Porto Alegre, Brazil
Porto Alegre, Brazil

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Victoria F.D.C.,Federal University of Pelotas | Bervald C.M.P.,Ricetec Seeds Inc. | Da Maia L.C.,Federal University of Pelotas | De Sousa R.O.,Federal University of Pelotas | And 2 more authors.
Genome | Year: 2012

Iron is involved in many metabolic processes, such as respiration and photosynthesis, and therefore an essential element for plant development. Comparative analysis of gene copies between crops and lower plant groups can shed light on the evolution of genes important to iron homeostasis. A phylogenetic analysis of five metal homeostasis gene families (NAS, NRAMP, YSL, FRO, and IRT) selected in monocots, dicots, gymnosperms, and bryophytes was performed. The homologous genes were found using known iron homeostasis gene sequences of Oryza sativa, Arabidopsis thaliana, and Physcomitrella patens as queries. The phylogeny was constructed using bioinfomatics tools. A total of 243 gene sequences for 30 plant species were found. The evolutionary fingerprint analysis suggested a purifying selective pressure of iron homeostasis genes for most of the plant gene homologues. The NAS and YSL genes appear to accumulate more negative selection sites, suggesting a strong selective pressure on these two gene families. The divergence time analysis indicates IRT as the most ancient gene family and FRO as the most recent. NRAMP and YSL genes appear to share a close relationship in the evolution of iron homeostasis gene families. © 2012 Published by NRC Research Press.

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