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Hamilton, MT, United States

Roy C.J.,The New School | Song K.,Health Science Center | Sivasubramani S.K.,The New School | Gardner D.J.,NIAID Rocky Mountain Laboratories | Pincus S.H.,Health Science Center
Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology | Year: 2012

Animal models of ricin toxicosis are necessary for testing the efficacy of therapeutic measures, as well studying the mechanisms by which ricin exerts its toxicity in intact animals. Because ricin can serve as a particularly well-characterized model of tissue damage, and the host response to that damage, studies of the mechanisms of ricin toxicity may have more general applicability. For example, our studies of the molecular mechanisms underlying the development of ricin-induced hypoglycemia may help elucidate the relationship of type II diabetes, insulin resistance, and inflammation. Studies in non-human primates are most relevant for testing and developing agents having clinical utility. But these animals are expensive and limited in quantity, and so rodents are used for most mechanistic studies. © 2011 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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