Lobanov A.S.,Russian State Social University
Scientific and Technical Information Processing | Year: 2013
The necessity and possibility of the development of the basic concepts of qualimetry, including assessment objects, quality, property, and quality management, are justified. The author offers specified definitions of these concepts. The quality and property concepts are considered and defined in applied and philosophical interpretations. It is proposed that one reject the integral quality concept that is used at present. © 2013 Allerton Press, Inc.
Sizov A.,Russian State Social University
Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia | Year: 2015
Investigative and judicial errors along with expert mistakes are variation of errors in criminal trials. Often investigative and judicial mistakes are due to negligent attitude of investigators and trial to the requirements of the procedural form of the criminal procedure law, violation of the rights and legitimate interests of persons involved in the case. Of particular importance in eliminating a variety of investigative mistakes is judicial and medical examination. It is a tool of solution of specific issues of forensic medicine and is one of the types of forensic examination. The examination may be accompanied by inspection service, available to a specialist, and should be done in sequence: the part of the body not covered by clothing should be examined, then the clothes (if necessary), and then the rest of the body. If the examination is accompanied by inspection service, the Protocol on how to carry out all these activities is called the Protocol of examination and inspection service, a different Protocol on the inspection service should not exist. Medical examination of the suspect/accused is sometimes crucial. In this regard, unconditionally important is psychiatric examination, but sometimes, especially for children, assessment of somatic status may be crucial. Also sometimes of great investigative importance is identifying presence or absence of pathology of internal organs and predisposition of the suspect/accused. A great help in expert opinion can provide knowledge about the impact of diet and the effects of various drugs on the rheological parameters of human blood may be of great help in forming the expert's opinion.. It is difficult to overestimate accurate identification of genetic markers in the blood of an accused and the traces of blood on the items appearing in the case. Given the great advance of medical science, one should always use forensic medical examination during the investigation that allows. to minimize investigative and judicial mistakes based on its results.
Kolupaev R.V.,Russian State Social University
Life Science Journal | Year: 2014
This article explores the system of regional management of the investment attractiveness of industry. The author notes that managing the investment attractiveness of a region is, above all, about managing trends: creating the regulatory framework, establishing structural mechanisms, and initiating processes, the existence of which enables one to speak of a certain trend. The region will become attractive to the mass investor only when the real sector of the economy comes to be distinguished by the strategic orientation of activity, an optimum resource distribution structure, and the reliability of the management system. Based on the findings of the study, the author proposes a conceptual model for an integrated approach to ensuring sustainable regional management of the investment attractiveness of industry.
Shcherbakova A.I.,Russian State Social University
Life Science Journal | Year: 2014
The article tells about the philosophical analysis of music as artistic and aesthetic phenomenon that reveals difficult questions of life to the comprehending person. Music education is regarded as a tool to promote the penetration in the music space. This work investigates the music complexity and diversity as an art form, many approaches are presented that help the person to freely navigate the world of music. The author focuses on the problem of the interaction of music and music education as the two inextricably linked systems, their harmonious unity is a source of constant development and improvement of musical space, as well as artistic and aesthetic space of culture in general.
Chistiakov D.A.,Moscow State University |
Chekhonin V.P.,Russian State Social University
Journal of Applied Genetics | Year: 2012
Human aggression/impulsivity-related traits have a complex background that is greatly influenced by genetic and non-genetic factors. The relationship between aggression and anxiety is regulated by highly conserved brain regions including amygdala, which controls neural circuits triggering defensive, aggressive, or avoidant behavioral models. The dysfunction of neural circuits responsible for emotional control was shown to represent an etiological factor of violent behavior. In addition to the amygdala, these circuits also involve the anterior cingulated cortex and regions of the prefrontal cortex. Excessive reactivity in the amygdala coupled with inadequate prefrontal regulation serves to increase the likelihood of aggressive behavior. Developmental alterations in prefrontal-subcortical circuitry as well as neuromodulatory and hormonal abnormality appear to play a role. Imbalance in testosterone/serotonin and testosterone/cortisol ratios (e. g., increased testosterone levels and reduced cortisol levels) increases the propensity toward aggression because of reduced activation of the neural circuitry of impulse control and self-regulation. Serotonin facilitates prefrontal inhibition, and thus insufficient serotonergic activity can enhance aggression. Genetic predisposition to aggression appears to be deeply affected by the polymorphic genetic variants of the serotoninergic system that influences serotonin levels in the central and peripheral nervous system, biological effects of this hormone, and rate of serotonin production, synaptic release and degradation. Among these variants, functional polymorphisms in the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) and serotonin transporter (5-HTT) may be of particular importance due to the relationship between these polymorphic variants and anatomical changes in the limbic system of aggressive people. Furthermore, functional variants of MAOA and 5-HTT are capable of mediating the influence of environmental factors on aggression-related traits. In this review, we consider genetic determinants of human aggression, with special emphasis on genes involved in serotonin and dopamine metabolism and function. © 2011 Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan.