William Marsh Rice University, commonly referred to as Rice University or Rice, is a private research university located on a 295-acre campus in Houston, Texas, United States. The university is situated near the Houston Museum District and is adjacent to the Texas Medical Center. It is consistently ranked among the top 20 universities in the U.S. and the top 100 in the world.Opened in 1912 after the murder of its namesake William Marsh Rice, Rice is now a research university with an undergraduate focus. Its emphasis on education is demonstrated by a small student body and 5:1 student-faculty ratio, among the lowest in the top American universities including the Ivy League. The university has produced 101 Fulbright Scholars, 11 Truman Scholars, 24 Marshall Scholars, 12 Rhodes Scholars, 3 Nobel Laureates, 2 Pulitzer Prize winners, and at least 2 deceased and 2 living billionaires. The university has a very high level of research activity for its size, with $115.3 million in sponsored research funding in 2011. Rice is noted for its applied science programs in the fields of artificial heart research, structural chemical analysis, signal processing, space science, and nanotechnology. It was ranked first in the world in materials science research by the Times Higher Education in 2010. Rice is a member of the Association of American Universities.Rice is noted for its entrepreneurial activity, and has been recognized as the top ranked business incubator in the world by the Stockholm-based UBI Index for both 2013 and 2014.The university is organized into eleven residential colleges and eight schools of academic study, including the Wiess School of Natural science, the George R. Brown School of Engineering, the School of Social science, and the School of Humanities. Graduate programs are offered through the Jesse H. Jones Graduate School of Business, School of Architecture, Shepherd School of Music, and Susanne M. Glasscock School of Continuing Studies. Rice students are bound by the strict Honor Code, which is enforced by a uniquely student-run Honor Council.Rice competes in 14 NCAA Division I varsity sports and is a part of Conference USA, often competing with its cross-town rival the University of Houston. Intramural and club sports are offered in a wide variety of activities such as jiu jitsu, water polo, and crew. Wikipedia.
Halas N.J.,Rice University
Nano Letters | Year: 2010
While studies of surface plasmons on metals have been pursued for decades, the more recent appearance of nanoscience has created a revolution in this field with "Plasmonics" emerging as a major area of research. The direct optical excitation of surface plasmons on metallic nanostructures provides numerous ways to control and manipulate light at nanoscale dimensions. This has stimulated the development of novel optical materials, deeper theoretical insight, innovative new devices, and applications with potential for significant technological and societal impact. Nano Letters has been instrumental in the emergence of plasmonics, providing its readership with rapid advances in this dynamic field. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
Tour J.M.,Rice University
Chemistry of Materials | Year: 2014
Graphene electronic devices can be made by top-down (TD) or bottom-up (BU) approaches. This Perspective defines and explains those two approaches and discusses the advantages and limitations of each, particularly in the context of graphene fabrication. It is further exemplified using graphene nanoribbons as the prototypical graphene structure that can be prepared using either a TD or BU approach. The TD approach is well-suited for placement of large arrays of devices on a chip using standard patterning tools. However, the TD approach severely compromises the edges of the graphene since present fabrication tools are coarse relative to the ∼0.1 nm definition of a C-C bond. The BU approach can afford exquisite control of the graphene edges; however, placing the structures, en mass, in the locations of interest is often impossible. Also, using the BU approach, it can be very difficult to make device structures long enough for integration with TD-derived probe electrodes. Specific examples are shown, along with an outlook for optimization of future graphene devices in order to capitalize upon the advantages of both TD and BU fabrication methodologies. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
West J.L.,Rice University
Nature Materials | Year: 2011
Wylie et al. have demonstrate the simultaneous immobilization of multiple proteins in hydrogels with three-dimensional (3D) spatial control. The growth of cells in 3D gels made of collagen or reconstituted extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins has shown that cellular responses in such systems are different from observations made on polystyrene surfaces. By using two-photon chemistry, Wylie and colleagues show the feasibility of patterning two proteins, the stem-cell differentiation factors sonic hedgehog (SHH) and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), as opposed to the shorter bioactive peptides that have been previously immobilized in two-photon patterning studies. As a result of this experiment, stacks of patterned agarose hydrogel layers are fabricated and that the pair of fusion proteins barstar SSH and biotin CNTF remain bioactive after immobilization.
Dai P.,Rice University
Reviews of Modern Physics | Year: 2015
High-transition temperature (high-Tc) superconductivity in the iron pnictides or chalcogenides emerges from the suppression of the static antiferromagnetic order in their parent compounds, similar to copper oxide superconductors. This raises a fundamental question concerning the role of magnetism in the superconductivity of these materials. Neutron scattering, a powerful probe to study the magnetic order and spin dynamics, plays an essential role in determining the relationship between magnetism and superconductivity in high-Tc superconductors. The rapid development of modern neutron time-of-flight spectrometers allows a direct determination of the spin dynamical properties of iron-based superconductors throughout the entire Brillouin zone. In this paper, an overview is presented of the neutron scattering results on iron-based superconductors, focusing on the evolution of spin-excitation spectra as a function of electron and hole doping and isoelectronic substitution. Spin dynamical properties of iron-based superconductors are compared with those of copper oxide and heavy fermion superconductors and the common features of spin excitations in these three families of unconventional superconductors and their relationship with superconductivity are discussed. © 2015 American Physical Society.
Kinard L.A.,Rice University
Nature protocols | Year: 2012
This protocol describes the synthesis of oligo(poly(ethylene glycol) fumarate) (OPF; 1-35 kDa; a polymer useful for tissue engineering applications) by a one-pot reaction of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and fumaryl chloride. The procedure involves three parts: dichloromethane and PEG are first dried; the reaction step follows, in which fumaryl chloride and triethylamine are added dropwise to a solution of PEG in dichloromethane; and finally, the product solution is filtered to remove by-product salt, and the OPF product is twice crystallized, washed and dried under vacuum. The reaction is affected by the molecular weight of PEG and reactant molar ratio. The OPF product is cross-linked by radical polymerization by either a thermally induced or ultraviolet-induced radical initiator, and the physical properties of the OPF oligomer and resulting cross-linked hydrogel are easily tailored by varying PEG molecular weight. OPF hydrogels are injectable, they polymerize in situ and they undergo biodegradation by hydrolysis of ester bonds. The expected time required to complete this protocol is 6 d.