Mayo Clinics Robert d Patricia rn Center For The Science Of Health Care Delivery

Lake of the Woods, United States

Mayo Clinics Robert d Patricia rn Center For The Science Of Health Care Delivery

Lake of the Woods, United States
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Griffin J.M.,Minneapolis VA Healthcare System | Bangerter L.R.,Pennsylvania State University | Bangerter L.R.,Mayo Clinics Robert d Patricia rn Center For The Science Of Health Care Delivery | Friedemann-Sanchez G.,University of Minnesota | And 8 more authors.
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry | Year: 2017

Veterans who survive multiple traumatic injuries, including traumatic brain injuries (TBI), must often rely on family caregivers for ongoing care and support with reintegration. Understanding factors associated with caregiving that help or harm caregivers' health is critical for identifying appropriate and effective interventions that support caregiver health and promote the provision of quality care to veterans. This study utilized cross-sectional data from the Family and Caregiver Experiences Study, a survey of 564 caregivers caring for veterans who served after September 11, 2001, survived TBI/polytrauma during service, and received inpatient rehabilitation care in a Veterans Affairs Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationship between caregiver stress (i.e., veterans' neurobehavioral problems and intensity of care required), and caregiver well-being (i.e., caregiver burden and mental health). Analyses also examined how intrapersonal, family or social, and financial resources mediate and moderate the relationship between caregiver stress and well-being. Results indicate that veterans' neurobehavioral problems and intensity of required care were associated with more caregiver burden, and more burden was associated with poor mental health. Intrapersonal and family or social resources mediated the relationship between veteran functioning and mental health. Family or social resources also moderated the relationship between care intensity and burden. The model explained a moderate amount of variability in burden (59%) and a substantial amount in mental health (75%). We conclude that caregivers of veterans with neurobehavioral problems who require intense care are at risk for burden and poor mental health. Increasing resources to bolster family or social resources may reduce risks.


Hallbeck M.S.,Mayo Clinics Robert d Patricia rn Center For The Science Of Health Care Delivery | Hallbeck M.S.,Mayo Medical School | Lowndes B.R.,Mayo Clinics Robert d Patricia rn Center For The Science Of Health Care Delivery | Lowndes B.R.,Mayo Medical School | And 8 more authors.
Applied Ergonomics | Year: 2017

Recent literature has demonstrated ergonomic risk to surgeons in the operating room. One method used in other industries to mitigate these ergonomic risks is the incorporation of microbreaks. Thus, intraoperative microbreaks with exercises in a non-crossover design were studied. Fifty-six attending surgeons from 4 Medical Centers volunteered first in a day of their regular surgeries and then second day where there were microbreaks with exercises that could be performed in the sterile field, answering questions after each case, without significantly increasing the duration of their surgeries. Surgeons self-reported improvement or no change in their mental focus (88%) and physical performance (100%) for the surgical day incorporating microbreaks with exercises. Discomfort in the shoulders was significantly reduced while distractions and flow impact was minimal. Eighty-seven percent of the surgeons wanted to incorporate the microbreaks with exercises into their OR routine. Intraoperative microbreaks with exercises may be a way to mitigate work-related musculoskeletal fatigue, pain and injury. © 2016 The Authors

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