Vysotsky V.S.,National Research Nuclear University MEPhI |
Kaverin D.S.,Russian Scientific Research and Development Cable Institute |
Potanina L.V.,Russian Scientific Research and Development Cable Institute |
Shutov K.A.,Russian Scientific Research and Development Cable Institute |
And 7 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity | Year: 2016
The Russian Scientific RandD Cable Institute was obliged to produce and to deliver 20% toroidal field (TF) conductors and 20% poloidal field (PF) cables for the ITER magnet system. The task has been completed in October 2015. This work was a great technological challenge in the development of tricky technologies. Development of manufacturing processes was accompanied by extensive scientific studies directed to an improvement of technologies and a search of causes resulting in change of cables and conductors properties during manufacturing and testing. In this paper, we present the extended review and summary of results obtained for Russian superconductors that permitted improving technologies and finding out the reasons of changes of properties of cables and conductors during manufacturing and testing. The study of rotation and untwisting of TF cables during insertions into jackets allowed developing the model describing the rotation process and suggesting the device which keeps untwisting within demanded levels. Analyses of mandatory SULTAN high-field electromagnetic tests of PF and TF conductors from Russia confirmed good quality and adequacy of manufacturing processes. Micrographic studies of Nb3Sn strands before and after SULTAN tests permitted qualitatively understanding the reason for the stability of RF TF conductor behavior during multiple electromagnetic and thermal cycling. Statistical studies of residual resistance ratio (RRR) of Nb3Sn and NbTi strands permitted tracking of its degradation during manufacturing processes and SULTAN tests. The optimal heat treatment process for Nb3Sn conductors has been confirmed after RRR statistical study. The hydraulic performance has been measured in the short samples of TF conductor. By using the parameters obtained, it is possible to predict hydraulic performance of helium flow in a conductor at any temperature. These results led to deeper understanding and to improving manufacturing processes and quality of TF and PF conductors for the ITER magnet system and could be useful for suppliers of superconducting cables and conductors using ITER-like technologies. © 2016 IEEE.