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Jospeh R.K.,RIS
Asian Biotechnology and Development Review | Year: 2010

Limitations of the national law in remedying biopiracy led to the negotiations on an international regime on Access and Benefit Sharing. The deliberations were stuck for a long time due to the extreme divergent views of the developed countries on the one hand and of the biodiversity rich developing countries on the other. A compromise was reached recently during the tenth COP at Nagoya, Japan, after more than six years of negotiations. To what extend did the developing countries succeed in meeting their demands? This paper provides an overview of the positions held by the developed countries, the biotech and pharmaceutical industries and the developing countries during the negotiations and makes an assessment of the provisions of the Nagoya Protocol to see if the developing countries really stand to gain. © 2010, RIS.

Magni P.A.,University of Turin | Harvey M.L.,Deakin University | Harvey M.L.,University of Western Australia | Saravo L.,RIS | Dadour I.R.,University of Western Australia
Forensic Science International | Year: 2012

Insects are known to be useful in estimating time since death, but this is only possible if samples are collected and preserved correctly according to best practices. This report describes a case where an 18-year old female was found dead and during the first medico-legal investigation which determined it was a homicide, entomological samples were collected but not considered. The case was then closed with no suspect. However, 9 years after the first investigation the courts decided that the case needed to be re-examined. In doing so the new review team decided that although the remaining entomological evidence was poorly preserved some extra information may be gained from its analyses. On inspection of the remaining samples of larvae no normal morphological analyses could be conducted. Molecular analyses were combined with an unorthodox morphological analysis to provide an estimate of the post-mortem interval based on insect evidence, indicating the value of multidisciplinary approaches to both cold and contemporary cases. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Kumar A.,RIS | Desai P.N.,Jawaharlal Nehru University
Asian Biotechnology and Development Review | Year: 2013

Nanobiotechnology, as an area of application of nanotechnology in the domain of biotechnology, is poised to have a strong influence on the various facets of the biotechnology sector such as agricultural biotechnology, animal biotechnology, environment biotechnology or health biotechnology. Many countries have initiated various programmes/schemes to harness the potentialities that nanotechnology has to offer in the biotechnology sector. This article attempts to present an overview of the nanobiotechnology public R&D system in India and carry out its SWOT analysis. © 2013, RIS.

Chaturvedi S.,RIS | Srinivas K.R.,RIS | Singh P.,RIS
Asian Biotechnology and Development Review | Year: 2012

Although Article 26 of the Cartagena Protocol enables countries to take into account socio-economic aspects in decision-making with respect to Living Modified Organisms (LMOs), translating that into practice has not been easy. Countries have followed different approaches; while some countries have chosen to use a comprehensive list of socio-economic impacts they want to assess, some countries have not given to this much importance. This article explains the need for taking socio-economic aspects into account and analyses the practices followed in this. It suggests a model that differentiates technology regulation from decision-making taking into account the socio-economic aspects. This model takes into account the socioeconomic aspects in four stages of commercialisation and it is suggested as a suitable model for developing countries. © 2012, RIS.

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