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Southwater, United Kingdom

Jennings M.,RSPCA
Animal Technology and Welfare | Year: 2010

The input of animal technologists is essential to achieving an effective local Ethical Review Process (ERP) such that a Named Animal Care and Welfare Officer is one of the four participants required by the Home Office. Other animal technologists also play an important role, contributing to all of the ERPs seven functions. Lay members too, have made a significant contribution to the ERP, but their role is less clear and their involvement less universal. This paper summarises some of the issues around lay participation, and considers how animal technologists could help encourage and develop their input in a positive way. Source

Yeates J.W.,RSPCA
Animal Welfare | Year: 2011

A recent FAWC report introduced 'a life worth living' as a useful concept in farm animal welfare discussions and policy. But what does this concept mean? And is it a useful one? This paper extends FAWC's approach in several ways. It firstly provides an account of the concept of a life worth living in more detail, in relation to current animal welfare thinking, such as experiences and quality of life. It then describes how the concept might be applied in animal welfare management decisions and in setting standards for regulations and Farm Assurance schemes. The paper identifies several advantages to the concept: it is animal-based, intuitively understandable, and has direct prescriptive force in decision-making. But the concept also has certain limitations, especially that it is potentially complex and subjective and that it cannot include all ethically relevant concerns about farm animal welfare. Nevertheless, the paper concludes that the concept may become a useful addition to welfare dialogue, and finishes by identifying the core areas where further work is necessary. © 2011 Universities Federation for Animal Welfare. Source

Veterinary practice is subject to veterinary surgeons' professional ethics, which ensure that patients' welfare is considered paramount and clients' interests are considered important. The provision of veterinary services is also subject to market forces that can affect transactions between clients and veterinarians. Veterinary markets could encourage or permit welfare harms due to potential market variations, imperfections and limitations, for example where financial constraints limit owners' willingness to pay for treatment or veterinarians' abilities to provide pro bono treatment. Consequently, economic factors could lead to potential welfare compromises through animals being undertreated, overtreated or mistreated. Fortunately there are possible solutions to these problems. Some are supplier-driven, for example improved the market functioning through transparency and honesty, strategically disrupting it through co-ordinating clinical standards and protocols or using veterinary authority to influence clients. Others are consumer-driven, for example improving consumer decision-making through the actions of insurance companies. © 2012 Universities Federation for Animal Welfare. Source

Smith J.A.,Boyd Group | Andrews P.L.R.,St Georges, University of London | Hawkins P.,RSPCA | Louhimies S.,European Commission | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology | Year: 2013

For the first time, European Union legislation on animal research and testing has extended its scope to include invertebrate species-the Class Cephalopoda. EU Directive 2010/63/EU, which was due to be implemented in Member States 1 January 2013, covers all "live cephalopods" used in scientific procedures that are likely to cause the animals adverse effects such as "pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm".This paper examines practical implications of the new EU law for cephalopod research. It evolved from a meeting of European cephalopod researchers held in Naples in 2011 (EuroCeph), which in turn was stimulated by discussions within The Boyd Group (a UK forum on animal experiments). This paper:. 1.describes key requirements of Directive 2010/63/EU;2.explains the project evaluation process that all regulated scientific projects involving animals must undergo before they can be authorised within Member States;3.presents a series of hypothetical case studies, to illustrate how, in practice, the principles for project evaluation might be applied in cephalopod research and testing;4.highlights the need for widely agreed guidance specific to cephalopods, to assist regulators, establishments and researchers in implementing the new law; and5.concludes with a list of practical steps that researchers might take to ensure compliance with the Directive in the national legislation of all EU Member States. © 2012. Source

Kelly A.,Stapeley Grange Wildlife Center | Kelly A.,Queens University of Belfast | Scrivens R.,Stapeley Grange Wildlife Center | Grogan A.,RSPCA
Endangered Species Research | Year: 2010

Many thousands of rehabilitated wildlife casualties and captive-reared orphans are released back to the wild each year. Most wildlife rehabilitators equate release with success, and very little is known about the post-release survival of rehabilitated wildlife. We measured the postrelease survival of orphaned polecats Mustela putorius, a species of conservation concern and currently a UK Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) priority species. Between 1997 and 2008, 137 polecats were admitted to the RSPCA (Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) Stapeley Grange Wildlife Centre in northwest England. Of these, 89 (65%) were orphaned juveniles. Fortythree percent of adults and 89% of juveniles were released back to the wild following rehabilitation. Between 2005 and 2008, we radio-tracked 32 juvenile polecats at 5 release sites in Cheshire and North Wales, UK. These individuals were tracked for 3 to 104 d (median = 27.5). Of the 32 radiotracked animals, 26 (81%) were still alive after 14 d, and a minimum of 16 (50%) were still alive after 1 mo. Twelve percent were known to have died in road traffic collisions, 22% shed their collars, and the signal was lost for 56%. Those for which the signal was eventually lost were tracked for 13 to 103 d (median = 38.5 d). Two female polecats trapped following release in 2007 had lost 30% and 18% of their body weight, respectively. The data suggest that the survival of rehabilitated polecats is sufficient to justify the resources used in the rehabilitation process and that the animals' long-term welfare is not compromised by being held in captivity. © Inter-Research 2010. Source

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