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Schadow S.,University of Marburg | Siebert H.-C.,RI B NT Research Institute of Bioinformatics and Nanotechnology | Lochnit G.,Justus Liebig University | Kordelle J.,Agaplesion Evangelical Hospital Mittelhessen | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Destruction of articular cartilage is a characteristic feature of osteoarthritis (OA). Collagen hydrolysates are mixtures of collagen peptides and have gained huge public attention as nutriceuticals used for prophylaxis of OA. Here, we evaluated for the first time whether different bovine collagen hydrolysate preparations indeed modulate the metabolism of collagen and proteoglycans from human OA cartilage explants and determined the chemical composition of oligopeptides representing collagen fragments. Using biophysical techniques, like MALDI-TOF-MS, AFM, and NMR, the molecular weight distribution and aggregation behavior of collagen hydrolysates from bovine origin (CH-Alpha®, Peptan™ B 5000, Peptan™ B 2000) were determined. To investigate the metabolism of human femoral OA cartilage, explants were obtained during knee replacement surgery. Collagen synthesis of explants as modulated by 0-10 mg/ml collagen hydrolysates was determined using a novel dual radiolabeling procedure. Proteoglycans, NO, PGE2, MMP-1, -3, -13, TIMP-1, collagen type II, and cell viability were determined in explant cultures. Groups of data were analyzed using ANOVA and the Friedman test (n = 5-12). The significance was set to p≤0.05. We found that collagen hydrolysates obtained from different sources varied with respect to the width of molecular weight distribution, average molecular weight, and aggregation behavior. None of the collagen hydrolysates tested stimulated the biosynthesis of collagen. Peptan™ B 5000 elevated NO and PGE2 levels significantly but had no effect on collagen or proteoglycan loss. All collagen hydrolysates tested proved not to be cytotoxic. Together, our data demonstrate for the first time that various collagen hydrolysates differ with respect to their chemical composition of collagen fragments as well as by their pharmacological efficacy on human chondrocytes. Our study underscores the importance that each collagen hydrolysate preparation should first demonstrate its pharmacological potential both in vitro and in vivo before being used for both regenerative medicine and prophylaxis of OA. © 2013 Schadow et al.


Kar R.K.,Bose Institute of India | Gazova Z.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Gazova Z.,University of P.J. Šafarik | Bednarikova Z.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | And 9 more authors.
Biomacromolecules | Year: 2016

Degenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's and prion diseases, as well as type II diabetes, have a pathogenesis associated with protein misfolding, which routes with amyloid formation. Recent strategies for designing small-molecule and polypeptide antiamyloid inhibitors are mainly based on mature fibril structures containing cross β-sheet structures. In the present study, we have tackled the hypothesis that the rational design of antiamyloid agents that can target native proteins might offer advantageous prospect to design effective therapeutics. Lysozyme amyloid fibrillization was treated with three different peptide fragments derived from lysozyme protein sequence R107-R115. Using low-resolution spectroscopic, high-resolution NMR, and STD NMR-restrained docking methods such as HADDOCK, we have found that these peptide fragments have the capability to affect lysozyme fibril formation. The present study implicates the prospect that these peptides can also be tested against other amyloid-prone proteins to develop novel therapeutic agents. © 2016 American Chemical Society.


PubMed | RI B NT Research Institute of Bioinformatics and Nanotechnology, Bose Institute of India, Slovak Academy of Sciences, RAS Institute of Organic Chemistry and University of Michigan
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biomacromolecules | Year: 2016

Degenerative diseases, such as Alzheimers and prion diseases, as well as type II diabetes, have a pathogenesis associated with protein misfolding, which routes with amyloid formation. Recent strategies for designing small-molecule and polypeptide antiamyloid inhibitors are mainly based on mature fibril structures containing cross -sheet structures. In the present study, we have tackled the hypothesis that the rational design of antiamyloid agents that can target native proteins might offer advantageous prospect to design effective therapeutics. Lysozyme amyloid fibrillization was treated with three different peptide fragments derived from lysozyme protein sequence R(107)-R(115). Using low-resolution spectroscopic, high-resolution NMR, and STD NMR-restrained docking methods such as HADDOCK, we have found that these peptide fragments have the capability to affect lysozyme fibril formation. The present study implicates the prospect that these peptides can also be tested against other amyloid-prone proteins to develop novel therapeutic agents.


Krylov V.B.,RAS N. D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry | Grachev A.A.,RAS N. D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry | Ustyuzhanina N.E.,RAS N. D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry | Ushakova N.A.,Russian Academy of Medical Sciences | And 9 more authors.
Russian Chemical Bulletin | Year: 2011

Chondroitin sulfates isolated from cartilage of five marine fish species: Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus), blackmouth catshark (Galeus melastomus), birdbeak dogfish (Deania calcea), and Arctic skate (Amblyraja hyperborea), were characterized in detail by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The complete signal assignments for carbohydrates were made and the relative contents of the key structural units were estimated by 2D homonuclear and heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy (COSY, TOCSY, NOESY, HSQC, and HMBC). The average length of the polysaccharide chain was evaluated from the integrated intensity ratio of the terminal and internal monosaccharide residues. The anti-inflammatory and anticoagulant activities of the specimens were studied. Chondroitin sulfates from salmon and Arctic skate exhibit considerable anti-inflammatory activity. All specimens manifest weak anticoagulant activity. The results of the present study indicate that chondroitin sulfates deserve more detailed investigation as potential anti-inflammatory agents. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.


PubMed | Hunan Normal University, University Utrecht, Galway Technology Park, University of Hamburg and 5 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: ChemMedChem | Year: 2016

Polysialic acid (polySia) and polySia glycomimetic molecules support nerve cell regeneration, differentiation, and neuronal plasticity. With a combination of biophysical and biochemical methods, as well as data mining and molecular modeling techniques, it is possible to correlate specific ligand-receptor interactions with biochemical processes and invivo studies that focus on the potential therapeutic impact of polySia, polySia glycomimetics, and sulfated polysaccharides in neuronal diseases. With this strategy, the receptor interactions of polySia and polySia mimetics can be understood on a submolecular level. As the HNK-1 glycan also enhances neuronal functions, we tested whether similar sulfated oligo- and polysaccharides from seaweed could be suitable, in addition to polySia, for finding potential new routes into patient care focusing on an improved cure for various neuronal diseases. The knowledge obtained here on the structural interplay between polySia or sulfated polysaccharides and their receptors can be exploited to develop new drugs and application routes for the treatment of neurological diseases and dysfunctions.


Stotzel S.,Justus Liebig University | Schurink M.,University Utrecht | Wienk H.,University Utrecht | Siebler U.,RI B NT Research Institute of Bioinformatics and Nanotechnology | And 10 more authors.
ChemPhysChem | Year: 2012

Heterogeneous mixtures of collagen fragments can be used as nutrition supplement or as key ingredients for ointments with therapeutic relevance in wound healing. Some mixtures of collagen fragments are referred to as collagen hydrolysates owing to the production process with hydrolytic enzymes. Since the precise composition of collagen hydrolysates is generally unknown, it is of interest to analyze samples containing various collagen fragments with appropriate biophysical methods. Any product optimization without a profound knowledge concerning the size and the molecular weight distribution of its components is nearly impossible. It turned out that a combination of AFM methods with NMR techniques is exceptionally suited to examine the size range and the aggregation behavior of the collagen fragments in the hydrolysates of fish, jellyfish, chicken, porcine and bovine collagen. Supported by molecular modeling calculations, the AFM and NMR experiments provide a detailed knowledge about the composition of collagen hydrolysates and collagen ointments. Furthermore, the data allow a correlation between the size of the fragments and their potential bioactivity. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Kosinska M.K.,Justus Liebig University | Ludwig T.E.,University of Calgary | Liebisch G.,University of Regensburg | Zhang R.,RI B NT Research Institute of Bioinformatics and Nanotechnology | And 11 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Background: Hyaluronic acid (HA), lubricin, and phospholipid species (PLs) contribute independently or together to the boundary lubrication of articular joints that is provided by synovial fluid (SF). Our study is the first reporting quantitative data about the molecular weight (MW) forms of HA, lubricin, and PLs in SF from cohorts of healthy donors, patients with early (eOA)- or late (lOA)-stage osteoarthritis (OA), and patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: We used human SF from unaffected controls, eOA, lOA, and RA. HA and lubricin levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. PLs was quantified by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Fatty acids (FAs) were analyzed by gas chromatography, coupled with mass spectrometry. The MW distribution of HA was determined by agarose gel electrophoresis. Results: Compared with control SF, the concentrations of HA and lubricin were lower in OA and RA SF, whereas those of PLs were higher in OA and RA SF. Moreover, the MW distribution of HA shifted toward the lower ranges in OA and RA SF. We noted distinct alterations between cohorts in the relative distribution of PLs and the degree of FA saturation and chain lengths of FAs. Conclusions: The levels, composition, and MW distribution of all currently known lubricants in SF - HA, lubricin, PLs - vary with joint disease and stage of OA. Our study is the first delivering a comprehensive view about all joint lubricants during health and widespread joint diseases. Thus, we provide the framework to develop new optimal compounded lubricants to reduce joint destruction. © 2015 Kosinska et al.


Zhang R.,University of Kiel | Zhang R.,RI B NT Research Institute of Bioinformatics and Nanotechnology | Eckert T.,Justus Liebig University | Lutteke T.,Justus Liebig University | And 8 more authors.
Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2016

The Antimicrobial peptides (e.g. defensins, hevein-like molecules and food-protecting peptides like nisin) are able to interact specifically with contact structures on pathogen surfaces. Besides protein receptors, important recognition points for such contacts are provided by pathogen glycan chains or surface lipids. Therefore, structural data concerning surface exposed glycans and lipids are of the highest clinical interest since these recognition functions play a key role when optimising anti-infection therapies. Approaches in nanomedicine and nanopharmacology in which various biophysical techniques such as NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance), AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy), SPR (Surface Plasmon Resonance) and X-ray crystallography can be combined with biochemical and cell-biological methods will lead to improved antimicrobial peptides by this rational drug design approach. Such a strategy is extremely well suited to support clinical studies focussing on an effective fight against multiresistant pathogens. The data sets which are described here can be considered as universal for the design of various antimicrobial drugs against certain pathogens (bacteria, viruses and fungi) which cause severe diseases in humans and animals. Furthermore, these insights are also helpful for progressing developments in the field of food conservation and food preservation. A detailed analysis of the structure-function relationships between antimicrobial peptides and contact molecules on pathogen surfaces at the sub-molecular level will lead to a higher degree of specificity of antimicrobial peptides. © 2016 Bentham Science Publishers.


PubMed | RI B NT Research Institute of Bioinformatics and Nanotechnology, Justus Liebig University and Slovak Academy of Sciences
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of molecular sciences | Year: 2017

The most frequent disease of the locomotor system is osteoarthritis (OA), which, as a chronic joint disease, might benefit more from nutrition than acute illnesses. Collagen hydrolysates (CHs) are peptidic mixtures that are often used as nutraceuticals for OA. Three CHs were characterized biochemically and pharmacologically. Our biophysical (MALDI-TOF-MS, NMR, AFM) and fluorescence assays revealed marked differences between CHs of fish (Peptan

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