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Campina Grande, Brazil

Silva K.C.,Bairro Universitario | Silva V.N.B.,UEPB | Sofiatti V.,Embrapa Algodao | Zonta J.H.,Embrapa Algodao | And 2 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2012

The castor bean is a species of slow initial growth. The absence of registered herbicides for this crop is still a limiting factor for its expansion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the castor bean tolerance to the herbicide pendimethalin in soils with different adsorption capacities. The experiment was conducted under greenhouse conditions in a completely randomized design with five replications and consisted of a factorial combination of eight doses of the herbicide pendimethalin applied as pre-emergence (0; 187,5; 375; 750; 1500; 3000; 6000 and 12000 g ha-1 i.a.), and four types of substrate (clay loam, sandy clay loam, sandy loam and sandy soil). At 22 days after sowing the variables: plant height, leaf area, fresh and dry mass of shoots, root system volume and dry weight were determined. It was concluded that the dose of the herbicide pendimethalin tolerated by the castor bean is influenced by the adsorption capacity of the soil. The herbicide was found to be very selective to this crop, not causing significant reduction of plant growth at the doses indicated to be used for weed control. Source


Ribeiro C.S.N.,Federal Rural University of Pernambuco | Silva H.,Campus Universitario | dos Santos J.W.,Rua Osvaldo Cruz 1143 | Carvalho J.M.F.C.,Rua Osvaldo Cruz 1143
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental | Year: 2010

The objective of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness to induce the multiplication of shoots in the BRS Nordestina and CSRN 142 castor bean genotypes, in the explant apical meristem, determining the best treatment with the thidiazuron (TDZ) growth regulator and to indicate the satisfactory concentration of the indoleacetic acid (AIA) for the ex vitro rooting. The Murashige and Skoog medium, was used supplemented with TDZ in the concentrations 0 (control); 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0 e 10.0 mg L-1, with three explants per flask, in randomized blocks. The evaluations were made after 45 days of cultivation, being analyzed the number of brunches for explant and the percentage of necrosis. In the ex vitro rooting, the use of AIA was made, in the concentrations 0, 0.125, 0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 g L-1 in the acclimatization substrate. It was observed that the concentration of 0.5 mg L-1 of TDZ provided the best results in vitro proliferation, reaching 16.9 brunch for explant. In the ex vitro rooting, the most promising treatment was substrate + 0.125 g L-1 of AIA, with 75% of rooted plants. It was verified that the TDZ induces the over brunching in the two genotypes and that the ex vitro rooting is a viable alternative for the programs of plants improvement. Source

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