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Korolëv, Russia

Sarmin E.,RSC Energia
61st International Astronautical Congress 2010, IAC 2010

The URAGAN research program is implemented aboard Russian Segment (RS) of the International Space Station (ISS) for past 10 years. The main purpose of this program is to study disasters and critical environmental situation arising on the Earth. The paper provides a retrospective overview of URAGAN program. The basic concepts and objectives, which were set at the beginning of the experiment and directions of its future development, are examined. The ISS crewmembers play an important role in the experiment implementation. The paper explores key features of the experiment preparation, planning and carrying out, as well as processing and analysis of the data obtained. Application methods of the onboard research equipment, including newly developed the PhotoSpectral System (PSS) and digital photo cameras, as well as Sigma software developed for the experiment implementation support are discussed in details. The principle of their work, concepts, inherent in the design stage, output samples; details about working with different equipment are listed The new hardware improves the experiment comprehension but requires development and application of new approaches and methods for remote sensing data processing.The paper illustrates new concept of data processing methods, derived from the PSS, including a uniquetechnique of spatial interpolation of the recorded spectrum. Source

Mosenkis R.,Airbus | Cislaghi M.,European Space Agency | Blagov V.,RSC Energia
Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC

The Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) is a European logistics vehicle that has supplied the International Space Station (ISS) through three successful missions as of today. It is a shining example of the fruitful cooperation between the European, American and Russian partners of the ISS. During more than 15 years of cooperation covering development and operations, all parties have learned from each other to our mutual benefit. Behind the smooth operations that have been repeatedly demonstrated to the outside world, there has been a complex interaction between design and operations teams that has not always been easy, but has developed over time to the point where mission preparation and execution is becoming almost routine. Starting from ATV-3, the interval between launches of roughly 1 year is even shorter than originally thought. This is only possible due to the efficient interaction between different forums involved in this complex process. This paper will briefly recall the history of the development and focus on the established means of working together now in place. The main accent will be on the European cooperation with the Russian side, whose role has been essential both for the ATV system design and the ISS/ATV joint operations. Source

Bobe L.S.,NIICHIMMASH | Kochetkov A.A.,NIICHIMMASH | Soloukhin V.A.,NIICHIMMASH | Tomashpolskiy M.J.,NIICHIMMASH | Andreichuk P.O.,RSC Energia
SAE International Journal of Aerospace

The paper summarizes the experience gained with the ISS water management system during the missions ISS-1 through ISS-17 (since November 2, 2000, through October 23, 2008). The water supply sources and structure, consumption and supply balance and balance specifics at various phases of space station operation are reviewed. The performance data of the system for water recovery from humidity condensate SRV-K and urine feed and pretreatment system SPK-U in the Russian orbital segment are presented. The key role of water recovery on board the ISS and the need to supplement the station's water supply hardware with a system for water reclamation from urine SRV-U is emphasized. The prospects of regenerative water supply system development are considered. © 2009 SAE International. Source

Montenbruck O.,German Aerospace Center | Rozkov S.,RSC Energia | Semenov A.,RSC Energia | Gomez S.F.,NASA
Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets

The International Space Station is equipped with Global Positioning System receivers that provide real-time position information at the 10 m accuracy level. In preparation of the Atomic Clock Ensemble in Space experiment, measurements from Russian and American receivers have been used to assess the navigation accuracy that can be achieved through postprocessing of navigation solutions and raw data in a precise orbit determination process. In addition, the capability to accurately forecast the space station orbit for operation of microwave and laser terminals has been studied. It is shown that the orbit can be reconstructed with a 1 m position accuracy and a 1 mm/s velocity accuracy even from single-frequency Global Positioning System measurements. For the test periodinmid 2006, short arc orbit predictions with a median error of 20 and 70 m could be obtained over forecast intervals of 6 and 12 h, respectively. The navigation accuracy obtained is compatible with the mission requirements for the relativistic correction of the atomic clocks and the quick look clock performance monitoring. Copyright © 2011 by Oliver Montenbruck. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Source

Crawled News Article
Site: http://www.techtimes.com/rss/sections/space.xml

After their launch was postponed for two weeks because of glitches, a three-member international crew is finally on their way to space aboard Russia's upgraded Soyuz MS spacecraft, which took off from Kazakhstan on the morning of July 7. The new crew, which is designated as Soyuz MS-01, comprises biologist Kate Rubins, now a NASA astronaut; Anatoly Ivanishin, a Russian cosmonaut and Takuya Onishi, an astronaut from the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). The trio will be the newest addition to the crew at the International Space Station (ISS), which is currently the home of NASA astronaut Jeff Williams and Russian cosmonauts Oleg Skripochka and Alexey Ovchinin. The Thursday launch was originally scheduled for June 24, but was delayed because of glitches in the spacecraft software, which could have affected the Soyuz craft's docking with the space station. Before docking to the space station's Rassvet module on July 9, the new crew will first spend two days or 34 Earth orbits testing modified systems. Rubins, Ivanishin and Onishi arrived at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan in late June to complete final training and other pre-launch activities. Final preparations for the Soyuz spacecraft also took place during this time. The Soyuz craft was filled with compressed gases and propellant on June 27. It was brought to the processing facility and mounted onto a jig for handling. The Soyuz craft was then mated to the adapter section of the launch vehicle on June 28 and was inspected for the last time on June 30. After being assembled and mated with the craft on July 3, the Soyuz-FG rocket used in the launch was rolled out on the launch pad on July 4. The upgraded Soyuz rocket was created by Russian manufacturer RSC Energia. Known as Expedition 48, the current crew at the ISS will spend four months conducting more than 250 scientific investigations in various fields such as Earth science, biology, physical sciences, human research and technology development, according to NASA. Crew members will receive and install the first international docking adapter on the ISS, which will accommodate arrivals of U.S. commercial crew spacecraft in the future. This docking port is complete with built-in systems for automated docking and will be delivered to the ISS during the ninth commercial resupply mission of Elon Musk's aerospace company SpaceX. Additionally, Expedition 48 is expected to receive the sixth commercial resupply mission of SpaceX's rival, American aerospace manufacturer Orbital ATK, as well as two Russian Progress resupply flights. Both will deliver tons of food, supplies, fuel and research equipment. Watch the video of the launch below. © 2016 Tech Times, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.

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