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Milan, Italy

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: ENERGY.2013.10.1.8 | Award Amount: 13.13M | Year: 2013

The ELECTRA Integrated Research Programme on Smart Grids (ELECTRA) brings together the partners of the EERA Joint Programme on Smart Grids (JP SG) to reinforce and accelerate Europes medium to long term research cooperation in this area and to drive a closer integration of the research programmes of the participating organisations and of the related national programmes. ELECTRAs joint research activity and collaborative support actions build on an established track record of collaboration and engagement. Together, the JP SG and ELECTRA will establish significant coherence across national research efforts critical to the stable operation of the EU power system of 2020\. The EU energy strategy sets ambitious goals for the energy systems of the future that foresees a substantial increase in the share of renewable electricity production. The whole-sale deployment of RES connected to the network at all voltage levels will require radically new approaches for real time control that can accommodate the coordinated operation of millions of devices, of various technologies, at many different scales and voltage levels, dispersed across EU grid. ELECTRA addresses this challenge, and will establish and validate proofs of concept that utilise flexibility from across traditional boundaries in a holistic fashion. In addition to the joint R&D activities, coordination work packages in ELECTRA build on existing efforts established through EERA and will significantly escalate these through the coordination and collaboration amongst EU leading research infrastructures, researcher exchange across EU and internationally, and actions on international cooperation. The support received at proposal stage from 16 national funding agencies, ENTSOE, EDSO4SG, ETP SG, as well as from a number of international organisations will be developed to leverage the research effort in ELECTRA and to strengthen its exploitation potential.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-02-2014 | Award Amount: 4.95M | Year: 2015

It has been proven that the only realistic path to close the gap between theoretical and practical ultra-high efficiency solar cells is the monolithic multi-junction (MJ) approach, i.e. to stack different materials on top of each other. Each material/sub solar cell converts a specific part of the suns spectrum and thus manages the photons properly. However, large area multi-junction cells are too expensive if applied in standard PV modules. A viable solution to solve the cost issue is to use tiny solar cells in combination with optical concentrating technology, in particular, high concentrating photovoltaics (HCPV), in which the light is concentrated over the solar cells more than 500 times. The combination of ultra-high efficient cells and optical concentration lead to low cost on system level and eventually to low levelised electricity costs, today well below 8 cent/kWh and at the end of this project below 5 cent/kWh. Therefore, to achieve an optimised PV system (high efficiency, low cost and low environmental impact), world-wide well-known partners in the field of CPV technology propose this project to run and progress together the development of highly-efficient MJ solar cells and the improvement of the concentrator (CPV module) technique. The central objective of the project is to realise HCPV solar cells and modules working at a concentration level 800x with world record efficiency of 48 % and 40 %, respectively, hence bringing practical performances closer to theoretical limits. This should be achieved through novel MJ solar cell architectures using advanced materials and processes for better spectral matching as well as through innovative HCPV module concepts with improved optical and interconnection designs, thus including novel light management approaches. The ambition for this project is not less than to achieve the highest efficiencies on solar cell and module level world-wide, thus Europe will be the top player for the CPV-technology.

The overarching objective of EU-MERCI is to support, in a coordinated way, the growth of energy efficiency in industry processes. It will develop methods and tools for assisting EU industry in the effective implementation of energy efficiency improvements and in the monitoring of the energy savings, in application of the 2012/27/EU Directive. The methodology will be based on the analysis of thousands real energy efficiency projects implemented according with the current energy policies and measures in different MSs and dealing with tenths of different industry sectors and processes. Energy efficiency solutions will be typified according with agreed criteria concerning applications, processes and technologies: best practices, algorithms and procedures of efficiency assessment will be derived, harmonized and standardized. The goal is to answer the questions: what are the most effective actions improving the efficiency in a particular process or industry sector? How to specifically implement them? What are the most promising technologies? What is the efficiency improvement attainable with each action? How to measure, monitor and report the savings? What are the associated costs? EU-MERCI, with recommendation and specific dissemination actions, will also assist policy makers and public authorities in the assessment of the effectiveness and transparency of the mechanisms, giving them also a picture of the technologies and efficiency improvements to incentive. Lessons learned from countries with consolidated energy efficiency schemes in place will be transferred to countries less advanced. The outputs of EU-MERCI will be specifically validated for the agrifood industry at a pan-European level. Finally, it is expected that, as a result of the assistance to industry, the number and effectiveness of energy efficiency improvements will greatly increase, thus contributing to the attainment of the EU and national energy goals.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: LCE-20-2014 | Award Amount: 2.05M | Year: 2015

Residential energy consumption represents the 28% of all EU consumption and if commercial buildings are also considered this percentage increases to 40% (36% of EU CO2 emissions). In this context, is clear that the reduction of consumption in the residential sector should play an important role in energy efficiency programmes and policies as is stated in the recent Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU. Most energy efficiency measures implemented in Europe involved technological interventions. In contrast, everyday energy-consuming behaviours are largely habitual and therefore the potential of energy savings at home with actions focused in consumer behaviour is really promising. In this context the provision of feedback to consumers has resulted in really promising results, achieving savings in the range of 5-20%. But some limitations exists. The aim of this project is to fill the gaps and advanced in this context, being an essential preparatory activity for the future large scale demonstration of feedback methodologies. The key aim of this project is to develop an advanced and integral user-centred framework for the implementation of efficient energy feedback programmes in the domestic area. Our approach relies in the complete characterisation of the EU energy consumer, and the design of specific personalised actions tailored to each consumer pattern detected based on the use of natural language and emotional contents. NATCONSUMERS will set the scenario to allow strengthening the dialogue between the EU energy system stakeholders in order to define robustness methodologies exploiting to the maximum the potential of energy feedback approaches, filling the existing gaps not still covered by previous pilots and experiments. NATCONSUMERS consortium brings together representatives of all stakeholders and areas involved in the project. A concise dissemination and awareness programme is proposed to reach the target communities and increase the impact of the project.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2013.5.1.2 | Award Amount: 8.19M | Year: 2013

Major sources for human made CO2 emissions comprise the energy and the industrial sector including cement production. One of the most appropriate concepts to capture CO2 from such point sources is the oxyfuel combustion. The main energy demand for this method results from the O2 generation, which is usually done by air liquefaction. This energy demand can substantially be lowered using thermally integrated separation modules based on ceramic oxygen transport membranes (OTM). It is least if the OTM is integrated in a 4-end mode, which entails that the permeating oxygen is swept and directly diluted using recirculated flue gas. Up to 60% reduction in capture energy demand compared to cryogenic air separation and up to 40% reduction compared to post-combustion capture approaches can be achieved. GREEN-CC will provide a new generation high-efficiency capture process based on oxyfuel combustion. The focus lies on the development of clear integration approaches for OTM-modules in power plants and cement industry considering minimum energy penalty related to common CO2 capture and integration in existing plants with minimum capital investment. This will be attained by using advanced process simulations and cost calculations. GREEN-CC will also explore the use of OTM-based oxyfuel combustion in different highly energy-demanding industrial processes, e.g. oil refining and petrochemical industry. However, highly permeable membrane materials show a chemical instability against CO2 and other flue gas components. One major challenge faced by GREEN-CC is therefore to identify and develop membrane materials, components, and a PoC-module for the 4-end mode OTM integration. The desired membrane assembly will consist of a thin membrane layer supported on substrates with engineered porosity and oxygen reduction catalysts with high and stable activity in flue gas. As proof of concept, a planar membrane module will be developed which involves technical hurdles like joining technology

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