PubMed | University of Nottingham, Barts Health NHS Trust, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Queensland Mycobacterial Reference Laboratory and 35 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Science (New York, N.Y.) | Year: 2016
Lung infections with Mycobacterium abscessus, a species of multidrug-resistant nontuberculous mycobacteria, are emerging as an important global threat to individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF), in whom M. abscessus accelerates inflammatory lung damage, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Previously, M. abscessus was thought to be independently acquired by susceptible individuals from the environment. However, using whole-genome analysis of a global collection of clinical isolates, we show that the majority of M. abscessus infections are acquired through transmission, potentially via fomites and aerosols, of recently emerged dominant circulating clones that have spread globally. We demonstrate that these clones are associated with worse clinical outcomes, show increased virulence in cell-based and mouse infection models, and thus represent an urgent international infection challenge.
PubMed | Royal Brompton and Harefield National Health Service NHS Foundation Trust
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Year: 2011
The objective was to define the characteristics of a real-world patient population treated with transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), regardless of technology or access route, and to evaluate their clinical outcome over the mid to long term.Although a substantial body of data exists in relation to early clinical outcomes after TAVI, there are few data on outcomes beyond 1 year in any notable number of patients.The U.K. TAVI (United Kingdom Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation) Registry was established to report outcomes of all TAVI procedures performed within the United Kingdom. Data were collected prospectively on 870 patients undergoing 877 TAVI procedures up until December 31, 2009. Mortality tracking was achieved in 100% of patients with mortality status reported as of December 2010.Survival at 30 days was 92.9%, and it was 78.6% and 73.7% at 1 year and 2 years, respectively. There was a marked attrition in survival between 30 days and 1 year. In a univariate model, survival was significantly adversely affected by renal dysfunction, the presence of coronary artery disease, and a nontransfemoral approach; whereas left ventricular function (ejection fraction <30%), the presence of moderate/severe aortic regurgitation, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease remained the only independent predictors of mortality in the multivariate model.Midterm to long-term survival after TAVI was encouraging in this high-risk patient population, although a substantial proportion of patients died within the first year.