Royal Dutch Shell plc , commonly known as Shell, is an Anglo–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom. Created by the merger of Royal Dutch Petroleum and UK-based Shell Transport & Trading, and as of 2014 it is the fourth largest company in the world, in terms of revenue, and one of the six oil and gas "supermajors".Shell is also one of the world's most valuable companies. As of January 2013 the largest shareholder is Capital Research Global Investors with 9.85% ahead of BlackRock in second with 6.89%. Shell topped the 2013 Fortune Global 500 list of the world's largest companies. Royal Dutch Shell revenue was equal to 84% of the Netherlands's $555.8 billion GDP at the time.Shell is vertically integrated and is active in every area of the oil and gas industry, including exploration and production, refining, distribution and marketing, petrochemicals, power generation and trading. It has minor renewable energy activities in the form of biofuels and wind. It has operations in over 90 countries, produces around 3.1 million barrels of oil equivalent per day and has 44,000 service stations worldwide. Shell Oil Company, its subsidiary in the United States, is one of its largest businesses.Shell has a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. As of 6 July 2012, it was the largest company on the FTSE, with a market capitalisation of £140.9 billion. It has secondary listings on Euronext Amsterdam and the New York Stock Exchange. Wikipedia.
Royal Dutch Shell | Date: 2016-08-04
A method comprises introducing biomass solids to a digester comprising a reactor, a circulation system including a first injector; providing a catalyst-containing digestion medium and an organic solvent layer floating thereon; circulating the medium through the circulation system; flowing gas through the medium; keeping the medium hot enough to digest the solids; and operating the digester such a headspace exists above the solvent. The digester includes a first eductor having an inlet in the headspace, a second eductor having an inlet in the organic layer, and a downdraft tube having an inlet in the digestion medium. A motive fluid flowing from the first injector draws gas from the headspace into the first eductor, a motive fluid flowing from the first eductor draws fluid from the organic layer into the second eductor, and a motive fluid flowing from the second eductor draws fluid from the digestion medium into the downdraft tube.
Royal Dutch Shell | Date: 2016-06-15
Implementations of the disclosed subject matter provide a process for the aromatization of a methane-containing gas stream that includes contacting the methane-containing gas stream in a reaction zone of an aromatization reactor comprising an aromatization catalyst and a titanium alloy hydrogen acceptor under methane-containing gas aromatization conditions to produce a product stream comprising aromatics and hydrogen, wherein at least a portion of the produced hydrogen is bound by the titanium alloy hydrogen acceptor in the reaction zone and removed from the product and the reaction zone as titanium hydride, and wherein the titanium alloy hydrogen acceptor is a single phase alloy.
Royal Dutch Shell | Date: 2017-01-25
An apparatus and a process for relieving pressure in a chemical plant are disclosed. A gas stream is supplied to a scrubber comprising an organic solvent.
Royal Dutch Shell | Date: 2017-01-04
Slip is inhibited in an area of overlap between a lower well tubular(1) of which an upper end is expanded against a lower end of a previously installed upper tubular(5) by providing the lower well tubular(1) with an outer surface having an upper section(8) that has a larger roughness than an inner surface(7) of the lower well tubular(1). Said upper section(8) may be roughened and/or coated with a coating(8) having a high friction coefficient, (_(o)>0.055) and the lower well tubular(1) may have an inner surface(7) coated with a lubricating coating (_(i)<0.045) and may be expanded an expansion cone(2) that presses the upper end of the lower tubular(1) against the lower end of the upper tubular(5).
Royal Dutch Shell | Date: 2017-04-05
A process for recovering oil from an oil-bearing formation which process comprises injecting into the formation an aqueous solution of dimethyl ether which solution is prepared by (a) mixing dimethyl ether and feed water in a first mixing zone to obtain a dispersion of dimethyl ether and water, and (b) further mixing the dispersion obtained in step (a) in a second mixing zone to obtain the aqueous solution of dimethyl ether.
Royal Dutch Shell | Date: 2017-01-04
The invention relates generally to a method of loading a particulate material into a reactor and to a reactor filled with such material. More particularly the invention relates to a method of loading a catalyst into a reactor and to a reactor filled with such catalyst.
Royal Dutch Shell | Date: 2017-03-01
A process for recovering oil by injecting softened water into an oil-bearing formation which process comprises (a) mixing dimethyl ether with feed water containing multivalent cations and precipitating salt from the mixture of dimethyl ether and water, (b) separating precipitated salt from the mixture of dimethyl ether and water to obtain a mixture of softened water and dimethyl ether, (c) separating dimethyl ether from the mixture obtained in step (b) to obtain softened water, (d) injecting at least part of the softened water obtained in step (c) into the oil-bearing formation, and (e) recovering oil from the formation.
Royal Dutch Shell | Date: 2017-01-11
The present invention relates to a method of cooling and separating a hydrocarbon stream:(a) passing an hydrocarbon feed stream (7) through a first cooling and separation stage to provide a methane enriched vapour overhead stream (110) and a methane depleted liquid stream (10);(b) passing the methane depleted liquid stream (10) to a fractionation column (200) to obtain a bottom condensate stream (210), a top stream enriched in C1-C2 (220) and a midstream enriched in C3-C4 (230),(c) cooling the upper part of the fractionation column (201) by a condenser (206),(d) obtaining a split stream (112) from the methane enriched vapour overhead stream (110) and obtaining a cooled split stream (112) by expansion-cooling the split stream (112),(e) providing cooling duty to the top of the fractionation column (201) using the cooled split stream (112).
Royal Dutch Shell | Date: 2017-03-22
A process for preparing ethylene oxide by reacting ethylene with oxygen in the presence of a catalyst composition comprising a support having a surface area of at least 500 m^(2)/kg, and deposited on the support:- silver metal,- a metal or component comprising rhenium, tungsten, molybdenum or a nitrate- or nitrite-forming compound, and- a Group IA metal or component comprising a Group IA metal having an atomic number of at least 37, and in addition potassium,wherein the value of the expression (Q_(K) / R) + Q_(HIA) is in the range of from 1.5 to 30 mmole/kg, wherein Q_(HIA) and Q_(K) represent the quantities in mmole/kg of the Group IA metal having an atomic number of at least 37 and potassium, respectively, present in the catalyst composition, the ratio of Q_(HIA) to Q_(K) is at least 1:1, the value of Q_(K) is at least 0.01 mmole/kg, and R is a dimensionless number in the range of from 1.5 to 5, the units mmole/kg being relative to the weight of the catalyst composition,wherein a feed comprising ethylene and oxygen is contacted with the catalyst composition, and the feed comprises carbon dioxide, in addition to ethylene and oxygen, in a concentration in the range of from 0.5 to 2 mole-%, relative to the total feed.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: LCE-15-2015 | Award Amount: 15.97M | Year: 2016
STEMM-CCS is an ambitious research and innovation project on geological carbon dioxide (CO2) storage that will deliver new insights, guidelines for best practice, and tools for all phases of the CO2 storage cycle at ocean Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) sites. It brings together the main operator (Shell) of the worlds first commercial scale full-chain ocean demonstration CCS project (Peterhead Project) with the leading scientific and academic researchers in the field of ocean CCS. The work performed in STEMM-CCS will add value to this existing operational programme, and fill gaps in future capability by providing generically applicable definitive guides, technologies and techniques informing how to select a site for CCS operations, how to undertake a risk assessment, how best to monitor the operations, how to provide information on fluxes and quantification of any leakage; necessary for the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) and to guide mitigation/remediation actions. All of this information will be used to better communicate the case for offshore CCS, with a particular focus on communities directly and indirectly impacted. During STEMM-CCS we will perform a simulated CO2 leak beneath the surface sediments at the site to be used for CCS as part of the Peterhead project. This experiment will be used to test CO2 leak detection, leak quantification, impact assessment, and mitigation/remediation decision support techniques currently at the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) stage 4-5 and support their development to a higher TRL. In addition, using new geophysical approaches STEMM-CCS will develop tools to assess leakage from natural geological features (e.g. chimneys) and engineered structures such as abandoned wells. The Peterhead project will commence during the life of STEMM-CCS and so a unique aspect is the focus on a real-world ocean CCS site covering its initial phases of implementation, with direct involvement of industrial partners.