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Fargo, ND, United States

Traynor A.M.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Lee J.-W.,Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Bayer G.K.,Green Bay Oncology | Tate J.M.,Roger Maris Cancer Center | And 5 more authors.
Investigational New Drugs

Background: The objective of ECOG 1503 was to determine the response rate of this combination in the second-line treatment of advanced NSCLC. Methods: Triapine 105 mg/m2 IV on days 1, 8, and 15, and gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, and 15, of a 28 day cycle. Results: Eighteen patients enrolled. Three patients were not eligible due to protocol violations. No objective antitumor responses were seen. Three patients (20%) experienced stable disease (90% CI 5.7-44%). Median overall survival: 5.4 months (95% CI 4.2-11.6 months); median time to progression: 1.8 months (95% CI 1.7-3.5 months). Five patients developed acute infusion reactions to Triapine® related to elevated methemoglobinemia. Patients with MDR1 variant genotypes of C3435T experienced superior overall survival compared to non-variants (13.3 vs. 4.3 months, respectively, p = 0.023). Conclusion: This regimen did not demonstrate activity in relapsed NSCLC. Prolonged survival seen with MDR1 variant genotypes is hypothesis-generating. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Sylvester R.K.,North Dakota State University | Steen P.,Roger Maris Cancer Center | Tate J.M.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Mehta M.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | And 3 more authors.
Anti-Cancer Drugs

Genotyping of putative determinants of temozolomide (TMZ)-induced life-threatening bone marrow suppression was performed in two patients with glioma treated with adjuvant TMZ and radiation therapy. DNA was extracted from the patients' mononuclear cells and genotyping of O-methylguanine-DNA- methyltransferase (MGMT), multidrug resistance (MDR1; also known as ABCB1), NQO1, and GSTP1 genes and analysis for the epigenetic silencing of specific MGMT gene promoters were carried out to evaluate the possible genetic determinants of increased risk of severe TMZ-induced myelosuppression. Although both patients were heterozygous for all ABCB1 single nucleotide polymorphisms and for rs12917 and rs1803965 in the MGMT gene, patient 1 was heterozygous for rs1695 in GSTP1 and rs2308327 in the MGMT gene. This patient also exhibited GG genotype for the MGMT single nucleotide polymorphisms, rs2308321, which is noteworthy for its 0.7% frequency globally. Epigenetic silencing of MGMT gene was not detected in either patient. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms identified in patient 1 (missense I143V and K178R polymorphisms; rs2308321 and rs2308327, respectively) have recently been shown to correlate with an increased risk of severe TMZ-induced myelosuppression. The polymorphisms identified in patient 2 have not been associated with an increased risk of severe TMZ-induced myelosuppression. Genotyping analyses of larger patient populations administered TMZ are required to validate the genetic determinants of severe TMZ-induced myelosuppression. © 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Al Hallak M.N.,University of North Dakota | Al Hallak M.N.,Roger Maris Cancer Center | Hage-Nassar G.,Meritcare Hospital | Mouchli A.,Meritcare Hospital
Case Reports in Gastroenterology

Primary colorectal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is one of the very rare malignancies of the gastrointestinal tract. The diagnosis cannot be made before ruling out other common primary sites. Using the endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) technique to get a tissue biopsy for submucosal tumors has not been demonstrated as the best diagnostic approach in the literature. Surgery is the gold standard treatment with arising evidence of good efficacy following conventional chemoradiation therapy. A 49-year-old male presented with rectal discomfort. Sigmoidoscopy revealed multiple submucosal masses in the rectosigmoid colon. Mucosal biopsies showed nonspecific inflammation. Subsequently, an EUS with fine needle biopsy was done and established the diagnosis of rectal SCC. There were no other primary sites noticed in the extensive evaluation. The patient chose to be treated only with chemoradiation without surgery. At the time of writing this report he had no evidence of recurrence achieving 2.5 years of survival. EUS is an emerging excellent approach to diagnose submucosal colorectal SCC. This case will add supportive evidence of having a complete response following combining treatment with squamous cell directed chemotherapy and external beam radiotherapy without preceded surgery. © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Daniels T.B.,Mayo Medical School | Brown P.D.,Mayo Medical School | Felten S.J.,Cancer Center Statistics | Wu W.,Cancer Center Statistics | And 6 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics

Purpose: A prognostic index for survival was constructed and validated from patient data from two European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) radiation trials for low-grade glioma (LGG). We sought to independently validate this prognostic index with a separate prospectively collected data set (Intergroup 86-72-51). Methods and Materials: Two hundred three patients were treated in a North Central Cancer Treatment Group-led trial that randomized patients with supratentorial LGG to 50.4 or 64.8 Gy. Risk factors from the EORTC prognostic index were analyzed for prognostic value: histology, tumor size, neurologic deficit, age, and tumor crossing the midline. The high-risk group was defined as patients with more than two risk factors. In addition, the Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE) score, extent of surgical resection, and 1p19q status were also analyzed for prognostic value. Results: On univariate analysis, the following were statistically significant (p < 0.05) detrimental factors for both progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS): astrocytoma histology, tumor size, and less than total resection. A Mini Mental Status Examination score of more than 26 was a favorable prognostic factor. Multivariate analysis showed that tumor size and MMSE score were significant predictors of OS whereas tumor size, astrocytoma histology, and MMSE score were significant predictors of PFS. Analyzing by the EORTC risk groups, we found that the low-risk group had significantly better median OS (10.8 years vs. 3.9 years, p < 0.0001) and PFS (6.2 years vs. 1.9 years, p < 0.0001) than the high-risk group. The 1p19q status was available in 66 patients. Co-deletion of 1p19q was a favorable prognostic factor for OS vs. one or no deletion (median OS, 12.6 years vs. 7.2 years; p = 0.03). Conclusions: Although the low-risk group as defined by EORTC criteria had a superior PFS and OS to the high-risk group, this is primarily because of the influence of histology and tumor size. Co-deletion of 1p19q is a prognostic factor. Future studies are needed to develop a more refined prognostic system that combines clinical prognostic features with more robust molecular and genetic data. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source

Kumar R.,Mayo Medical School | Pruthi R.K.,Mayo Medical School | Pruthi R.K.,Comprehensive Hemophilia Center | Kobrinsky N.,Roger Maris Cancer Center | And 3 more authors.
Pediatric Blood and Cancer

Development of pseudotumors is an unusual complication of hemophilia. Treatment is controversial, especially in patients with large proximal lesions. Surgery, while curative, can be associated with massive intra-operative bleeding, infection and amputation. Arterial embolization of blood vessels supplying the pseudotumor may reduce these complications. Herein, we report a 14-year-old patient with moderate hemophilia B with a pelvic pseudotumor and pseudoaneurysm that failed conservative management with factor replacement alone. He was successfully treated with Bead Block and coil embolization followed by surgical extirpation of the lesion 24 hr later. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Source

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