in long run. Changes in this property of soil affect the productivity of crops. In this investigation, Dexter S theory has been applied to evaluate the soil physical quality in maize-wheat system under two tillage/land configurations namely raised bed planting (BP) and conventional tillage (CT) and nine nutrient treatments viz (1) T1 - control (crop without fertilizer), (2) T2 - 100 % recommended dose of nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P) and potassium (K), (3) T3 - 100 % NPK (25 % N substituted by farmyard manure (FYM)), (4) T4 - 100 % NPK + green manure (Sesbania), (5) T5 - 100 % NPK (25 % N substituted by biofertilizer), (6) T6 - 100 % NPK (25 % N substituted by sewage sludge), (7) T7 - 100 % NPK + crop residue incorporated (from previous crop), (8) T8 - 100 % organic source (50 % FYM + 25 % bio-fertilizer + 25 % crop residue), and (9) T9 - no crop no fertilizer; were identified for this study. BP significantly improved the soil physical quality compared to CT. Within nutrient treatments, S index was highest in T8 followed by the T5, whereas lowest in T 1. There is high and significant correlation between S index and soil physical parameter and crop yield which shows that S index can be used effectively for quantifying soil physical quality under diverse environments vis-à-vis crop yield. © 2014 The National Academy of Sciences, India. Source

Bansal G.R.,RVSKVV | Singh V.P.,Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwa Vidyalaya Evam Go Anusandhan Sansthan | Sachan N.,Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwa Vidyalaya Evam Go Anusandhan Sansthan
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2011

Probiotic feeding leads to the development of stable type of micro flora which helps the bird to resist infections noticeably in the intestinal tract and helps in several ways. With this objective present study was under taken to evaluate the effect of probiotic on performance of commercial broiler chicks. In study two groups one without probiotic (P0) and another with Probiotic (P) supplementation were considered for the study. The experiment consisted of two replicates for probiotic groups. The performance of broiler was evaluated in terms of growth, feed efficiency and percent mortality at 6th week of age. Data were analyzed on survivor and equal number of bird's per subclass basis. Analysis of variance revealed that the difference between replicates were not significant for the different traits under study as such all subsequent analysis was performed on combined sex basis. Inclusion of probiotic in diet also affected highly significantly both the sexes for this age of body weight. Broiler group fed with, diet P (with Probiotic) were significantly heavier than the group fed with, diet P0 (without Probiotic). The inclusion of probiotics showed increased feed efficiency, better quality of broiler meat. The probiotic exerted highly significant effect on 2nd, 3rd and 5th weekly feed efficiency and also on overall feed efficiency. Overall performance of the broilers feded with the diet containing probiotics was found better in terms of feed efficiency, growth and meat quality. It might be due to suppressive effect of probiotic on unwanted organism and promotion of health status of the broilers. © 2011 Knowledgia Review, Malaysia. Source

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