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Sampson E.L.,University College London | Jones L.,University College London | Thune-Boyle I.C.,University College London | Kukkastenvehmas R.,Dementia Research Center | And 4 more authors.
Palliative Medicine | Year: 2011

Patients with advanced dementia often receive poor end-of-life care. We aimed to design and pilot a palliative care and advance care plan (ACP) intervention. Patients had undergone emergency hospital admission and had severe dementia. The intervention consisted of a palliative care patient assessment which informed an ACP discussion with the carer, who was offered the opportunity to write an ACP for the person with dementia. Carer-patient dyads were randomized to 'usual care' or the intervention. Carer-related outcome measures included the Kessler Distress Scale, Decision Satisfaction Inventory, Client Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Euroqol-5D, measured at baseline, six weeks, six months and three months after bereavement. The Satisfaction with End of Life Care in Dementia Scale was completed if the patient died. The 32 patient participants were physically frail and in the advanced stages of dementia: 62% had pressure damage to the skin, all needed feeding assistance and 95% were in pain. Nearly 50% died during the six-month follow-up period. Carers were difficult to recruit during acute admission; 33 patients and carers entered the study (22 intervention arm; 11 control arm). Only seven carers made ACPs. The care planning discussion was well received, but few carers wrote an ACP, despite intensive support from an experienced nurse specialist. Advance care planning is, in theory, a necessary intervention for people with severe dementia; the reluctance of carers to write plans needs to be explored further. © The Author(s) 2010. Source

Oseni A.,University College London | Crowley C.,University College London | Lowdell M.,Royal Free Hospital | Birchall M.,University College London | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine | Year: 2012

Cartilage tissue engineering is a rapidly progressing area of regenerative medicine with advances in cell biology and scaffold engineering constantly being investigated. Many groups are now capable of making neocartilage constructs with some level of morphological, biochemical, and histological likeness to native human cartilage tissues. The application of this useful technology in articular cartilage repair is well described in the literature; however, few studies have evaluated its application in head and neck reconstruction. Although there are many studies on auricular cartilage tissue engineering, there are few studies regarding cartilage tissue engineering for complex nasal reconstruction. This study therefore highlighted the challenges involved with nasal reconstruction, with special focus on nasal cartilage tissue, and examined how advancements made in cartilage tissue engineering research could be applied to improve the clinical outcomes of total nasal reconstructive surgery. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

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