Siqueira I.R.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul |
Elsner V.R.,Programa de Pos Graduacao em Ciencias Biologicas Fisiologia |
Leite M.C.,Rua Ramiro Barcelos |
Vanzella C.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul |
And 8 more authors.
Neurochemistry International | Year: 2011
Ascorbate, an intracellular antioxidant, has been considered critical for neuronal protection against oxidant stress, which is supported especially by in vitro studies. Besides, it has been demonstrated an age-related decrease in brain ascorbate levels. The aims of the present study were to investigate ascorbate uptake in hippocampal slices from old Wistar rats, as well as its neuroprotective effects in in vitro and in vivo assays. Hippocampal slices from male Wistar rats aged 4, 11 and 24 months were incubated with radiolabeled ascorbate and incorporated radioactivity was measured. Hippocampal slices from rats were incubated with different concentrations of ascorbate and submitted to H2O2-induced injury, cellular damage and S100B protein levels were evaluated. The effect of chronic administration of ascorbate on cellular oxidative state and astrocyte biochemical parameters in the hippocampus from 18-months-old Wistar rats was also studied. The ascorbate uptake was decreased in hippocampal slices from old-aged rats, while supplementation with ascorbate (2 weeks) did not modify any tested oxidative status in the hippocampus and the incubation was unable to protect hippocampal slices submitted to oxidative damage (H2O2) from old rats. Our data suggest that the decline of ascorbate uptake might be involved in the brain greater susceptibility to oxidative damage with advancing age and both in vitro and vivo assays suggest that ascorbate supplementation did not protect hippocampal cells. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.