Royal Institute of Navigation

United Kingdom

Royal Institute of Navigation

United Kingdom
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News Article | October 26, 2016

The University of Strathclyde has emerged as the winner of Europe's biggest space technology innovation competitions, that recognise great ideas with commercial potential. Strathclyde was the overall and UK regional winner of the European Satellite Navigation Competition (ESNC) for a low-cost early detection system for UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles). Out of a field of over 500 entries from 17 countries, five UK finalists came home from the ESNC awards in Madrid with an award and the top prize of €10,000 to invest in their technology. Other UK winning ideas include a smartphone sleeve to enable access to the Galileo Public Regulatory Service (an encrypted navigation service for governmental authorised users), a UK wildfire monitoring service and a smart navigation device for cyclists. Dr Carmine Clemente, Domenico Gaglione and Christos Ilioudis from the Sensor Signal Processing and Security Labs at Strathclyde Space Institute, developed the idea with support from the Scottish Centre of Excellence in Satellite Applications (SoXSA). Dr Clemente said: "It is incredible to have won first place, especially seeing the calibre of entries here tonight. The competition is an exciting opportunity for us to accelerate our idea to a market-ready application." Dr Malcolm Macdonald, Director of SoXSA, said: "This award is further evidence that Strathclyde is a leading international technological university at the heart of the thriving and rapidly growing Scottish space sector, and is due recognition for the work that Carmine and his team have been doing." The project is a 'silent lookout' system that uses low-cost sensors and satellite navigation technology for the early detection of UAVs, addressing growing concerns over public safety, security and privacy. The team is working on a passive radar system using Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) signals for micro-UAV detection, classification and tracking. The Passive Bi-Static Radar (PBR) works by exploiting sources of electromagnetic energy to accomplish radar tasks such as target detection, parameter estimation and recognition. Whilst collision and crash avoidance is of paramount concern, authorities are also concerned about UAVs available in the leisure market being used to cause large-scale civilian casualties. The 'silent lookout' system could be deployed as a perimeter around a football stadium or open-air concert venue with the sensors creating a 'detection arc' at a distance that would allow authorities enough time to take appropriate action. Stuart Martin, CEO, Satellite Applications Catapult and Chair of the UK judging panel said: "This is a great result and reflects the quality of innovation in satellite applications coming out of the UK today. The winning ideas won the backing of experts from across the European satellite sector who will be offering significant support to help the teams realise their ambitions and build successful businesses." Nottingham Scientific Ltd and QinetiQ - Winner, BMVI* Special Prize: PRS applications - reliable services for a secure digital society. The world is increasingly reliant on positon and time data from satellite navigation systems, but the threat to the use of this technology from interference and spoofing is growing rapidly. The new Public Regulatory Service (PRS) provided by Europe's Galileo satellite navigation system will enable governments to be more resilient to global satellite navigation system threats. Nottingham Scientific Ltd (NSL) in partnership with QinetiQ have been awarded the PRS prize for their innovative mobile phone 'GRIPPA' sleeve which has been specifically developed to help government authorised users access the PRS more easily and securely for critical applications. Potential customers for PRS include the emergency services, critical national infrastructure, law enforcement, public security and defence operations. Dr Gail Millin-Chalabi, Dr Ioanna Tantanasi and Dr Stefania Amici from the School of Environment, Education and Development (SEED) at the University of Manchester, won first place in the Copernicus Masters Sustainable Living Challenge, with EnviroSAR, a UK wildfire monitoring service that uses satellite Earth observation data. Fire and Rescue Services spend around £55 million every year fighting UK wildfires that damage unique habitats, such as the UK's moorlands and heathlands, and discolour drinking water supplies creating clean-up costs for water companies. The EnviroSAR service will help to understand patterns of UK wildfires, target land management, peat restoration, reseeding and reduce water discolouration and its associated costs. The EnviroSAR monitoring and detection tool is based on a new analysis technique developed by the team to interpret Synthetic Aperture Radar and optical data from Sentinel Earth Observation satellites to deliver 'burnt-area' imagery. One of the key barriers to cycling for many city-dwellers is poor knowledge of safe, cycle-friendly routes. Blubel is a smart navigation device that can intuitively guide cyclists, using a mix of sounds and lights along the cycle-friendly routes. The device enables exchange of information between the cyclists building social navigation that is dynamic to the cyclists' preferable routes and adapts to the ever-changing conditions on the roads in real-time. The UK ESNC is managed by the Satellite Applications Catapult with the support of the UK Space Agency, Innovate UK, Marks & Clerk Intellectual Property Services, Airbus Defence and Space, the Science and Technology Facilities Council and the ESA Business Incubation Centre (ESA BIC) Harwell, Ashby House, the Royal Institute of Navigation and Allen, Everest and Associates. Catherine Mealing-Jones, Director of Growth at the UK Space Agency said: "We rock at innovation here in the UK. All the winners demonstrate the fantastic potential for innovators to take advantage of the opportunities presented by satellite technology. The competition itself helps to showcase and ultimately grow their ideas as businesses. The UK is proud to have such innovators and hope that they inspire others to realise what they stand to gain by having a go." Andy Proctor, Innovation Lead for Satellite Technology at Innovate UK said: "The University of Strathclyde's innovative concept in the use of GNSS signals has great potential to be a step-change in low-cost monitoring, and a real example of why Innovate UK sponsors the ESNC. As a judge, it was clear that this idea has great potential to move quickly from its research roots to a revenue potential, and winning the prize will enable this team to take the next steps on this path." "I'm delighted that the University of Strathclyde team have achieved this well deserved recognition. Their technically innovative use of GNSS signals as part of a Passive Bi-Static Radar System potentially provides an exciting new method in the early detection of micro UAVs." Tim Watkin, Partner at Marks & Clerk, a leading firm of intellectual property (IP) experts that sponsors the competition, said: "Year after year, ESNC attracts entries of the highest quality, that display real innovative flair. The team from Strathclyde were particularly impressive, and we look forward to supporting them with intellectual property advice as they work towards bringing their concept to market." "STFC is committed to innovation and has supported the ESNC for many years, evaluating entries and encouraging applicants to enter the ESA Business Incubation Centres. We were highly impressed by the Strathclyde team's innovative 'alternative' use of GNSS and the commercial potential that came with it."

Kendal B.,Royal Institute of Navigation
Journal of Navigation | Year: 2011

In our present age, radio communication and navigational aids are taken without comment throughout the aviation industry. However, all developments must start somewhere and it is the intention of this paper to look into the earliest days of wireless and its gradual application to aviation. The first step was, as far as I can ascertain, in October 1866 when Mahlon Loomis flew a kite from a mountain top in Virginia, USA. He had fitted a copper mesh to the kite and connected this to a copper wire. Between the wire and earth he connected a galvanometer which, he noted, deflected from static electricity. On flying an identical kite at a similar height some fourteen miles away, if the copper wire were earthed, the deflection on the galvanometer changed. However, if the kite wires were of different length, this effect was not observed. For this, in 1872, he was issued with a US Patent 129971 for wireless telegraphy but, as far as we know, apart from a few fading freehand notes, (See Figure 1) no details of his apparatus survive, so it must remain a matter of conjecture what was actually achieved. © The Royal Institute of Navigation 2010.

Beatty C.,Royal Institute of Navigation
International Ocean Systems | Year: 2013

The article discusses the evolution of the GNSS technology. The GPS and GLONASS both provide worldwide position, navigation and timing services, with GLONASS being slightly better at very high latitudes due to the higher inclination of the satellite orbits. Since the early 1990s receivers have been available that will track both GPS and GLONASS to give composite positioning based on a mix of satellites. This has enabled use of GNSS positioning in areas where the use of one constellation alone would not give continuous navigation due to satellite obscuration. GPS has 31 satellites operational but a number of these are now reaching their end-of-life and are in need of replacement. Although development of GPS III is well under way, the US Defense budgetary strictures have caused a considerable slowdown in the enhancement program.

Van Willigen D.,Royal Institute of Navigation | Kellenbach R.,Technical University of Delft | Dekker C.,Technical University of Delft | Van Buuren W.,Portable
GPS World | Year: 2014

A new enhanced differential Loran system demonstrates 5-meter accuracy not achievable by the current DLoran system, and requires less expensive reference stations. The total position error of Loran depends on the accuracy in time of the high-power generated Loran pulses feeding the antenna, the stability of the physical phase center of the Loran transmitter antenna, stability of the tuning of the antenna circuit, the accuracy of the measured additional secondary phase factor stored in the Additional Secondary Factor (ASF) database, and the quality of the Loran receiver. ASF is the additional delay when Loran signals propagate over land with a varying conductivity. Several years ago, the General Lighthouse Authorities (GLA) of the UK and Ireland implemented Differential Loran (DLoran) in the test area around Harwich. Unfortunately, for a number of reasons it proved to be impossible to achieve absolute accuracies of better than 10 meters with DLoran.

Beatty C.,Royal Institute of Navigation | Beatty C.,CBI Ltd
International Ocean Systems | Year: 2014

Collin Beatty, Royal Institute of Navigation, discusses the global navigation satellite systems developed by several countries. GLONASS started its career as a military navigation system in the early 1990s, but later on was used in civilian purposes. Unfortunately, GLONASS suffered due to the decline of Soviet Union and the lack of funds to keep it running. The European Union funded its own satellite navigation system, Gallileo, which has got its first four satellites on orbit. China has also developed its own satellite systems for more global coverage. The last 12 months have seen a number of changes in available signals and services EGNOS, the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay System, has been active for several years. India's GAGAN (GPS aided geostationary augmented navigation) is working successfully for air traffic control in Indian region. Japan has developed its Quasi-Zenith satellite system to provide better coverage than GPS. Work to identify the jammers and spoofers is under serious consideration.

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