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Parvizi J.,Thomas Jefferson University | Gehrke T.,Helios ENDO Klinik Hamburg | Chen A.F.,Rothman Institute
Bone and Joint Journal | Year: 2013

Louis Pasteur once said that: "Fortune favours the prepared mind." As one of the great scientists who contributed to the fight against infection, he emphasised the importance of being prepared at all times to recognise infection and deal with it. Despite the many scientific discoveries and technological advances, such as the advent of antibiotics and the use of sterile techniques, infection continues to be a problem that haunts orthopaedic surgeons and inflicts suffering on patients. The medical community has implemented many practices with the intention of preventing infection and treating it effectively when it occurs. Although high-level evidence may support some of these practices, many are based on little to no scientific foundation. Thus, around the world, there is great variation in practices for the prevention and management of periprosthetic joint infection. This paper summaries the instigation, conduct and findings of a recent International Consensus Meeting on Surgical Site and Periprosthetic Joint Infection. © 2013 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Kane J.M.,Thomas Jefferson University | Raikin S.M.,Rothman Institute
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A | Year: 2014

Background: Tibial malunions and nonunions are associated with degenerative changes about the ankle. A comprehensive literature review revealed no articles discussing treatment options for patients with tibial shaft malunion and ipsilateral ankle arthritis. The aim of our study was to evaluate a series of patients in whom tibial osteotomy and retrograde tibiotalocalcaneal nailing were used to treat both tibial deformity and ankle osteoarthritis. Methods: Twenty-five patients underwent retrograde tibiotalocalcaneal nailing with concomitant realignment tibial osteotomy with takedown of the nonunion ormalunion in a single procedure. All surgical procedures were performed by a single surgeon at a single institution. Baseline patient characteristics (age, sex, body mass index [BMI], preoperative diagnosis, and prior surgical procedures) were recorded. Data including visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores (0 to 10, with 0 indicating no pain and 10 indicating worst pain) and American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot (AOFAS-AH) scores were prospectively collected at the preoperative evaluation and the time of final follow-up, and patients were asked about their final satisfaction. Preoperative VAS scores averaged 8.3 (range, 7 to 10) of 10, which improved to an average of 2.8 (range, 0 to 6) at the time of final follow-up (p < 0.01). The preoperative AOFAS-AH scores averaged 43 (range, 18 to 62) of 100 and improved to 76 (range, 57 to 84) at the time of follow-up (p = 0.022). Twenty-one patients (84%) stated that they were extremely satisfied with the result of the procedure, three patients (12%) were satisfied, and one patient (4%) with a poor result was unsatisfied. Conclusions: Tibial malunion or nonunion with concomitant hindfoot arthritis can be addressed with a single-stage procedure consisting of tibial osteotomy and retrograde intramedullary nailing for correction of the angular deformity and hindfoot fusion. This procedure provides a viable alternative to multiplanar external fixation or a staged procedure addressing the nonunion or angular deformity and the hindfoot arthritis separately. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. Copyright © 2014 by the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.

Bican O.,Rothman Institute
The journal of knee surgery | Year: 2011

Fibromyalgia has recently emerged as a diagnosis of exclusion for patients with chronic, widespread pain. We investigated the influence of this comorbidity on outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We matched 59 patients (90 knees) who underwent primary TKA with a diagnosis of fibromyalgia to control patients who underwent the same surgery. Postoperative satisfaction and functional outcomes were assessed using a Likert scale and the SF-36 survey, respectively. At 3.4 years' follow-up, fibromyalgia patients were less satisfied with TKA than control patients, and had lower preoperative and postoperative SF-36 scores. They demonstrated improvement comparable to that of controls following TKA, however. Fibromyalgia patients appear to show improvement comparable to that of controls following surgery. This syndrome should not be considered a contraindication for surgery.

Beatty T.,Rothman Institute
Current Sports Medicine Reports | Year: 2012

Osteitis pubis is one of many etiologies of groin pain in athletes. It is a painful overuse injury of the pubic symphysis and the parasymphyseal bone that typically is found in athletes whose sports involve kicking, rapid accelerations, decelerations, and abrupt directional changes. Athletes most commonly present with a complaint of anterior and/or medial groin pain but also can present with lower abdominal, adductor, inguinal, perineal, and/or scrotal pain. Symptoms can be severe and can limit participation in sport until treatment is instituted. Imaging is useful for ruling out other etiologies of groin pain, identifying concomitant pathology, and confirming the diagnosis itself. Treatment is varied but usually includes nonoperative measures of rest, rehabilitation, and/or pharmacotherapy and alsomay include injections and/or surgical procedures. A high clinical suspicion should existwhen evaluating soccer, rugby, orAmerican football players and distance runners who present with complaints of groin pain. Copyright © 2012 by the American College of Sports Medicine.

Miller A.G.,Thomas Jefferson University | Margules A.,Thomas Jefferson University | Raikin S.M.,Rothman Institute
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A | Year: 2012

Background: The overall rate of complications after ankle fracture fixation varies between 5% and 40% depending on the population investigated, and wound complications have been reported to occur in 1.4% to 18.8% of patients. Large studies have focused on complications in terms of readmission, but few studies have examined risk factors for wound-related issues in the outpatient setting in a large number of patients. A review was performed to identify risk factors for wound complications tracked in the hospital and outpatient setting. Methods: Four hundred and seventy-eight patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation of an ankle fracture between 2003 and 2010 by a single surgeon at a single institution. Demographic characteristics, time to surgery, comorbidities, and postoperative care were tracked. Wound complications were defined as those requiring dressing care and oral antibiotics or requiring further surgical treatment. Results: Of the 478 patients who were followed, six (1.25%) had wounds requiring surgical debridement. Fourteen patients (2.9%) required further dressing care or a course of oral antibiotics. There were significant associations between wound complications and a history of diabetes (p < 0.001), peripheral neuropathy (p = 0.003), wound-compromising medications (p = 0.011), open fractures (p = 0.05), and postoperative noncompliance (p = 0.027). There was a significant difference in age between patients with and without wound complications (p = 0.045). We did not identify a relationship between time to surgery and complications. Conclusions: These results highlight the difficulty of treating medically complex and noncompliant patient populations. With careful preoperative monitoring of swelling, time to surgery does not affect wound outcome. The failure of the patient to adhere to postoperative instructions should be a concern to the treating surgeon. Level of Evidence: Prognostic Level I. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. Copyright © 2012 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.

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