Montalescot G.,Group 47 |
Van't Hof A.W.,Isala Clinics |
Lapostolle F.,Service DAide Medicale Urgente 93 |
Silvain J.,Group 47 |
And 23 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2014
BACKGROUND The direct-acting platelet P2Y12 receptor antagonist ticagrelor can reduce the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events when administered at hospital admission to patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Whether prehospital administration of ticagrelor can improve coronary reperfusion and the clinical outcome is unknown.METHODS We conducted an international, multicenter, randomized, double-blind study involving 1862 patients with ongoing STEMI of less than 6 hours' duration, comparing prehospital (in the ambulance) versus in-hospital (in the catheterization laboratory) treatment with ticagrelor. The coprimary end points were the proportion of patients who did not have a 70% or greater resolution of ST-segment elevation before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and the proportion of patients who did not have Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction flow grade 3 in the infarct-related artery at initial angiography. Secondary end points included the rates of major adverse cardiovascular events and definite stent thrombosis at 30 days.RESULTS The median time from randomization to angiography was 48 minutes, and the median time difference between the two treatment strategies was 31 minutes. The two coprimary end points did not differ significantly between the prehospital and inhospital groups. The absence of ST-segment elevation resolution of 70% or greater after PCI (a secondary end point) was reported for 42.5% and 47.5% of the patients, respectively. The rates of major adverse cardiovascular events did not differ significantly between the two study groups. The rates of definite stent thrombosis were lower in the prehospital group than in the in-hospital group (0% vs. 0.8% in the first 24 hours; 0.2% vs. 1.2% at 30 days). Rates of major bleeding events were low and virtually identical in the two groups, regardless of the bleeding definition used.Conclusions: Prehospital administration of ticagrelor in patients with acute STEMI appeared to be safe but did not improve pre-PCI coronary reperfusion. Copyright © 2014 Massachusetts Medical Society. All rights reserved.
Deerenberg E.B.,Erasmus University Rotterdam |
Harlaar J.J.,Erasmus University Rotterdam |
Steyerberg E.W.,Erasmus University Rotterdam |
Lont H.E.,Vlietland Ziekenhuis |
And 14 more authors.
The Lancet | Year: 2015
Background Incisional hernia is a frequent complication of midline laparotomy and is associated with high morbidity, decreased quality of life, and high costs. We aimed to compare the large bites suture technique with the small bites technique for fascial closure of midline laparotomy incisions. Methods We did this prospective, multicentre, double-blind, randomised controlled trial at surgical and gynaecological departments in ten hospitals in the Netherlands. Patients aged 18 years or older who were scheduled to undergo elective abdominal surgery with midline laparotomy were randomly assigned (1:1), via a computer-generated randomisation sequence, to receive small tissue bites of 5 mm every 5 mm or large bites of 1 cm every 1 cm. Randomisation was stratified by centre and between surgeons and residents with a minimisation procedure to ensure balanced allocation. Patients and study investigators were masked to group allocation. The primary outcome was the occurrence of incisional hernia; we postulated a reduced incidence in the small bites group. We analysed patients by intention to treat. This trial is registered at Clinicaltrials.gov, number NCT01132209 and with the Nederlands Trial Register, number NTR2052. Findings Between Oct 20, 2009, and March 12, 2012, we randomly assigned 560 patients to the large bites group (n=284) or the small bites group (n=276). Follow-up ended on Aug 30, 2013; 545 (97%) patients completed follow-up and were included in the primary outcome analysis. Patients in the small bites group had fascial closures sutured with more stitches than those in the large bites group (mean number of stitches 45 [SD 12] vs 25 ; p<0·0001), a higher ratio of suture length to wound length (5·0 [1·5] vs 4·3 [1·4]; p<0·0001) and a longer closure time (14  vs 10  min; p<0·0001). At 1 year follow-up, 57 (21%) of 277 patients in the large bites group and 35 (13%) of 268 patients in the small bites group had incisional hernia (p=0·0220, covariate adjusted odds ratio 0·52, 95% CI 0·31-0·87; p=0·0131). Rates of adverse events did not differ significantly between groups. Interpretation Our findings show that the small bites suture technique is more effective than the traditional large bites technique for prevention of incisional hernia in midline incisions and is not associated with a higher rate of adverse events. The small bites technique should become the standard closure technique for midline incisions. Funding Erasmus University Medical Center and Ethicon. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
van der Marck M.A.,Radboud University Nijmegen |
Munneke M.,Radboud University Nijmegen |
Mulleners W.,Canisius Wilhelmina Ziekenhuis |
Hoogerwaard E.M.,Rijnstate Ziekenhuis |
And 7 more authors.
The Lancet Neurology | Year: 2013
Background: A multidisciplinary approach is thought to be the best way to manage the motor and non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease, but how such care should be delivered is unknown. To address this gap in knowledge, we assessed the effectiveness of an integrated multidisciplinary approach compared with usual care. Methods: We recruited patients for our non-randomised controlled trial from six community hospitals in the Netherlands (two in regions where the integrated care intervention was available and four in control regions that administered usual care). Eligible patients were those with Parkinson's disease, aged 20-80 years, and without severe cognitive impairment or comorbidity. Patients in the intervention group were offered an individually tailored comprehensive assessment in an expert tertiary referral centre and subsequent referrals to a regional network of allied health professionals specialised in Parkinson's disease. Primary outcomes were activities of daily living (Academic Medical Center linear disability score [ALDS]) and quality of life (Parkinson's disease quality of life questionnaire [PDQL]) measured at 4, 6, and 8 months. Secondary outcomes included motor functioning (unified Parkinson's disease rating scale, part III [UPDRS III], at 4 months), caregiver burden (belastungsfragebogen Parkinson angehörigen-kurzversion [BELA-A-k] at 4 and 8 months), and costs (during whole study period). Primary analysis was by intention to treat and included scores over 4, 6, and 8 months, with correction for baseline score. The trial is registered at Clinicaltrials.gov, number NCT00518791. Findings: We recruited 301 patients (150 patients in the intervention group and 151 in the control group) between August, 2007, and December, 2009, of whom 285 completed follow-up (last follow-up was July, 2010). 101 (67%) patients in the intervention group visited the expert centre; 49 (33%) opted not to visit the expert centre. The average ALDS score from months 4, 6, and 8, with correction for baseline score, was greater in the intervention group than in the control group (difference 1·3 points, 95% CI -2·1 to 2·8; corresponding raw logit score difference 0·1, 95% CI 0·003 to 0·2) as was the average PDQL score (difference 3·0 points, 0·4 to 5·6). Secondary analysis with correction for baseline disease severity showed no differences between groups for ALDS (difference 0·9 points, 95% CI -0·6 to 2·4; corresponding raw logit score difference 0·1, -0·02 to 0·3) or PDQL (difference 1·7 points, -1·2 to 4·6). Secondary outcomes did not differ between groups (UPDRS III score difference 0·6 points, 95% CI -1·4 to 2·6; BELA-A-k score difference 0·8 points, -0·2 to 1·8; cost difference €742, -€489 to €1950). Interpretation: This integrated care approach offered only small benefits to patients with Parkinson's disease, and these disappeared after correction for baseline disease severity. These results suggest that different approaches are needed to achieve more substantial health benefits. Funding: NutsOhra Foundation, Stichting Parkinson Nederland, National Parkinson Foundation. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Munsters J.M.,Rijnstate Ziekenhuis
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde | Year: 2013
Great progress has been made in reducing the incidence of SIDS in the Netherlands, but the number of SIDS cases has remained constant in recent years. The American Academy of Pediatrics has new guidelines for safe sleep. Existing recommendations remain valid such as (a) discouraging prone- and side-sleeping; (b) encouraging parent and child to sleep in one room but not in one bed; and (c) avoiding second-hand smoke. The new recommendations include: (a) pre-term neonates born after 32 weeks should be placed in a supine position; (b) twins should not sleep in the same bed ('co-bedding'); (c) use of a pacifier is recommended once breastfeeding is well underway; and (d) use of stabilization pillows is not recommended. There should also be an emphasis on educating parents before discharging their newborn from the hospital.
Maessen-Visch M.B.,Rijnstate Ziekenhuis |
de Roos K.-P.,DermaPark
Phlebology | Year: 2014
The revised guideline of 2013 is an update of the 2005 guideline "venous leg ulcer". In this special project four separate guidelines (venous leg ulcer, varicose veins, compression therapy and deep venous disorders) were revised and developed simultaneously. A meeting was held including representatives of any organisation involved in venous disease management including patient organizations and health insurance companies. Eighteen clinical questions where defined, and a new strategy was used to accelerate the process. This resulted in two new and two revised guidelines within one year. The guideline committee advises use of the C of the CEAP classification as well as the Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS) and a Quality of life (QoL) score in the assessment of clinical signs. These can provide insight into the burden of disease and the effects of treatment as experienced by the patient. A duplex ultrasound should be performed in every patient to establish the underlying aetiology and to evaluate the need for treatment (which is discussed in a separate guideline).The use of the TIME model for describing venous ulcers is recommended. There is no evidence for antiseptic or antibiotic wound care products except for a Cochrane review in which some evidence is presented for cadexomer iodine. Signs of infection are the main reason for the use of oral antibiotics. When the ulcer fails to heal the use of oral aspirin and pentoxifylline can be considered as an adjunct. For the individual patient, the following aspects should be considered: the appearance of the ulcer (amount of exudate) according to the TIME model, the influence of wound care products on moisturising the wound, frequency of changing compression bandages, pain and allergies. The cost of the dressings should also be considered. Education and training of patients t improves compliance with compression therapy but does not influence wound healing rates. © The Author(s) 2014.
Slegers C.A.,Rijnstate Ziekenhuis
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde | Year: 2012
A 50-year-old Caucasian man was admitted with unexplained abdominal pain. Based on CT scan results, a perforation resulting from colitis of the transverse colon was suspected. Additional colonoscopy showed ulcerative stenosis of the transverse colon. Initially, the patient recovered on conservative treatment; however, because of persistent stenosis, an elective resection of the transverse colon was performed. A CT scan revealed free gas around the anastomosis on the fourth postoperative day. Relaparotomy revealed leakage and diffuse ischaemic changes around the anastomosis as well as perforations at different sites on the small bowel. Postoperative CT angiography showed stenosis of the proximal celiac trunk, which was successfully stented. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) revealed luminal irregularities of the superior mesenteric, the middle colic as well as the main hepatic and splenic arteries. Eventually, the clinical presentation and surgical, radiologic and histopathological findings together led to the diagnosis of polyarteritis nodosa (PAN). Aggressive treatment with glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide resulted in the resolution of symptoms and the disappearance of radiologic abnormalities.
van Eekeren R.R.,Rijnstate Ziekenhuis
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde | Year: 2011
In the past decades, endovenous techniques have played an increasingly important role in the treatment of varicose veins. The method of action of these techniques is based on heat, making tumescent anesthesia necessary. Despite this anesthesia, heat-induced complications such as skin burns, nerve damage and prolonged pain may occur. Endovenous mechanochemical ablation, in contrast, utilises an infusion catheter with a rotating tip. Obliteration of the insufficient vein is achieved both by mechanical destruction to the endothelium and by the fibrosing effect of a sclerosant. Tumescent anaesthesia can be omitted during this ablation technique, which makes it quicker and less painful than other endovenous treatments. This new technique is safe and has shown to be effective in the short term, with high satisfaction rates in treated patients.
Kramer M.,Rijnstate ziekenhuis
Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde | Year: 2013
Legionnaires' disease is frequently complicated by extrapulmonary symptoms such as neurological abnormalities. Cerebellar disorders are rare, but can be long-lasting and disabling. A 57-year-old male developed severe cerebellar disorders such as dysarthria and ataxia after being hospitalized for pneumonia. Despite an extensive diagnostic work-up, no explanation for the cerebellar symptoms could be found. The patient was transferred to a rehabilitation facility. Repeated serological tests revealed infection with Legionella, which was most probably the cause of the cerebellar dysfunction. Cerebellar disorders are a rare complication of Legionnaires' disease. The pathogenesis is unknown. There is no diagnostic test that proves or excludes cerebellar involvement in an infection caused by Legionella. The treatment is supportive and recovery can take months or even years.
Van Stralen R.A.,Sint Maartenskliniek |
Van Hellemondt G.G.,Sint Maartenskliniek |
Ramrattan N.N.,Sint Maartenskliniek |
De Visser E.,Rijnstate Ziekenhuis |
De Kleuver M.,Sint Maartenskliniek
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research | Year: 2013
Background: Many surgeons recommend pelvic osteotomy to treat symptomatic hip dysplasia in younger patients. We previously reported a cohort of patients at 10 and 15 years followup in which 65% of the patients showed no progression of osteoarthritis (OA). Questions/purposes: The purposes of this study were to determine whether the triple osteotomy can provide (1) continuing pain relief and (2) function; and to determine the (3) incidence of OA and (4) number of patients undergoing THAs 23 years or more after triple osteotomy. Methods: Between 1980 and 1987, 51 pelvic osteotomies were performed in 43 patients (38 females and five males; mean age, 28 years; range, 14-48 years). Followup was obtained for 40 patients (49 of 51 hips; 96%). Clinical evaluation, including pain, mobility, and ROM, was graded according to the subgroups of the modified scoring system of Merle d'Aubigné and Postel. The minimum followup was 23 years (mean, 25 years; range, 23-29 years). Results: The mean VAS pain score increased from 27 mm to 31 mm at the last followup, but remained substantially lower than before surgery. The mean Merle d'Aubigné-Postel score improved from 13 preoperatively to 15 at a mean of 10 years followup but at last followup, the mean score had decreased to 14, thereby showing a trend to diminish. At 15 years followup, 20 patients showed signs of OA. At 25 years followup, 18 of 33 patients without THAs showed signs of OA (55%). Six patients (six hips) had undergone THAs at 15 years, increasing to 15 patients (16 hips) at 25 years. Conclusion: While the triple osteotomy for symptomatic developmental dysplasia of the hip in young adults provides substantial pain relief and restores function in most patients, these results deteriorate over decades owing to the development of OA. Even in joints without preoperative OA, a THA cannot always be avoided. The triple osteotomy does not normalize the joint and the incidence of THA in this group of patients (32%) is much higher than in the general population. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. © 2012 The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons®.
Maessen-Visch M.B.,Rijnstate Ziekenhuis
Phlebology | Year: 2016
Compression therapy and treating venous insufficiency is the standard of care for venous leg ulcers. The need for debridement on healing venous leg ulcers is still debated. Dressings are often used under compression bandages to promote faster healing and prevent adherence of the bandage to the ulcer. A wide range of dressings is available, including modern dressings with different kinds of biological activity. Microbial burden is believed to underlie delayed healing, but the exact role of microbiofilm in wound healing is uncertain. Before choosing a specific wound dressing, four main functions should be considered: (1) cleaning, (2) absorbing, (3) regulating or (4) the necessity of adding medication. There is no clear evidence to support the use of one dressing over another, as demonstrated by many Cochrane review studies. In addition, the prescriber should enquire about contact allergies that may also develop during wound treatment. It is shown that early intervention and early investment may reduce the cost of treatment. The choice of wound dressings should be guided by cost, ease of application and patient and physician preference and be part of the complete strategy. The role of the medical specialist is evident. Wound dressings matter as part of the optimal treatment in VLU patients. © 2016, © The Author(s) 2016.