Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, , commonly referred to as Rutgers University, Rutgers, or RU, is an American public research university and the largest institution for higher education in New Jersey.Originally chartered as Queen's College on November 10, 1766, Rutgers is the eighth-oldest college in the United States and one of the nine "Colonial Colleges" founded before the American Revolution. The college was renamed Rutgers College in 1825 in honor of Colonel Henry Rutgers , a New York City landowner, philanthropist and former military officer, whose generous donation to the school allowed it to reopen after years of financial difficulty. For most of its existence, Rutgers was a private liberal arts college affiliated with the Dutch Reformed Church and admitted only male students. The college expanded its role in research and instruction in agriculture, engineering, and science when it was named as the state's sole land-grant college in 1864 under the Morrill Act of 1862. It gained university status in 1924 with the introduction of graduate education and further expansion. However, Rutgers evolved into a coeducational public research university after being designated "The State University of New Jersey" by the New Jersey Legislature in laws enacted in 1945 and 1956. It is one of only two colonial colleges that later became public universities.Rutgers has three campuses located throughout New Jersey. The New Brunswick campus straddles the Raritan River in New Brunswick and adjacent Piscataway. Two regional campuses are located in Newark and Camden, with additional facilities elsewhere in New Jersey. Instruction is offered by 9,000 faculty members in 175 academic departments to over 45,000 undergraduate students and more than 20,000 graduate and professional students.Rutgers is considered to be a Public Ivy, a term coined to describe public universities that offer an academic climate comparable to that in the Ivy League. The University is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools and is a member of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation, the Association of American Universities and the Universities Research Association Wikipedia.
Rutgers University | Date: 2017-02-22
The present invention provides a probe set for in situ hybridization that enables detection of individual mRNA molecules. The present invention also provides a kit or a hybridization solution comprising a probe of the invention and a method of detecting a first target sequence of individual mRNA molecules in a cell.
Rutgers University and Massachusetts General Hospital | Date: 2017-02-03
The present invention relates to diagnostic, prognostic and clinical methods of distinguishing high-risk IPMN from more benign IPMN as well as high-grade PanIN and PDAC from low-grade PanIN with moderate sensitivity and very high specificity using Das-1 and related antibodies.
Rutgers University | Date: 2017-03-01
The present application discloses the first rare-earth-free metal organic framework (MOF) yellow phosphors that can be effectively excited by blue light and assembled in a white light emission (WLED) device with a blue chip. The compounds of the present invention exhibit significantly enhanced emission intensity compared to the constituent ligand and high quantum yield and high thermal and moisture stability and photoluminescence. The invention also includes light emitting devices comprising any of these MOF yellow phosphors and methods of preparing these compounds and devices.
Rutgers University | Date: 2017-02-23
The present invention relates to new classes of monomeric compounds, which may be polymerized to form novel biodegradable and bioresorble polymers and copolymers. These polymers and co-polymers, while not limited thereto, may be adapted for radio-opacity and are useful for medical device applications and controlled release therapeutic formulations.
Rutgers University | Date: 2017-02-17
The invention provides compounds of formula (I): and salts thereof, wherein X and Y have any of the values defined herein. The compounds inhibit bacterial RNA polymerase, inhibit bacterial growth, and have applications in, analysis of RNA polymerase structure and function, control of bacterial gene expression, control of bacterial growth, antibacterial chemistry, antibacterial therapy, and drug discovery.
Rutgers University | Date: 2017-06-07
A graphene-reinforced polymer matrix composite comprising an essentially uniform distribution in a thermoplastic polymer of about 10% to about 50% of total composite weight of particles selected from graphite microp articles, single-layer graphene nanoparticles, multilayer graphene nanoparticles, and combinations thereof, where at least 50 wt% of the particles consist of single- and/or multi-layer graphene nanoparticles less than 50 nanometers thick along a c-axis direction. The graphene-reinforced polymer matrix is prepared by a method comprising (a) distributing graphite microparticles into a molten thermoplastic polymer phase comprising one or more matrix polymers; and (b) applying a succession of shear strain events to the molten polymer phase so that the matrix polymers exfoliate the graphite successively with each event until at least 50% of the graphite is exfoliated to form a distribution in the molten polymer phase of single- and multi- layer graphene nanoparticles less than 50 nanometers thick along a c-axis direction.
Rutgers University | Date: 2017-05-24
A method for imaging a sample using a high speed dynamic mode atomic force microscope may include scanning a tip of a cantilever probe over a surface of the sample, regulating a vibration amplitude of the tip to remain constant at a set point value (Aset), via a first signal generated in a first feedback controller, measuring a mean tapping deflection of the tip, regulating the mean tapping deflection via a second signal generated in a second feedback controller, tracking and measuring an adjustment to the measured mean tapping deflection during the regulating. The method may further include generating an image topography of the sample based on the first signal, the second signal, and the measured adjustment of the mean tapping deflection of the cantilever probe.
Rutgers University | Date: 2017-01-13
The invention provides compounds of formula I: and salts and prodrugs thereof wherein R_(4), X^(1 )and X^(2 )have any of the meanings defined in the specification, as well as pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compounds or salts and methods for their use in therapy. The compounds have useful antiviral properties.
Jakle F.,Rutgers University
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2010
A comprehensive overview of advances in the synthesis of organoborane polymers for optical, electronic, and sensory applications, is presented. Study of conjugated main chain organoboron polymers obtained through hydroboration of 2,5-diethynylthiophene derivatives with BCl3/Et3SiH mixture showed that polymers are differently colored depending on the substituents on the alkynyl groups. Luminescent polymer gels prepared by hydroboration polymerization of MesBH2 showed the occurrence of partial gelation when the reaction is performed in relatively concentrated THF solution. Tin-boron exchange reactions are also studied as a potentially milder and more selective polymerization method showing that the polycondensation process occurs between a bifunctional haloborane and a ditin species.
Sellwood J.A.,Rutgers University
Reviews of Modern Physics | Year: 2014
Disk galaxies evolve over time through processes that may rearrange both the radial mass profile and the metallicity distribution within the disk. This review of such slow changes is largely, though not entirely, restricted to internally driven processes that can be distinguished from evolution driven by galaxy interactions. It both describes our current understanding of disk evolution and identifies areas where more work is needed. Stellar disks are heated through spiral scattering, which increases random motion components in the plane, while molecular clouds redirect some fraction of the random energy into vertical motion. The recently discovered process of radial migration at the corotation resonance of a transient spiral mode does not alter the underlying structure of the disk, since it neither heats the disk nor causes it to spread, but it does have a profound effect on the expected distribution of metallicities among the disk stars. Bars in disks are believed to be major drivers of secular evolution through interactions with the outer disk and with the halo. Once the material that makes up galaxy disks is converted into stars, their overall angular momentum distribution cannot change by much, but that of the gas is generally far more liable to rearrangement, allowing rings and pseudobulges to form. While simulations are powerful tools from which we have learned a great deal, those of disks may suffer from collisional relaxation that requires some results to be interpreted with caution. © 2014 American Physical Society.