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Agrawal R.,Rohilkhand Medical College Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2012

Aim: To evaluate the clinico - pathological profile of patients with cysticercosis cellulosae. Materials and Methods: The clinico - pathological data of patients with cysticercosis cellulosae who were reviewed during the last 5 years, were retrospectively analysed. Results: Of the total 6805 biopsies analysed, 21 cases of cysticercosis in the soft tissues were observed. Excisional biopsy was performed to diagnose the lesion. The pattern of distribution was striated muscles in 11(52.4%), eye in 6 (28.6%), subcutaneous tissues in 2(9.5%), tongue in 1(4.8%) and breast in 1(4.8%) patient. Anterior abdominal wall was the most involved site. Conclusion: Cysticercosis, a parasitic infestation caused by Taenia solium is a major health problem in the developing countries. It is a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma for the clinicians. Steps towards control and possible eradication of the disease are needed, as the disease causes not only chronic morbidity, but also contributes to economic losses in an already impoverished population.

Agrawal R.,Rohilkhand Medical College Hospital | Kumar M.,Rohilkhand Medical College Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2012

Malignant melanoma of the scrotum is the rarest of the primary genitourinary melanomas, with only 19 cases having been reported previously. The authors have described a rare case of a primary scrotal neoplasm. The necessity of a prompt diagnosis has been emphasized. We are presenting an additional case of this often aggressive malignancy. The pertinent literature has been reviewed and the current management strategies have been discussed.

Prasad T.,Rohilkhand Medical College Hospital | Narain S.,Rohilkhand Medical College Hospital
Indian Journal of Community Health | Year: 2015

The survival of neonates with surgical pathology has improved considerably in developed countries but is still poor in developing countries due to many factors. The study was done to report the prevalence, patterns, and factors that influenced deaths of surgical neonates in a tertiary care hospital in India. 102 neonates were included in the study and the prevalence of neonatal death was evaluated and statistically analysed. Gastrointestinal lesions were the major indications for treatment and accounted for the largest proportion of surgical neonatal deaths. Timely referrals, early resuscitative measures and above all a team for neonatal care is needed to decrease mortality in surgical neonates. © 2015, Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine. All rights reserved.

Agrawal R.,Rohilkhand Medical College Hospital | Agarwal S.,Rohilkhand Medical College Hospital
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2012

We are reporting herewith a case of 54-year old lady who presented with a painless, peanut sized swelling in the right upper eyelid which was there since the past 2 months. No other local or systemic features were associated with it. An incisional biopsy was performed under local anaesthesia. The histopathological examination revealed an epithelioid granuloma with Langhans giant cells. The PCR test of the tissue confirmed the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB). The patient was given anti-tubercular therapy and she is responding well, with the eyelid swelling being resolved.

Gaur S.,Rohilkhand Medical College Hospital | Joshi M.C.,Rohilkhand Medical College Hospital | Jos H.S.,Rohilkhand Medical College Hospital | Saxena S.,Indian Institute of Petroleum
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2013

Catalysis Conversion Process Division, Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehradun, Uttaranchal, IND Background: There is plenty of water available in hills, the main problem of the locality is the drinking water. These water resources are not exploited for drinking and irrigation purposes. Also, certain health problems are associated with people living in hills that are because of the presence of excess of heavy metals and other impurities. Aims and Objectives: The present study was conducted to analyze the various parameters of ground water in uttarakhand, India and to check its fitness for drinking. It will also clarify the health hazards imposed on the population of this state. Design & Setting: The present study was conducted in five regions of Uttarakhand, India (Haridwar, Vikasnagar, Mussoorie, Dehradun & Dakpathar) during 2006-2007. Ten samples of ground water were collected from each of the five regions during the pre-monsoon (Jan-Feb 2007) and post-monsoon (Sept-Oct 2006) seasons. Materials & Method: The pH was estimated by pH meter and the alkalinity was determined by titration methods. The total suspended solid was calculated by the following formula: Total suspended solid (mg)/ltr = (A-B) x 1000/sample vol. in litres. Where, A= weight of filter + dried residue, B=weight of filter paper. Total hardness was calculated by adding calcium and magnesium hardness derived by EDTA titration method. The chloride was estimated by silver nitrate titration method and sulphates were estimated by titration method. The different heavy metals (Mn, Al, Ba, Cd, Cr, Co, Cu, Fe and Pb) were determined in the ground water samples by ICP mass spectroscopy. Results: The concentrations of heavy metals, pH, alkalinity, sulphate, chloride, TDS & Total Hardness (TH) were compared with the standards set by BIS for Drinking water (IS 10500:1991). The results show that water quality of all the five regions studied showed no remarkable variation from the BIS recommended value of pH (6.5-8.5). The alkalinity was above the BIS desirable level of 200mg/l in all the samples, but was less than the maximum permissible limit. The Drinking water of all the regions contains higher amounts of TDS than the desirable limits. The maximum TDS was detected in Haridwar (682.5 mg/L) and dehradun (610 mg/L) state. The ground water of mussoorie region shows total hardness to be above the BIS desirable level of 300mg/l. The chloride content was above the BIS desirable level of 250mg/l in dehradun only. The sulphate content was highest in haridwar (197.5mg/l) and dehradun (170mg/l) but it was below the desirable limit of 200mg/l. The cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), and lead (Pb) content of all the five regions of Uttarakhand showed higher the BIS permissible limits of 0.01, 0.05 and 0.05 mg/l respectively. The content of manganese (Mn), barium (Ba), Copper (Cu), cobalt (Co), iron (Fe) are within the permissible limit of BIS standards for drinking water.

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