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Vernez Moudon A.,University of Washington | Drewnowski A.,University of Washington | Duncan G.E.,University of Washington | Hurvitz P.M.,University of Washington | And 2 more authors.
Public Health Nutrition | Year: 2013

Objective To assess a county population's exposure to different types of food sources reported to affect both diet quality and obesity rates. Design Food permit records obtained from the local health department served to establish the full census of food stores and restaurants. Employing prior categorization schemes which classified the relative healthfulness of food sources based on establishment type (i.e. supermarkets v. convenience stores, or full-service v. fast-food restaurants), food establishments were assigned to the healthy, unhealthy or undetermined groups. Setting King County, WA, USA. Subjects Full census of food sources. Results According to all categorization schemes, most food establishments in King County fell into the unhealthy and undetermined groups. Use of the food permit data showed that large stores, which included supermarkets as healthy food establishments, contained a sizeable number of bakery/delis, fish/meat, ethnic and standard quick-service restaurants and coffee shops, all food sources that, when housed in a separate venue or owned by a different business establishment, were classified as either unhealthy or of undetermined value to health. Conclusions To fully assess the potential health effects of exposure to the extant food environment, future research would need to establish the health value of foods in many such common establishments as individually owned grocery stores and ethnic food stores and restaurants. Within-venue exposure to foods should also be investigated. © 2013 The Authors.

Soberg M.,Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts
Footprint | Year: 2012

Reflected, artistic practices and design-based research are drastically expanding fields within architectural academia. However, the interest in uniting theory and practice is not entirely new. Just a few decades ago, before a 'death of theory' was proclaimed, questions of architectural epistemology, of the language(s) of architecture, were indeed of profound interest to the discipline. This essay returns to and examines the investigatory practices of John Hejduk in an attempt to identify a poetic method asserting difference through repetition and primarily grounded in the medium of architectural drawing; a method which, when approached on a more general and conceptual level, might even have the potential to inform design-based architectural research today. The author argues that the conceptual framework of such a method is not a theoretical pursuit of logos, but more a matter of character - an embracing pursuit of an architectural ethos.

Beim A.,Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts
Structures and Architecture: Concepts, Applications and Challenges - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Structures and Architecture, ICSA 2013 | Year: 2013

With point of departure in the present challenges found in the construction industry, which concern a reduced use of energy in buildings and consumption of material resources - this paper forms a tectonic inquiry into contemporary building practice. The aim is to look at specific performative tendencies, which can be traced in the use of materials, the structural features and the construction details of building systems in selected architectural works. With a particular focus at heavy constructions made of solid wood and masonry, and light-weight constructions made of wooden frame structures and steel profiles, it is the intention to analyze, compare, and discuss how these various construction solutions point out strategies for development based on fundamentally different mindsets. The research questions address the following issues: How to learn from traditional construction principles: When do we see limitations of tectonic maneuver; how does the performative logic challenge the heavy building constructions. © 2013 Taylor & Francis Group.

Rasmussen A.R.,Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts | Elmberg J.,Kristianstad University College | Gravlund P.,Copenhagen University | Ineich I.,French Natural History Museum
Zootaxa | Year: 2011

Sea snakes (Elapidae, subfamilies Hydrophiinae and Laticaudinae) reach a very high species richness in Southeast Asia, but most countries in the region still lack comprehensive and up-to-date identification tools for these snakes. We present an updated checklist of sea snakes in Vietnam. We also provide diagnostic characters for all species and a new complete identification key, chiefly based on easy-to-use external characters. The checklist and key cover the 25 species documented from Vietnam, as well as three likely future additions to its sea snake fauna. By surveying incoming fishing vessels between Nha Trang and the mouth of Mekong River in 2000-2001, we were able to document two species new for Vietnamese waters: Hydrophis belcheri and H. pachycercos. Through these surveys we also secured four specimens of the rare endemic species H. parviceps, formerly known only from two specimens. A comprehensive bibliography of the literature treating sea snakes in Vietnamese waters is provided. Copyright © 2011 - Magnolia Press.

Rizzuto J.P.,University of Greenwich | Larsen O.P.,Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts
International Journal of Space Structures | Year: 2010

Novel architectural forms can be created by connecting reciprocal frame (RF) and mutually supported elements (MSE) circuits together. These networks produce interesting architectural and engineering opportunities and challenges. The opportunities include the creation of roof and standalone structures that have distinctive architectural expression. The challenges include the determination of the often-complex configuration geometry between the elements and their connection system. A key feature of sloping RF and MSE geometry is that at the joint locations the element's centroidal axes generally do not coincide. An eccentricity at these positions has therefore to be incorporated within the connection system. This has a direct impact on element sizing, connection design, fabrication and erection sequences. RF and MSE spatial structure networks give rise to complex structural behaviour. Element-to-element connection eccentricity orientation is a controlling key feature in the determination of how the forces, moments and stresses are distributed between MSEs. The orientation of the eccentricity can be random or aligned to produce a vertical intersection distance as generally used in RF construction. The eccentricity derived from the common perpendicular to the centroidal axes is more commonly used in MSE circuit assembly. This paper considers the various methods used to connect RF and MSE networks and discusses their impact and comparative design advantages and disadvantages.

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