Desai S.R.,Radiology Partners |
Hedayati V.,Radiology Partners |
Patel K.,Radiology Partners |
Hansell D.M.,The Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust
European Radiology | Year: 2015
Abstract: The propensity for Aspergillus spp. to cause lung disease has long been recognised but the satisfactory classification of these disorders is challenging. The problems caused by invasive disease in severely neutropenic patients, saprophytic infection of pre-existing fibrotic cavities and allergic reactions to Aspergillus are well documented. In contrast, a more chronic form of Aspergillus-related lung disease that has the potential to cause significant morbidity and mortality is under-reported. The symptoms of this form of Aspergillus infection may be non-specific and the radiologist may be the first to suspect a diagnosis of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis. The current review considers the classification conundrums in diseases caused by Aspergillus spp. and discusses the typical clinical and radiological profile of patients with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis. Key Points: • The classification ofAspergillus-related lung disease is mired in confusion. • The chronic form of Aspergillus infection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. • Progressive consolidation and cavitation with intracavitary material is the radiological hallmark. © 2015, European Society of Radiology.
PubMed | The Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association | Year: 2013
Effective nutrition health interventions are theory-based, as well as being drawn from practice and research, aiming to successfully accomplish dietary behavioural changes. However, the integration of theory, research and practice to develop community dietary educational programmes is a challenge that many interventionists feel ill equipped to achieve.In the present study, a community-based education programme was designed for Bangladeshi patients with chronic kidney disease and hypertension. The goal of this programme was to reduce dietary salt intake in this population group, with a view to reducing their blood pressure and slowing kidney disease progression.The present study sets out the first four steps of a six-step model for creating a behaviour change programme.These four steps were concerned with the translation of theory and evidence into intervention objectives, and illustrate how a practical, community-based intervention was developed from behavioural theory, relevant research, knowledge of practice and the target patient group. Steps 5 and 6, which are concerned with implementation and evaluation, will be reported separately.