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Ródos, Greece

Giorgakis E.,Royal London Hospital | Karydakis V.,Rhodes General Hospital | Farghaly A.,Royal London Hospital
Hippokratia | Year: 2012

Background: Endometriosis is a common disorder in women of reproductive age. A rare localization is the appendix, which, in most cases, is an incidental finding during appendectomies. The incidence of symptomatic appendiceal endometriosis or endometrial appendicitis might be increased in pregnancy. Moreover, endometrial appendicitis in pregnancy is more likely to present in an advanced stage, given the physiologic changes characterizing the gravid abdomen. Materials and Methods: Description of a case of a pregnant woman presenting to the A&E with acute peritonitis attributable to advanced appendicitis. She underwent emergency laparotomy with appendectomy. The biopsy specimen was examined by the pathology laboratory of the same hospital. Results: The laparotomy revealed perforated appendicitis. The histopathology report described acute endometrial appendicitis. Source

Tilsed J.V.T.,Surgery Health Care Group | Casamassima A.,Istituto Clinico Citta Studi | Kurihara H.,Emergency Surgery and trauma Unit | Mariani D.,Ospedale di Legnano | And 19 more authors.
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery | Year: 2016

Purpose: Acute mesenteric ischaemia (AMI) accounts for about 1:1000 acute hospital admissions. Untreated, AMI will cause mesenteric infarction, intestinal necrosis, an overwhelming inflammatory response and death. Early intervention can halt and reverse this process leading to a full recovery, but the diagnosis of AMI is difficult and failure to recognize AMI before intestinal necrosis has developed is responsible for the high mortality of the disease. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are the goals of modern therapy, but there are no randomized controlled trials to guide treatment and the published literature contains a high ratio of reviews to original data. Much of that data comes from case reports and often small, retrospective series with no clearly defined treatment criteria. Methods: A study group of the European Society for Trauma and Emergency Surgery (ESTES) was formed in 2013 with the aim of developing guidelines for the management of AMI. A comprehensive literature search was performed using the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) thesaurus keywords “mesenteric ischaemia”, “bowel ischaemia” and “bowel infarction”. The bibliographies of relevant articles were screened for additional publications. After an initial systematic review of the literature by the whole group, a steering group formulated questions using a modified Delphi process. The evidence was then reviewed to answer these questions, and recommendations formulated and agreed by the whole group. Results: The resultant recommendations are presented in this paper. Conclusions: The aim of these guidelines is to provide recommendations for practice that will lead to improved outcomes for patients. © 2016, The Author(s). Source

Stavropoulou A.V.,National Diagnostics | Fostira F.,National Diagnostics | Pertesi M.,National Diagnostics | Tsitlaidou M.,National Diagnostics | And 16 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Germline mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes contribute to approximately 18% of hereditary ovarian cancers conferring an estimated lifetime risk from 15% to 50%. A variable incidence of mutations has been reported for these genes in ovarian cancer cases from different populations. In Greece, six mutations in BRCA1 account for 63% of all mutations detected in both BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of BRCA1 mutations in a Greek cohort of 106 familial ovarian cancer patients that had strong family history or metachronous breast cancer and 592 sporadic ovarian cancer cases. All 698 patients were screened for the six recurrent Greek mutations (including founder mutations c.5266dupC, p.G1738R and the three large deletions of exon 20, exons 23-24 and exon 24). In familial cases, the BRCA1 gene was consequently screened for exons 5, 11, 12, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24. A deleterious BRCA1 mutation was found in 43/106 (40.6%) of familial cancer cases and in 27/592 (4.6%) of sporadic cases. The variant of unknown clinical significance p.V1833M was identified in 9/698 patients (1.3%). The majority of BRCA1 carriers (71.2%) presented a high-grade serous phenotype. Identifying a mutation in the BRCA1 gene among breast and/or ovarian cancer families is important, as it enables carriers to take preventive measures. All ovarian cancer patients with a serous phenotype should be considered for genetic testing. Further studies are warranted to determine the prevalence of mutations in the rest of the BRCA1 gene, in the BRCA2 gene, and other novel predisposing genes for breast and ovarian cancer. © 2013 Stavropoulou et al. Source

Paraskevas K.I.,Red Cross | Tzovaras A.A.,Aghios Savvas Hospital | Stathopoulos V.,Rhodes General Hospital | Gentimi F.,Aghia Sophia Childrens Hospital | Mikhailidis D.P.,University College London
Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal | Year: 2010

The main criterion for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is an AAA diameter 5.5 cm. However, some AAAs rupture when they are smaller. Size alone may therefore not be a sufficient criterion to determine rupture risk. Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake is increased in the presence of inflammation and it was suggested that this may be a better predictor of rupture risk than AAA size. Furthermore, increased FDG uptake following endovascular AAA repair may be an indirect predictor of continuous AAA sac enlargement due to the presence of an endoleak (even if this is not detected by imaging modalities) and/or increased AAA rupture risk. The role of FDG uptake needs to be explored further in the management of AAAs. © Paraskevas et al. Source

Kappou D.,Alexandra Maternity Hospital | Papastefanou I.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Papastefanou I.,Fetal Medicine Unit | Pilalis A.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | And 5 more authors.
Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy | Year: 2015

Introduction: Our aim was to examine the value of indirect signs of open spina bifida in the mid-sagittal view of the posterior brain at the 11-13 weeks' ultrasound examination and to summarize the current evidence for the first-trimester diagnosis of spina bifida. Methods: This was a prospective study in routine obstetric population. The presence of four almost parallel lines (four-line view) in the posterior brain was recorded. Biparietal diameter (BPD), intracranial translucency (IT) and cisterna magna (CM) were measured. The ratio of IT to CM (R ratio) was calculated. Results: 2,491 pregnancies were examined prospectively. Updated reference ranges for IT and CM were constructed. There were 3 cases with open spina bifida, and the four-line view was abnormal in 2 of them. The abnormal fetuses had smaller BPD as well as pronounced reduction in the CM and increase in the R ratio. Discussion: Examination of the posterior brain was feasible in all fetuses in the setting of the routine 11-13 weeks' ultrasound examination. Indirect signs of spina bifida are visible in the mid-sagittal view of the posterior brain, and the assessment of these structures can be a reliable tool in the early identification of this abnormality. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

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