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Roskilde, Denmark

Pedersen L.,Roskilde Hospital
The Physician and sportsmedicine | Year: 2011

Elite athletes have a high prevalence of asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Although respiratory symptoms can be suggestive of asthma, the diagnosis of asthma in elite athletes cannot be based solely on the presence or absence of symptoms; diagnosis should be based on objective measurements, such as the eucapnic voluntary hyperpnea test or exercise test. When considering that not all respiratory symptoms are due to asthma, other diagnoses should be considered. Certain regulations apply to elite athletes who require asthma medication for asthma. Knowledge of these regulations is essential when treating elite athletes. This article is aimed at physicians who diagnose and treat athletes with respiratory symptoms. It focuses on the pathogenesis of asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in elite athletes and how the diagnosis can be made. Furthermore, treatment of elite athletes with asthma, anti-doping regulations, and differential diagnoses such as exercise-induced laryngomalacia are discussed. Source

Frederiksen H.,Aarhus University Hospital | Frederiksen H.,University of Southern Denmark | Farkas D.K.,Aarhus University Hospital | Christiansen C.F.,Aarhus University Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2011

Patients with chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms, including essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), are at increased risk of new hematologic malignancies, but their risk of nonhematologic malignancies remains unknown. In the present study, we assessed the risk of both types of malignancies after an ET, PV, or CML diagnosis. We linked 2 population-based nationwide registries, the Danish National Registry of Patients, covering all Danish hospitals and the Danish Cancer Registry, and assessed subsequent cancer risk in a cohort of all 7229 patients diagnosed with a chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm during 1977-2008. We compared the incidence of subsequent cancer in this cohort with that expected on the basis of cancer incidence in the general population (standardized incidence ratio). Overall, ET, PV, and CML patients were at increased risk of developing both new hematologic and nonhematologic cancers. The standardized incidence ratio for developing a nonhematologic cancer was 1.2 (95% confidence interval [95% CI]): 1.0-1.4) for patients with ET, 1.4 (95% CI: 1.3-1.5) for patients with PV, and 1.6 (95% CI: 1.3-2.0) for patients with CML. We conclude that patients with chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms are at increased risk of developing a new malignant disease. © 2011 by The American Society of Hematology. Source

Ibler K.S.,Roskilde Hospital | Jemec G.B.,Copenhagen University
Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs | Year: 2015

Introduction: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common skin disease. Although most patients are well served by existing therapies, a subset of patients with severe AD are still not adequately treated. An improved understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms behind the disease has led to the development of a range of potential new drugs for this indication.Areas covered: The authors provide a narrative review of the drugs in Phase II trials listed on Clinicaltrials.gov. The authors supplement this information with recently published literature located through PubMed. The main target of new treatments appears to be the inflammation process, whereas drugs aimed at reducing itching or increasing the barrier function are fewer to nonexistent. A wide range of drugs, including small molecules and antibodies, are being tested.Expert opinion: The focus on inflammation is not only driven by the limitations posed by our current understanding of biology, but also by the broader scope of these drugs, which may be used in other diseases. In alignment with the recent drug development of other dermatological diseases, antibodies directed at key molecules in the pathogenesis of AD appear to be the most promising. © 2015 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Gniadecki R.,Copenhagen University | Kragballe K.,Aarhus University Hospital | Dam T.N.,Roskilde Hospital | Skov L.,Copenhagen University
British Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2011

Background: Adherence to treatment is an indicator of treatment success. Long-term data on adherence to biologic treatment in psoriasis are lacking. Objectives: To compare the tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitors regarding drug survival rate and safety in patients with psoriasis. Methods: This study is based on data from the Danish nationwide database DERMBIO covering patients with psoriasis treated with a biologic agent. All patients who received anti-TNF-α treatment in academic referral centres were included. Baseline data, adverse events, time on treatment and reason for stopping treatment were recorded. Hazard ratios (HRs) for factors determining drug survival were calculated by logistic regression. Results: In total, 882 treatment series with etanercept (n = 311), adalimumab (n = 427) or infliximab (n = 144) were administered to 747 patients. Significant predictors of drug survival were: sex, the anti-TNF-α agent and the previous response to an anti-TNF-α agent. In the group of anti-TNF-α-naïve patients the longest drug survival was observed for infliximab, followed by adalimumab [HR vs. infliximab 3·70, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·99- 6·89] and etanercept (HR vs. infliximab 3·18, 95% CI 1·72-5·86). The 4-year drug survival is in the range of 40% for etanercept or adalimumab vs. 70% for infliximab. There was no difference in number of adverse events. Conclusions: The overall efficacy of anti-TNF-α drugs diminishes with time, as envisaged by the progressive loss of patient adherence to treatment. The major reasons for stopping treatment were loss of efficacy, followed by adverse events. Infliximab had the best patient retention ability, with 70% of patients still being on the drug after 4 years of treatment. © 2011 British Association of Dermatologists. Source

Andersen C.L.,Roskilde Hospital
Danish medical journal | Year: 2012

The mast cell lives a hidden life, but it is implicated in several physiological reactions. Its ability to react to different stimuli impacts a variety of conditions such as asthma, atopic dermatitis, urticaria and anaphylaxis. It is not until recent decades that the evolution of the cell has been described and its fascinating biology has only recently been depicted. We here give a review of systemic mastocytosis in regards to cell biology, diagnostic approaches and clinical practice. A search was made in PubMed in August 2011 entering the keywords: mastocytosis, (systemic, cutaneous, aggressive), mast cell leukaemia, mast cell sarcoma, chromosome, mutation, haematology and treatment. Mastocytosis is characterized by an abnormal proliferation of mast cells, which accumulate in one or several organ systems, primarily the skin and bone marrow. The disease is clinically heterogeneous and varies from a relatively benign condition with isolated cutaneous lesions to a very aggressive systemic condition with a grave prognosis. The condition affects men and women equally. Children are especially affected by the cutaneous form. In most children, the condition will improve or remit spontaneously before adulthood. Mastocytosis in adults, however, is more often systemic and tends to persist. Patients with mastocytosis represent a heterogeneous group in terms of clinical presentation, management and prognosis. Furthermore, a range of medical specialties serve as the primary entrance to health services, which can be a challenge in respect of achieving uniform management. In order to improve diagnostics and management of systemic mastocytosis, the European Competence Network on Mastocytosis has been established. Patients under suspicion of systemic mastocytosis should be conferred with or referred to a haematological and a dermatological/allergological department. Source

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