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Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Amarsaikhan D.,RS Mongolian Academy of science | Amarsaikhan D.,National University of Mongolia | Battsengel V.,RS Mongolian Academy of science | Egshiglen E.,RS Mongolian Academy of science | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Navigation and Observation | Year: 2011

The aim of this study is to analyze the urban land use changes occurred in the central part of Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of Mongolia, from 1930 to 2008 with a 10-year interval using geographical information system (GIS) and very high-resolution remote sensing (RS) data sets. As data sources, a large-scale topographic map, panchromatic and multispectral Quickbird images, and TerraSAR synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data are used. The primary urban land use database is developed using the topographic map of the study area and historical data about buildings. To extract updated land use information from the RS images, Quickbird and TerraSAR images are fused. For the fusion, ordinary and special image fusion techniques are used and the results are compared. For the final land use change analysis and RS image processing, ArcGIS and Erdas imagine systems installed in a PC environment are used. Overall, the study demonstrates that within the last few decades the central part of Ulaanbaatar city is urbanized very rapidly and became very dense. Copyright © 2011 D. Amarsaikhan et al.

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