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Haraldson K.,Karolinska Institutet | Kashuba V.I.,Karolinska Institutet | Kashuba V.I.,NASU Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics | Dmitriev A.A.,Karolinska Institutet | And 12 more authors.
Biochimie | Year: 2012

Chromosome 3 specific NotI microarrays containing 180 NotI linking clones associated with 188 genes were hybridized to NotI representation probes prepared using matched tumor/normal samples from major epithelial cancers: breast (47 pairs), lung (40 pairs) cervical (43 pairs), kidney (34 pairs of clear cell renal cell carcinoma), colon (24 pairs), ovarian (25 pairs) and prostate (18 pairs). In all tested primary tumors (compared to normal controls) methylation and/or deletions was found. For the first time we showed that the gene LRRC3B was frequently methylated and/or deleted in breast carcinoma - 32% of samples, cervical - 35%, lung - 40%, renal - 35%, ovarian - 28%, colon - 33% and prostate cancer - 44%. To check these results bisulfite sequencing using cloned PCR products with representative two breast, one cervical, two renal, two ovarian and two colon cancer samples was performed. In all cases methylation was confirmed. Expression analysis using RT-qPCR showed that LRRC3B is strongly down-regulated at the latest stages of RCC and ovarian cancers. In addition we showed that LRRC3B exhibit strong cell growth inhibiting activity (more than 95%) in colony formation experiments in vitro in KRC/Y renal cell carcinoma line. All these data suggest that LRRC3B gene could be involved in the process of carcinogenesis as a tumor suppressor gene. © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. Source

Braga E.,Russian State Genetics Center | Loginov W.,Russian State Genetics Center | Khodyrev D.,Russian State Genetics Center | Pronina I.,Russian State Genetics Center | And 11 more authors.
Experimental Oncology | Year: 2011

Background: Human chromosome arm 3p is often affected in various epithelial tumors, and several tumor suppressor genes were recently identified in this region. The most affected is 3p21 region that is 50-100% rearranged in more than 30 types of malignancies, mostly in epithelial cancers: lung, breast, ovarian, cervical, kidney, head and neck, nasopharyngeal, colon etc. These cancers are responsible for 90% of cancer deaths. Aim: To perform the detailed analysis of 3p (especially 3p21 region) to discover novel potential oncogenes and/or tumor suppressors. Methods: To find novel "hot spots" and genes involved in major cancers, dense 3p microsatellite markers (altogether 24 ) were allelotyped in four epithelial carcinomas (272 patients in total): breast (BC), renal cell (RCC), non-small cell lung (NSCLC) and epithelial ovarian (EOC) cancers. Results: As a main result, a novel region, frequently affected in BC, RCC, NSCLC and EOC was localized between markers D3S2409 and D3S3667 in the 3p21.3. This region (MECA3, major epithelial cancers affected region No. 3) covers numerous UniGene clusters, including genes involved in vital cell functions and carcinogenesis (e.g. MST1, MSTR1/RON, GPX1 and RHOA). The homozygous deletions were detected in the GPX1 in RCC (12%, 6 of 50 cases) and BC (1 of 37 cases). At the same time, amplifications and multiplications within the RHOA putative oncogene were identified in BC and RCC. Conclusions: The data suggest that genes with potential oncogenic features are located in the close proximity to putative tumor suppressor gene(s) (TSG(s)) in the MECA3. Multiplication of the RHOA was not reported before. Significant correlation of allelic alterations in the, AP20, MECA3 and LUCA regions with tumor progression was found for some common histological tumor subtypes (e.g. clear cell RCC, and serous EOC). Copyright © Experimental Oncology, 2011. Source

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