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Phnom Penh, Cambodia

The Royal University of Agriculture is a leading public agricultural university in Cambodia. It is located in southwest Phnom Penh. The university is operated by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Wikipedia.

Thiel F.,Royal University of Agriculture
ZFV - Zeitschrift fur Geodasie, Geoinformation und Landmanagement | Year: 2011

Following the Land Policy Declaration from July 2009, the Royal Government of Cambodia henceforth has the unique opportunity to implement a land valuation policy by the Council of Land Policy. Land valuation, taxation and capacity building are indispensable elements of a land reform in Cambodia. By improving prior assessment tools for valuation and taxation, Cambodia could serve as an example for the development of taxation in circumstances when rent-seeking, speculation, informal land markets and an unequal land distribution occur. Property taxation - eventually supported by land value increment taxation - will become an important future source of the Cambodian revenue. Taxation should be ideally flanked by a coded, transparent and upgradeable property record system, by actualized or revised land valuation manuals and a holistic land information infrastructure due to international standards. Source

Pen M.,University of New England of Australia | Savage D.B.,University of New England of Australia | Nolan J.V.,University of New England of Australia | Seng M.,Royal University of Agriculture
Animal Production Science | Year: 2013

The effect of supplementing a mixed rice straw and tropical grass diet with legume as a nitrogen (N) source on intake, digestibility, rumen ammonia and microbial protein production was evaluated in Bos indicus cattle. Four rumen-cannulated steers were used in a crossover design with two diets and two periods. The diets were T1 = 40% rice (Oryza sativa L.) straw + 60% grass (Brachiaria spp. cv. Mulato II hybrid) and T2 = 40% rice straw + 30% grass + 30% legume (Stylosanthes guianensis cv. CIAT 184) on DM basis. Supplementation with legume doubled (P < 0.01) rice straw and total N intake, and increased total DM intake by 32%. It did not affect the DM, organic matter, neutral detergent fibre and acid detergent fibre digestibility (P > 0.05) but did increase (P < 0.05) N digestibility. Faecal N and total N outputs from T2 cattle were higher (P < 0.05) than T1 cattle, but urinary N output did not differ between diets (P > 0.05). N retention in T2 cattle was improved by 83% (P < 0.05) compared with T1 cattle. Rumen ammonia concentration, microbial protein production and efficiency of microbial protein production were improved (P < 0.05) when the legume forage was included in the straw-grass diet. We conclude that when a mixed rice straw and fresh grass diet is supplemented with ∼30% legume (DM basis), significant improvements in DM and N intake can be achieved. Copyright © CSIRO 2013. Source

Thiel F.,Royal University of Agriculture
Erdkunde | Year: 2010

This paper focuses on legal and economic instruments of the multi-donor-driven land reform in Cambodia with its overarching aim of achieving tenure security and reparation after the Khmer Rouge. Land tenure applies to state public/state private property and private property. The essential property form for public land management is state public property. This property must be interpreted in the future as the property of Cambodian people that serves all human beings in the country. Having a common, participatory and legally binding land use planning system for Cambodia, the planning authorities at the national down to the communal level are able to guide and to restrict the use of land in order to protect and promote the public interest. Private land use rights should not be mixed up with private property rights. Private land use under conditions of tenure security is far more efficient than state land use. Yet that does not automatically require private property. State public property with the guarantee for private land use, e.g. through transparent and participatory leasing and redistributed ground rents, ensures fair and equal redistribution of land if the Cambodian government enforces compliance with these regulations for the benefit of the local people. Source

Background: The anti-inflammatory drug diacetyl rhein has been found to possess promising antistaphylococcal effects against various drug-resistant strains in our previous study. In the present work, we explored the in vitro combinatory interactions of diacetyl rhein with oxacillin and tetracycline against 13 standard strains and clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus, including those resistant to erythromycin, methicillin and tetracycline. Methods: Minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined by broth microdilution assay, and the effects of combinations were evaluated according to the sum of fractional inhibitory concentrations (ΣFICs). Results: Synergistic or additive effects were observed against all S. aureus strains (ΣFIC 0.258-1), whereas diacetyl rhein-oxacillin appeared to be the most effective combination, synergistically inhibiting the growth of 4 strains tested. Conclusion: To our best knowledge, this is the first report on a synergistic antibacterial effect of diacetyl rhein. Our results suggest this promising compound for further evaluation of its synergistic anti-infective potential as an agent with a combined anti-inflammatory and synergistic antibacterial action. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Kang S.,Royal University of Agriculture | Kang S.,Khon Kaen University | Wanapat M.,Khon Kaen University | Cherdthorng A.,Khon Kaen University
Animal Feed Science and Technology | Year: 2014

Four rumen-fistulated dairy steers, two and a half year old with liveweight of 220 ± 15.0. kg, were randomly assigned according to a 4 × 4 Latin square design to study the effect of banana flower powder (BAFLOP) supplementation as a rumen buffering agent on ruminal pH, nutrient digestibility and rumen fermentation fed a high-concentrate diet. The four dietary treatments were BAFLOP supplementation at 0, 10, 20 and 30. g/kg of dry matter intake (DMI), respectively. During the experimental periods, all steers were fed a diet containing roughage to concentrate ratio of 30:70 at 20. g DMI/kg of body weight and rice straw was used as a roughage source. Based on the present study, the results revealed that dry matter, organic matter and crude protein digestibilities were not affected (P>0.05) by BAFLOP supplementation, whereas digestibilities of neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber increased with the increasing levels of BAFLOP supplementation (P<0.05). It was also found that total nitrogen (N) intakes were similar among treatments. However, fecal N excretions decreased with the increasing levels of BAFLOP supplementation, while urinary N excretions were similar among treatments. BAFLOP supplementation increased N balance both absorption and retention (P<0.05). Moreover, purine derivative absorption and microbial protein synthesis were increased by BAFLOP supplementation, whereas efficiency of microbial nitrogen supply (EMNS) and microbial nitrogen supply were similar among treatments. In addition, ruminal temperature, ammonia nitrogen, and blood urea nitrogen were not influenced by BAFLOP supplementation, whilst ruminal pH enhanced (P<0.05) in steers supplemented with BAFLOP at 20 and 30. g/kg of DMI. The concentration of total volatile fatty acid and acetic acid increased with BAFLOP supplementation, whereas propionic and butyric acid remained the same. The present findings showed that BAFLOP supplementation enhanced total bacterial, protozoal, and cellulolytic bacterial growth, while numbers of fungal zoospores, amylolytic and proteolytic bacteria were similar among treatments. In conclusion, BAFLOP supplementation improved rumen ecology and nutrient digestibility by enhancing ruminal pH, nitrogen utilization, EMNS and ruminal microbial population. This study suggested that BAFLOP could be supplemented as a rumen buffering agent at 20-30. g/kg of DMI. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

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